It is quite possible to build a hearth for a bonfire on your own personal plot without resorting to the services of specialists. The main thing is a competent selection of materials, a serious attitude to the task, as well as the choice of a suitable place where the fireplace will be located. Let's find out how to make a hearth for the fire with your own hands.
Choosing a place to place the outbreak
Before starting work, you need to choose the appropriate place for the location of the bonfire. It is recommended to pay attention to the following points:
- The campfire site should be away from buildings, trees, car parks, and other flammable objects.
- It is desirable that around the place chosen for the fire, there was a brick, concrete, stone, iron or any other non-combustible fence. In this case, the site will be protected from embers flying to the sides.
- The site for the focus should be flat. Otherwise, the fire will be flooded during rain.
- It is recommended to take into account the size of the free territory. If it is planned to place a hearth for a bonfire on a modest site, such a solution would not be very convenient.
Tools and materials
To create a full-fledged hearth in the country, you may need these tools:
- refractory bricks;
- flat stone;
- tape measure to measure the necessary parameters;
- crushed stone or pebbles;
- pegs and rope;
To make a fireplace for a fireplace made of stone with your own hands, a wooden peg with a rope is stuck in the center of the intended place for the campfire. With the help of such a simple device, a circle is marked. Next, they begin to create a ditch, the depth of which can vary between 20-100 cm.
Then prepare a cement mortar. The ditch is filled with the mixture almost completely, leaving about 3-5 cm to the edges. Pieces of reinforcement are placed in the cement and the surface of the cement is leveled.
Until the material has frozen, the future hearth for the bonfire is lined with flat stones in a circle. Using a trowel, the gaps between the stones are filled with cement mortar. Excess material residue is removed with a damp sponge.
Additionally, it is worth taking care of protecting the fire from moisture in rainy weather. To do this, you can make a cover for the hearth of sheet metal or make a simple high canopy of tarpaulin.
The simplest and most affordable solution is to build a brick fire for the fire. To do this, a circular depression is prepared in the ground, the height of which corresponds to the length of the brick. The walls of the prepared campfire are lined with the indicated material, located in an upright position. It is quite natural that the foundation pit for the fireplace should initially be slightly wider than the desired diameter. After all, bricks will also occupy a certain area.
The edges of the fireplace can be overlaid with paving tiles or the same fragments of brick. A wide, even framing of the hearth will serve as a convenient platform for the location of country furniture, where households can comfortably accommodate.
A fireplace with metal walls is the least wasteful option in terms of cost of funds, effort and time. To start, dig a pit to the desired depth. In this case, you can not make the walls of the recess perfectly smooth.
A piece of corrugated steel can be used as a frame for such a bonfire. The folded length of the sheet should approximately correspond to the circumference of the prepared foundation pit with some allowance. Having folded the material in a ring, the edges of the segment are fastened with screws or bolted joints. Finally, the space between the ground and the steel sheet is covered with sand or fine gravel.
When planning to make a hearth on a personal plot, it is not at all necessary to prepare a foundation pit for a future bonfire. If desired, you can make a ground structure. A good basis for such a hearth will be a reinforced concrete flower girl or circles for a well. You can install the product on the ground or, in advance, place stones, refractory bricks in the ground , which will serve as a solid foundation for the installation of the structure.
In this case, there is no need to lay out the area around the fireplace with brick, tile, other materials. The main thing is to pre-clear the site and install any suitable reinforced concrete tank of arbitrary shape, which will play the role of a fireplace.
Registration of the area around the outbreak
After the fireplace for the campfire in the country with your own hands is fully laid out, it is worth taking care of the finish design of the structure. The ground around the campfire is sprinkled with pebbles or gravel. Around the site at a distance of about 2-3 meters, the vegetation is pre-harvested. Such decisions will subsequently avoid the onset of a fire.
To protect the lining of the hearth of stone, brick or tile from external influences, if provided for in the plan, a sealant is applied to it. It also allows the cement to maintain integrity, not to fall apart and not crack in the sun.
Additionally, you can take care of the arrangement of the adjacent territory. A small depression of the order of 8-10 cm is pulled out around the hearth. The last is laid geotextile, on top of which the same gravel is poured. Some homeowners do not like the small pebbles that can fall into shoes. Therefore, it is possible to lay on the geotextile another, more dense material, on which it will be convenient to put chairs, tables, benches, etc.