If you have a well or a well on the site, you will need to use a pump to use them. It can be manual, and you can make it yourself. It will be possible to raise the liquid with the help of such equipment by using the pressure force. The installation will be driven by human effort, you will only need to click on a special lever mechanism. For the reason that the operation of such installations involves the use of physical force, their rational use will be justified only when the water demand is negligible.
Before you make a manual water pump yourself, you need to take into account that the rate of water rise and the volume of liquid cannot be compared with an automatic system, but if it is impossible to bring an uninterrupted water supply system to the territory, then this device format is irreplaceable.
Features of hand pumps
The manual method of extracting water from a well or well has its pros and cons. Among the positive features, we can single out the simplicity of equipment and ease of installation. A system of this type can be used in any environment. This equipment allows you to save resources, because for the functioning of the system will not require an electrical connection. For the reason that the device has unified nodes, the equipment has a long service life.
If you decide to make a manual pump for water with your own hands, then it is worth considering that its cost will be significantly lower compared to analogues that have more complex design features. This also applies when the pump is purchased at a store. With the commissioning of the equipment, it will be possible to significantly save, because the process can be carried out independently, without involving outside help.
If you make a manual water pump with your own hands, then initially you need to take into account some of its disadvantages, which are the need to exert physical strength for the functioning of the system. The productivity of the equipment will be small, which means that the supply of liquid will be carried out in a limited amount. Despite the negative aspects, hand pumps today do not lose their relevance, they are still common, and in some cases are indispensable.
Hand Pump Classification
Whatever device the manual water pump possesses, they perform the same functions, but their design features, as well as the principle of operation, may differ. Depending on the criteria, manual mechanisms can be classified into two categories, one of them is piston pumps, the other is rod pumps. Piston pumps are used when water lies at a shallow depth of up to 10 meters. The principle of operation of such an installation is quite simple. This type of manual water pump is a steel cylinder with a piston inside. Under the influence of external force, it moves up and down, and the rise is made by a person, thereby the liquid leaves through the hole, while lowering the lever leads to the filling of the space above the piston with water. Equipment selection can be carried out independently, as well as install it on your own site.
Deep hand pump
A do-it-yourself hand-held water pump can also be made on the basis of a deep type design. It is a complex mechanism that is used to pump water from a well, the depth of which is 10-30 meters. A similar design includes a cylinder, a rod, as well as a piston. A hand pump for a rod-type well is mounted directly in the well or well, while the equipment rod is immersed in an aquifer to a depth of 1 meter. In order to understand what equipment to make or purchase, you need to determine the main selection criteria.
Manual pump selection
Before choosing a manual pump, you need to consider the depth of the well or well, which is the most important criteria in the manufacture or purchase of equipment. In order to lift water from shallow depths - up to 10 meters, you can use a simple piston system mechanism.
A hand pump for a well may have different installation methods. Before you start to make a pump, you need to think about whether there is a need during operation to move it to another object. A similar need often arises when water is taken from a river for household needs, and from a well or a well for drinking. It is important to consider the period of operation. The piston located in the pipe acts as the main element of the pump. You can find models that are designed for year-round use or for use only in the summer, in the latter case, the case is made of plastic. If you decide that you need such a design, then you can pre-prepare a drawing of the pump.
Hand Pump Manufacturing Technology
You can make a hand pump from improvised tools and materials. It is important to pay special attention to the manufacture of the body, for it you can use a steel cylinder, which can be a metal pipe, you can use the old sleeve, borrowed from a diesel engine. The length of the workpiece, which should reflect the pump circuit, should be approximately 80 cm, while the diameter should exceed 8 cm. In order to improve the quality of work, you need to grind the inner base of the pipe using a machine. When carrying out these works, you need to try to rid the surface of the metal of all sorts of irregularities, so you will ease the effort that will be necessary to raise the water.
Fabrication of pump components
Pumps for water for summer cottages should have lids as part of their construction; plastic or steel should be used for their manufacture. In the cover you need to make holes designed for the stem. After the design is ready, a piston will need to be placed in its interior. After the bottom is closed with the same cover that has a valve. In the lateral part, it is necessary to strengthen with the help of a welding machine a tube through which water will be supplied.
Piston Installation Features
When water pumps are made for summer cottages, wood, steel or plastic can be used to make the piston. The main requirement is that it has to be sealed with a rubber ring. When installing this structural element, it will be necessary to leave the smallest gap that should be located between the body and the walls, this will eliminate water leakage.
Pipe connection to the well
The inlet pipe that delivers water inside must be as strong as possible. To do this, pick up reinforced hoses. At the next stage, you can proceed with the installation of valves, which are holes created in the piston and the bottom cover of the steel cylinder. Valves will not allow fluid to return back to the inlet pipe. To create, you should use thick rubber, which must be fixed to the hole with rivets.