It was possible to get acquainted with the first and only low-profile Russian-made bus PAZ 3237 in 2003 at the Moscow International Motor Show. It was here that a wide audience saw this car. This domestic small-class bus has become ideal for the conditions of most cities. But before discussing the technical specifications and other information, you need to say a few words about the history of the enterprise.
A small digression into history
Pavlovsky Bus Plant at its very beginning was called the Zhdanov Bus Plant . Already in this period of its development, the company manufactured buses of small and medium classes. Production facilities were located in the city of Pavlovo, in the Nizhny Novgorod region. The plant began its work in 1930. In those years, he worked as support for the Gorky Automobile Plant and other enterprises in the automotive industry. The factory produced tools for drivers and body parts.
In 1932, when construction work was completely completed, the production of buses started. As you know, on November 12, 1968, the plant became the first enterprise that made buses.
In the early 60s, the Pavlovsky Bus Plant redesigned its production concept. From this moment, the company is engaged in the full-scale production and improvement of its machines. It’s just that the base model was repeatedly modified to meet the needs of the customer. Later, the company's products began to actively participate in various exhibitions and events.
On December 1, 1968, the PAZ 3204 series was launched at the plant. Today, about 30 modifications were created on the basis of this model. Bus models were designed for a wide variety of purposes. There were also buses of the "luxury" category, and more specialized models. Many different modifications were made taking into account the weather conditions in which these buses were supposed to be used. About 10 modifications based on the Paz 3204 are made to this day.
In 2002, Paz launched the very first low-profile small-class bus in history. This is the PAZ-3237 bus, or "Meadow". In recent years, the plant has developed several promising models of city buses. PAZ buses often received awards at various exhibitions and events.
PAZ bus for passengers
PAZ 3237 is still one of the first small low-profile city buses. The bus is designed for 55 people, and the number of seats is 18 seats. Passengers can comfortably sit on chairs, which, in turn, are installed on special catwalks. Armchairs are semi-soft, separate. The backs of the seats are rather low.
Air suspension made it possible to make boarding and boarding of passengers even more comfortable. Thanks to this system, it became possible to reduce clearance when the bus is at the stop for boarding. Wide doors also contribute to passenger comfort. Some modifications of this bus are designed for people with disabilities.
This PAZ bus model is equipped with a load-bearing body, which is made in the carriage layout. Due to the use of state-of-the-art technologies, innovations in painting and processing with anti-corrosion compounds, as well as thanks to special engineering solutions, it is stated that the body is designed for a service life of up to 8 years. Bus body parts are unified by the low-profile LIAZ bodies.
There is no forced ventilation system
. It is carried out using traditional hatches and windows. As for heating, the interior heats the air system with forced circulation. Using the engine cooling system, the air in the bus is very well heated.
The length of the PAZ 3237 bus is 7.8 meters, the width is 2.5 meters. Height - 3.8 meters. With a wheelbase of 3650 mm, the minimum possible turning radius reaches about 8.5 meters. Ground clearance is 36 centimeters. The total mass of the car is 6 tons.
PAZ 3237 - specifications
From the technical side, the bus looks very attractive to many of those who would like to purchase it.
As for the engine, engineers equipped the machine with a four-cylinder in-line diesel engine from CUMMINS. This PAZ bus engine can deliver a maximum power of 140 horsepower, with a speed of 2500 rpm.
The engine reaches maximum torque at 1,500 rpm, and the moment itself is 505 N * m. This motor fully complies with all environmental standards. The engine capacity is 3.9 liters. The engine was equipped with a turbocharging system. The speed that PAZ 3237 gives out at the maximum of its capabilities will be 80 km per hour.
The PAZ bus, whose fuel consumption is 18 liters of diesel per 100 km, has a 140-liter tank. This is quite enough for urban and even interregional routes.
As for the gearbox, the bus is equipped with a five-speed manual from Praga. Also, for some modifications based on this model, an automatic transmission from Allison is installed.
As a management, the designers used Hungarian mechanisms in production. There is also a power steering, which greatly facilitates the efforts for rotation by the driver of the "steering wheel".
It should be said here that the designers used German-made drum brakes. In general, the system in this bus is equipped with pneumatic drives, as well as two independent circuits. These brakes work with all wheels of this car.
The basic equipment also includes ABS. The system will help drivers to steer the car confidently in the event of various situations on the road.
As you can see, PAZ is a bus that is great for our roads, it works at many import hubs. Engineers claim that this transport is ideal for urban conditions and will work reliably in the fleets of Russian cities.
The modern advantages of such low-profile buses are literally created in order to meet the transport needs of large cities. Larger vehicles for transporting passengers in the same metropolis simply will not be able to cope with trips along the main streets, which are always loaded with private cars, especially at peak times. PAZ 3237 was developed specifically to reduce the load on large buses with their help.
Due to its small overall dimensions, the bus has enough maneuverability. This is especially important, and it was this parameter that the developers took into account. After all, passenger carriers work on city roads for a long time, where a dense flow is a common norm.
PAZ is a bus that has managed to earn an excellent reputation in the modern market. This allowed to influence the fact that its sales are constantly growing. This car is able to decorate any fleet of vehicles or enterprises of private carriers. Quite a few automobile companies have already purchased this bus. Because the car turned out to be quite reliable, comfortable, safe. The model fully complies with all existing quality standards.
Today, many companies offer to buy PAZ buses. The price in April 2014 was about 3 million rubles. If at the moment to do price monitoring, today the cost has increased by about 200-400 thousand rubles.
It is worth saying that these buses have long been working closely on the transportation of passengers in various cities of Russia and the CIS countries. This haulier is very convenient, comfortable, and import units operate reliably and without complaints.
Today PAZ cars are unpretentious, easy-to-maintain buses that help to cope confidently with saturated passenger traffic.
So, we found out what price PAZ buses are and what technical characteristics they have.