The fates of many worthy people of their time will sink into obscurity. This is very sad, because they could teach the modern generation to truly live. The life and work of Yuri Dombrovsky is undeservedly forgotten and erased from textbooks of literature.
Do you know a person like Yuri Dombrovsky? The author’s books are very popular, but he himself speaks too modestly about his work. Who is this stranger?
A Russian writer, prose writer and literary critic - this is who Yuri Osipovich Dombrovsky is. Biography, list of books - all this is impressive the first time. Well, look at the list of his creations:
- "Faculty of unnecessary things."
- "Dark Lady."
- "A monkey comes for his skull."
- "Guardian of Antiquities."
- "The birth of a mouse."
Biography: The Beginning
Yuri Dombrovsky was born in Moscow in May 1909, in a family of intelligent people. Mother was a biologist, and father was an attorney. Having reached a certain age, young Yuri enters the tail school, which was located in Krivoarbatsky lane. Having graduated with dignity, he begins to go to the Higher Literary Courses and in 1932 he successfully completes them.
Arrest and deportation
The year 1933 was very sad. Yuri Dombrovsky was arrested and deported from Moscow. The reason for this was an incomprehensible flag found in the room of the hostel of Yuri. Naturally, this was only an excuse, and we are unlikely to ever find out the real reasons for the expulsion. Those who were familiar with Yuri suggest that he received his deportation to Alma-Ata because of his harsh statements to the government. Some categorically deny Dombrowski’s interest in political affairs.
Life goes on
Despite life circumstances, in the new city, Yuri Dombrovsky tried various professions. He worked as an archaeologist, journalist, art critic, and teacher. Yuri was married to a beautiful woman philologist, but the couple did not have children.
However, the thunder struck again, and already in 1937 the ambitious man was taken under investigation. Within a few months he is completely cut off from the life of society. Then Yuri released. Soon this situation will form the basis of two of his books.
Literary field and subsequent arrest
The author begins to appear in the newspaper "Kazakhstanskaya Pravda" and the journal "Literary Kazakhstan" under a real name - Yuri Dombrovsky. Books have not yet completely taken possession of him, but he is already publishing the first part of his novel Derzhavin and is being jailed. In 1939 he was arrested again, and he was serving his sentence in Kolyma camps.
Liberation, anti-fascist book and arrest
The year 1943 came. What is Yuri Dombrovsky doing now? His biography is making a new round. The writer is released from custody, and Yuri returns to Alma-Ata to engage in theatrical activities. In addition, he lectures at the university on the work of W. Shakespeare. The same time falls on the writing of such books as “The Monkey Comes for His Skull” and “Dark Lady”. The first of the books contained pronounced anti-fascist thoughts.
The year 1949 was marked by the fourth arrest, the reason for which was the testimony of Irina Strelkova, a correspondent for Komsomolskaya Pravda. Yuri sent to prison in the North - Ozerlag.
Finally, after hard years spent alone in the North, the writer was released in 1955. At this time, he becomes calm, balanced and comes to the realization that the regime does not break. He tried to write the truth, convey it to people, but constantly the iron hand of power found him, humiliated and destroyed it. After the arrests and deportations, Yuri always had to spiritually revive, rediscover the desire to create in himself. It is impossible to ignite what smoldered, but every time he succeeded. It is difficult to find a person with such a will to live and a desire to create.
The all-seeing eye of power noticed this change in the writer. Life has broken him, but not broken. Yuri is allowed to live in his native city - Moscow. Here he continues his literary work, but more calmly and thoughtfully. But, despite this, he did not change his views, he only learned to hide them.
Entertaining facts from life
When Yuri wrote the novel “A monkey comes for his skull,” the manuscript was approved for publication. However, the subsequent arrest of the writer led to the fact that all of his manuscripts were selected by the authorized bodies. When the author was finally released to Moscow, that is, after many years, an unknown person came to him. The name of this man remained unsolved. He brought Yuri the preserved manuscript, although according to the order he had to burn it.
Yuri took very rigidly one well-known novel by A. Solzhenitsyn. In letters, he wrote that the author exalts the vile servants of the regime and belittles an honest and dignified man. Yuri led to the fact that the person who writes such stories was himself in the camp only the "six" more powerful people.
Throughout his life, in addition to references, the author of unique texts has endured ordinary human cruelty. He was beaten many times just like that, and it would be ridiculous to go to the police with a statement. Cases were not made public and gradually forgot about them.
In addition, the writer was constantly a target for persecutors from the KGB. This is a little-known fact, and only relatives knew that a person who just wanted to create, walked every day of his life, as if under guns.
A bit about famous books
"Guardian of Antiquities"
Yuri Dombrovsky, whose books were published only in a negligible amount, does not lose his will and continues to write. In 1964, he published the novel The Guardian of Antiquities, in which, on a fictitious name, describes his gloomy adventures of deporting from Moscow.
"Faculty of unnecessary things"
This book was started in the same 1964. She became the pinnacle of the writer. Having finished the book in 1975, the writer could not publish it in his homeland, so three years later he published it in France in Russian.
The essence of the work is what happens to Christian values in the inhuman world. The main characters are the “cogs” of the Stalinist system, which work properly on the regime.
After the release of his cult book, the author was severely beaten, life hung in the balance. As a result, he died in the hospital from a severe internal hemorrhage in May 1978. Identification of several attackers failed. This case was quickly hushed up, and no one recognized the names of the true murderers of the great man. It is noteworthy that the beating occurred near the House of Writers, to which Yuri was sent.
Relatives buried the writer at the Kuzminsky cemetery in Moscow. After the death of the writer, his works saw the world. Three books were published by the writer’s family and friends.