Kolomna is one of the oldest cities in the Moscow region. The first mention of it dates back to 1177. Today it is a beautiful green city located on the Moscow-Ryazan highway. From Moscow to the city center 100 km. In the Kolomna region, the Moscow River connects with the Oka, which, in turn, is one of the Volga tributaries.
Due to such a convenient location, the Kolomna marina appears in the middle of the 19th century. After almost 100 years, the USSR government renamed it the port, which was left the original name. A shipbuilding, passenger compartment, cargo marina and even container terminals are under construction. And although during the times of the Soviet Union the city was closed to foreigners (considered military), the port of Kolomna gave a significant impetus to the development of both the entire river fleet and shipping in the Moscow Region.
One of the milestones in the development of the port is the appearance of light passenger ships. In 1958, the first ship "Moscow" made a passenger flight Moscow - Kolomna. May 17 - the day of this transition - became the port's birth date. In 1975, due to the rapid growth of traffic, the marina receives port status. In January 1994, a decision was made on the transformation, as a result of which OJSC Kolomna Port appeared. There are several versions of creating a society. According to some sources, this is the decision of the port's labor collective, according to others - the decision of the mayor. In any case, today Kolomna is a city whose port is recognized as the largest in the southeastern region of the Moscow region. It includes cargo areas on both rivers (Oka and the Moscow River), the passenger transportation department, a ship repair plant, as well as many other structures both in the coastal areas and in the city itself.
Kolomna - a strong port
If we talk about ships, despite the fact that the Russian river fleet is going through hard times, there are more than 100 ships for various purposes in Kolomna. These are tugboats, floating cranes, hydraulic cranes and self-propelled vessels, as well as Moscow-type river trams.
The port is constantly modernizing its own crew, additional areas for ship repair and shipbuilding are being commissioned. A large share of passenger traffic in the central basin of the Russian Federation also belongs to OJSC.
In addition to transportation itself, the port of Kolomna is engaged in the development of non-metallic building materials, for example, sand or gravel. The city has a dry mix factory, also owned by the port.
One of the important structural divisions of the port is its own design bureau. Based on the capacities of the shipbuilding section, ships are being developed that have already managed to interest domestic customers. Among them can be called fishing trawlers. The enterprise’s capacities will be enough to produce 10 such watercraft per year. The domestic trawler will be able to change the situation in the fishing sector, where mainly ships made in China operate, and at the same time become a good source of financing for the port.
Not forgotten and development for their own needs. After long negotiations with the Germans, the company Liebherr (Germany), the port of Kolomna received a powerful floating crane with a lifting capacity of over 30 tons. Commissioning took place at the end of autumn 2014. The crane suspension was delivered by the Germans, the lower, floating part - of its own production.
There are plans for the bureau and the development of these ships. One of them, already 95% ready, will have to go from the Kerch Strait to St. Petersburg. According to the assurances of the designers, the ship will be able to go to sea with waves exceeding one and a half meters. If this development meets expectations, it is possible to mass production, as colleagues from other cities are seriously interested in the project.
Despite the difficult situation with river transport in Russia, OJSC Port Kolomna is working at full capacity. Without stopping only at the functions inherent in a regular river port, they work here in other directions. Maybe that’s the way to get out of the crisis?