What organizations can be considered public associations
Public associations are a voluntary union of citizens established by law who have common interests, spiritual and other intangible needs. To establish, become members and participants in such associations can not bodies representing state power, and bodies that carry out local self-government.
The right to establish public associations is obtained both by legal entities representing various public associations, as well as individuals who, having convened a meeting or congress, elect the governing, controlling and audit bodies, as well as approve the charter. Other public unions, individuals who submitted an application or issued other necessary documents may become members of such an association on a voluntary basis. Freedom of association is guaranteed by the principle of voluntariness in the institution and the activities of public associations . None of the citizens can be forced to join these organizations or to stay in them.
Citizens are also granted the following rights to create public associations:
- establish them without prior permission from local and state authorities;
- join them in compliance with the adopted charter.
Created public associations can be registered, while obtaining rights granted to a legal entity, and you can function without registration, while not being a legal entity.
Forms of public associations - organizational and legal
Today, public associations of Russia are represented by such legal and organizational forms:
Political public associations are such forms as public organization and movement.
What public associations operate in the Russian Federation
To date, such public associations of Russia have been created and are operating, which are represented by local, regional, interregional and all-Russian associations.
All-Russian associations carry out work in the territory belonging to more than half of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and have created representative offices, branches, branches or organizations there.
Inter-regional associations are those that operate in the territory of less than half of the subjects of the federation and have opened representative offices, branches, branches or organizations there.
Regional associations are public associations that perform their functions on the territory of one of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Local associations are those whose activities are distributed within the territory subordinate to the bodies exercising local self-government.
On the basis of what are the relations of public associations and state power
The level depends on the relationship between the state and public associations . democratic power. If public associations are provided with free functioning, independence and state bodies cooperate with them, such a state can be considered democratic.
Relations between the state and public associations are characterized by bilateral cooperation. On the one hand, the state establishes the rights granted to public associations, the scope of their activities and powers. In turn, associations take part in the life of the state, determining its policy and controlling the work of various bodies. Public organizations in the Russian Federation are active participants in election campaigns, they are also involved in organizing and conducting demonstrations, rallies, street processions.
There are three key areas in which the state and public associations collaborate:
1) the state provides public associations with information on the state of affairs in various areas of public life, as well as on those decisions that are taken by state bodies;
2) cooperation of the state and associations in decision-making regarding the election campaign, the protection of health, the environment, labor, public order, historical monuments, architecture and culture, etc .;
3) joint activities in the field of lawmaking and lawmaking.
The functioning of public organizations may be suspended as a result of self-dissolution or in connection with a court decision.