Today, one of the options for finishing the ceiling is the use of suspended structures. It has a lot of advantages. Such materials are environmentally friendly, their cost remains acceptable for almost all buyers. In this case, you can perform the installation yourself. To do this, consider the recommendations of professional builders.
Knowing all the intricacies of mounting suspended structures, you can perform all the steps correctly. The finish will be reliable and durable. How to install false ceilings with your own hands will be discussed later.
Do-it-yourself suspended ceiling made of drywall, various panels and plates can be created independently. In this case, it does not take much effort and time to complete the finish. False ceilings today are used in the arrangement of office, retail and residential premises. Their cost will be a lock lower than that of tension structures. At the same time, various communications, electrical wires and ventilation ducts can be hidden under this finish. This increases the aesthetics of the room.
Such popularity of suspended ceilings is explained by the mass of their positive characteristics. These designs can be mounted almost at any time of the year. They allow you to hide all defects in the ceiling. In this case, you do not need to purchase additional materials for the preparation of the foundation.
It should also be noted a large selection of textures, shades and varieties of materials for decoration. They can be mirror, opaque, color. Such structures form multilevel structures, arches, etc. Also, practically any types of lamps are combined with this material.
Do-it-yourself suspended ceilings are also mounted because of their unique performance characteristics. This material is environmentally friendly, not afraid of moisture, sunlight. It is fireproof and also able to serve as sound insulation. However, you should not use such designs for rooms with low ceilings.
Today, the market offers a large selection of false ceiling designs. First, a wireframe is created. Modular units are installed on it. Depending on the materials and type of construction, several varieties of suspended ceilings are distinguished.
In bathrooms and toilets, the rack type of structures is most often installed. It has a metal frame. This type of ceiling is rarely used. More often install rack plastic ceiling. It can be equipped in almost any room. The butt seam in this design is thin. This enhances the aesthetic qualities of the material.
Another popular view is the Armstrong suspended ceiling. They rarely mount it with their own hands. This type of decoration is used for office, retail premises, pavilions, office buildings.
The most popular today is the plasterboard suspended ceiling. It is used for residential premises. The cost of such finishes is relatively low. At the same time, it differs in durability, ease of installation. With this type of finish, you can create almost any ceiling configuration.
In addition to drywall, PVC boards are often used for decorating ceilings. They are also quick to mount. The choice of textures and shades in this category is great. It is also possible to choose plates of mirror type. A large selection of materials will allow you to design almost any interior.
Preparation for installation of a rack ceiling
Before starting work, it is necessary to consider the features of installing each type of suspended ceiling with your own hands. Step-by-step instructions will help you understand all the nuances of this process.
The rack ceiling, due to its specific appearance, is mounted mainly in bathrooms, bathrooms, saunas. To establish this type of structure, you will need to purchase a building level, metal scissors, a drill, a hammer. You will also need a tape measure, a pencil.
It will be necessary to purchase a certain number of battens and inserts between them in order to install the false ceiling with your own hands from the panels. Also, supporting profiles (stringers), wall P-profiles, suspensions, as well as dowels and self-tapping screws are required.
It is necessary to make the correct calculations. First, the lengths of the walls in the room are measured. This will allow you to calculate the number of supporting rails (stringers). They can be increased, so the perimeter of the room will correspond to the length of the profiles. The distance between the stringers is 1.2 m. They are installed along the ceiling. Next, the area of the ceiling is calculated. These data will help you choose the optimal number of panels and rails.
Installation of a rack ceiling
Do -it- yourself PVC suspended ceilings must be installed correctly. First you need to mark the ceiling. If the surface of the base is even, you can measure the same distance from the ceiling and draw a line for the support profile. If the base is imperfect, the construction level is used for marking.
In accordance with previous measurements, the required amount of the metal profile is cut using special scissors. The wide side of the plank is applied to the wall, hole marks are made. The distance between the screws should be about 40 cm. Holes are created using a drill or punch. They insert plastic dowels. Next, the profile is fixed using anchor clips.
Stringers will need to be fastened along the ceiling. They should be installed along. Fastening can be done using self-tapping screws. 20 cm should be retreated from the edge. The next self-tapping screw should be 70 cm from the first hardware. It can be used to fix the suspension. 30 cm recede from the edge, and 1.3 m between adjacent suspensions. Stringers should be fixed above the support profiles.
The panels are fastened from the side opposite the entrance to the room. There are protrusions on the stringers. They need to snap the plastic panel. The last panel will most likely need to be trimmed, otherwise it will not be able to stand upright in the allotted space.
Preparing for the installation of a cassette ceiling
Do-it-yourself installation of a false ceiling can be performed on the basis of a cassette type. Such designs consist of profiles and square plates. The most famous cassette ceiling is Armstrong. It consists of mineral plates. However, according to the same principle, wood, plastic, aluminum panels can be mounted. The choice depends on the features of the interior.
For installation, you will need to prepare the appropriate materials. You need to purchase panels 60x60 cm in size. You will also need an angular profile, a suspension with clamping springs, bearing rails of 3.7 m in length, and also transverse and longitudinal rails of 1.2 and 0.6 m. For fixing, they acquire anchors and self-tapping screws. The stock of materials should be up to 10%.
First, markup is done. The distance from the ceiling to the finishing material should be about 15 cm, so that various engineering communications can be installed in the inter-ceiling space. Using the level you need to create a straight line at the required level. If the ceiling is uneven, you can not navigate on it.
A step-by-step instruction for false ceilings with your own hands provides for the installation of a supporting profile. Such structures are in the form of the English letter L. On a drawn line, this profile is mounted with a pitch of 40 cm. The painted side of such a profile should be directed downward. For fixing, dowels are used.
Cassette Ceiling Installation
Considering how to make a suspended ceiling with your own hands, it is necessary to study the installation of suspensions in detail. They will hold the slats. The first suspension will need to be fixed at a distance of 60 cm from the wall. After that, the next rail is mounted. It is located at a distance of 1.2 m from the first suspension.
Suspensions are attached to the ceiling using anchor bolts. You can also use clamping dowels. After installing the suspensions, their length must be adjusted. It should lie tightly on the supporting profile. This function is provided by the suspension design. There are no difficulties in this matter.
Bearing rails should be installed parallel to the wall. These rails are 3.7 m long. The distance between them is 1.2 m. When they are fixed, short rails must be installed. Their length is 120 cm. They need to be installed perpendicular to the supporting structural elements. The step between them is 60 cm. No additional tools are required for fixing. The slats are inserted on the supporting structures in the corresponding slots. The slats 120 cm long are connected by transverse jumpers. Their length is 60 cm.
Plates are laid starting from the center of the room. First, deaf elements are laid out. The cells in which the lamps will be left empty. If necessary, trim the walls of the slab. Then the installation of lighting devices is carried out.
Features of the plasterboard ceiling
Today, suspended plasterboard ceilings are very popular. With your own hands to assemble a similar design is not difficult. To do this, prepare the necessary tools and materials. You will need to purchase a regular and long (2 m) level. Also in the work you will need a puncher and a grinder. You need to purchase metal scissors, a construction knife, a paint brush. The master must have at hand a tape measure, a pencil.
To create a ceiling from drywall, you need to purchase a sufficient amount of materials. You will need a metal profile, a certain type of drywall (depending on the purpose of the room). As fasteners, self-tapping screws, screws, dowels are suitable. Finishing work is carried out using putty.
When choosing drywall, you need to pay attention to its operational characteristics. Simple varieties of such sheets are suitable for finishing ceilings in the corridor and living rooms. In this case, the humidity in the room should be normal.
If the installation of the ceiling is carried out in the bathroom, you need to purchase special sheets. They are characterized by increased moisture resistance. For rooms with high fire safety requirements, fire-resistant drywall sheets are used.
Preparation for work
Certain features are distinguished by the installation of a false ceiling made of drywall with your own hands. A step-by-step instruction involves some preparatory work. First, determine at what level the support profiles will be fixed.
If the ceiling has significant irregularities, you need to find its deepest point. From it you need to transfer a straight line to the corner. From it count down 25 mm. This indicator corresponds to the width of the profile. At the same level, they leave marks at all corners of the room. Level check their position.
Using a construction thread, these points must be connected. It is stained with chalk and stretched. After its sharp release, an even trace will appear on the wall. This is the correct markup.
To mount the U-shaped suspensions, marking is also carried out. The base of the ceiling is outlined. The distance between the lines should be 50 cm. Dimensions should correspond on both sides of the room. Opposite walls are connected by lines between the marked points.
When creating false ceilings from drywall with your own hands, you must correctly mount the frame. First fix the P-suspensions. They are at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Tape suspensions should pass along the seam line of drywall sheets. For this, dowels and screws are used.
It should be noted that if there are no fixation holes in the UD profile, you can drill such material immediately by attaching it to the wall. When this type of support is installed, a CD profile is inserted into it. There should also be a distance of 50 cm between them. Middle suspensions allow you to attach the profile to the ceiling, avoiding its sagging. If the profiles intersect, a latch is used to connect them.
To create a do-it-yourself suspended ceiling with their own hands, holes are cut in the corresponding places on the drywall sheets for the output of wires for the lamps. Next, the installation of the casing is carried out.
Each sheet should be fixed on half of the profile. This ensures structural strength. Fixation is carried out using self-tapping screws. On one sheet of drywall of such clamps, about 8 pcs. Will be required. They are screwed with a special nozzle.
After assembly, the surface must be primed. When the composition dries, all the recesses from the screws, the joints must be carefully treated with putty. Serpianka is used for seams. It just sticks to the joint. Further, the surface is putty.
After this, you need to cover the ceiling with finishing putty, and paint if necessary. Next, install lighting.
Having considered how to equip false ceilings with your own hands, you can do all the work yourself. The quality of this design will be high if you adhere to all the recommendations of specialists.