The life of the famous chess genius Garry Kasparov is as diverse as his analytical mind is brilliant. Excited world victories in chess, sudden departure at the peak of fame, literary and political activities - these are only a small part of the achievements of the great grandmaster. Truly, the great representatives of mankind are multifaceted and talented in everything.
On April 13, 1963, Baku announced the infant cry of the future chess champion. Parents, Weinstein Kim Moiseevich and Kasparyan Klara Shagenovna, were immensely happy. Both were people of engineering specialties, but loved to while away evenings, playing chess.
Little Garik Kasparov (a chess player in the future) from an early age demonstrated a remarkable mind and grasped everything on the fly. Unbeknownst to everyone, a curious kid watched the chess battles of mom and dad, absorbing all sorts of tricks and decisions into himself like a sponge. Once, quite unexpectedly, at the age of 5, he suggested a way out of the chess problem, over which parents were puzzling. At this moment, Kim Moiseevich saw in the son of the future champion.
In 1970, after the death of his father, a small chess lover begins to visit a section of the local Palace of Pioneers. In the first year of study receives 3rd grade and he opens the way to international competitions.
From this moment, constant trips begin. Kasparov (a chess player), whose nationality is Jewish from birth, at that time had a sonorous surname Weinstein. His mother understood that it would be quite difficult for him to achieve success in chess activities. And in 1974, the name changed to Kasparov. Now, little Garik is an Armenian. Now this position may seem strange, but at that time it was the only right decision. Anti-Semitic persecution would hardly have allowed a Jew to win and gain fame in chess.
The first victories of a young chess player
Starting a career for a little chess player was quite easy. Success was accompanied by a talented child. In 1973, in Vilnius, at the All-Union Youth Games, Kasparov the chess player acquires a mentor in the person of master of sports Alexander Nikitin. Conquered by his young talent, Nikitin gives him a recommendation to enter the school of an in-depth study of chess art under the supervision of Mikhail Botvinnik. Without thinking twice, in the same year, Garik and his mother went to Dubna, where she entered the training without any problems. After some time, Botvinnik himself notices the boy and takes him under his wing, providing all kinds of support.
A year later, Kasparov - a chess player with a capital letter - for the first time becomes a participant in the youth championship of the USSR. This time he takes only 7th place, which enthuses the observers, because the age of the other participants is at least 6 years ahead of the age of a small chess player. The following year, the stubborn child returns to the tournament and wins a brilliant victory. At this moment, young talents are noticed by the highest circles in the game of chess, and since then they have not taken a close look, following the achievements of young Garik.
Already at the age of 15, having received a master of sports in chess, a brilliant child participates in the selection to the country's major league. And again he wins. In 1980, at a regular tournament in Baku, chess player Garry Kasparov received the title of grandmaster, defeating Igor Zaitsev, the coach of his future opponent Anatoly Karpov.
The fight of two "K" for the title of "World Champion"
In 1984, Kasparov (a chess player) enters into a confrontation with the current world chess champion Anatoly Karpov. The struggle and the desire to become the best absorbs both and drags on for 10 years. All this time, the world has been watching with tension the battle of the two greatest chess players.
The first fight begins in the fall of 1984. With what attention the whole world is watching the game. The fight has no time limit and the final must be 6 victories of one of the participants. Complex parties, incredible stress do not let anyone relax. The fight drags on for 159 days and, possibly, could last longer, but the president of the International Chess Federation decides to interrupt the chess battle. The result is a draw and the title, according to the rules, remains with Karpov. It is the epochal duel of the two greatest chess players that enters the history of chess as the first and only unfinished chess battle.
Six months later, Kasparov and Karpov meet again for a decisive battle. This time the fight has a limit of 24 games. On November 9, at 13:11, Garry Kasparov, a chess player whose biography is interesting to his fans, wins a well-deserved victory and becomes the youngest World Champion. At this point, he is only 22 years old.
Over the next 10 years, two brilliant chess players clash in three more fights. But each of them ends with Kasparov’s victory.
Since receiving the title of world chess champion, Kasparov has repeatedly confirmed his unique talent. He wins tournaments, defeats ingenious chess players.
At the same time, Kasparov advocated the opening of a Professional Chess Organization (PSA), which holds a number of matches and tournaments.
In 1993, the genius of chess leaves FIDE (International Chess Organization) and almost lost all its titles, ranks and place in the world ranking. But some time later, justice triumphs, and the title returns to its rightful owner.
At this time, Harry Kimovich is actively engaged in social activities. It opens schools for young talents, in every way supports the development of chess sports in various countries. Photos of Kasparov the chess player will be recognized all over the world.
Man and computer grapple
In 1996, the creators of computer technology challenge the champion and he, without hesitation, accepts it. Based on curiosity and interest, a brilliant chess player enters into a battle with the machine. The first match leaves a victory for the man, although Kasparov loses one game. And in May 1997, during the second match, Kasparov was defeated and the computer became the winner of the match.
After losing 2 more times, the grandmaster enters a chess battle with the machine. Both times the result is a draw.
Over the years, Kasparov’s interest in computer technology does not fade away and several interesting chess programs are being released on his behalf.
Despite the enormous employment in the development of a sports career, constant training, traveling, Kasparov is madly attracted to politics.
After devastating actions in Baku in 1990, the champion moved with his family to Moscow and became involved in the country's political actions. The chess player advocates the introduction of democracy and promotes the Democratic Party.
At the moment, the political career of a famous chess player is in full swing. A participant in election campaigns, an activist in the creation of parties - a brilliant chess player can no longer imagine life without politics, the main direction of which is still democracy.
Leaving a sports career
The fall of 2000 becomes, to some extent, a milestone in the life of a grandmaster.
As part of the next tournament to identify the leader in the ancient game, Vladimir Kramnik is more successful and defeats the great chess player. Kasparov ceases to be the world champion, but only officially.
After losing, Harry Kimovich, being a multi-faceted personality, is not particularly sad and continues to take part in various chess tournaments and championships for another 5 years. Naturally, winning numerous victories.
And on March 10, 2005, he suddenly announced his intention to end his career as a chess player. From that moment on, the main direction of his activity was the policy into which Kasparov was immersed headlong.
At the beginning of the move to the chess Olympus, Kasparov quite often wrote articles that were published in various publications.
In addition, he has written several books on the management of chess games and their completion.
In 1987, the book-autobiography “Child of Changes” was published. The book is published in English and written not by hand, but by dictation to a local journalist. After which Kasparov publishes several more books, devoting them to his beloved ancient game.
The heart life of the famous chess player is as diverse as the directions of his activity in the outside world.
In 1986, acquaintance with Maria Arapova. Young and lovers enter into an official union two years later, and after another three replenishment occurs in the family. And a wonderful daughter is born - Polina. But domestic problems, conflicts of a beloved wife with an equally dear mother lead to the collapse of the family, and in 1993 the couple filed for divorce. After some time, ex-wife and daughter Polina leave the country and currently reside in the United States.
Three years later, the chess player Garry Kasparov, whose biography is described in the article, begins to feel feelings for the young student and enters into an official marriage with her. Kasparov gives birth to a son. But this marriage does not bring happiness and ends in divorce in 2005. After which Kasparov will marry Petersburger Daria Tarasova. Two children are born in a marriage - a son, Nikolai, and a daughter, Aida.
At the moment, the name of the chess player Kasparov is known throughout the world. Harry Kimovich remains an unsurpassed master of chess art, which went down in history. Winner of several chess Oscars and many awards. A man who, with unwavering tenacity inherent in his strong character, defends his opinion in the world. A man about whom, even after the end of his life’s journey, they will speak and make legends.