Practical pistol shooting: training, safety precautions. Sports pistol. The Makarov pistol

Questions arise - why practical pistol shooting is needed, how is it different from other shooting sports? It officially exists for more than 3 years. It was created as a technique or set of criteria for assessing the effectiveness of fighters and soon became a spectacular and multifaceted sport.

What is practical pistol shooting?

Now it is spread all over the world and is gaining great popularity as a sports hobby, collecting many athletes for competitions, and applied discipline in special units. Also, methods of how to shoot a pistol are used to teach self-defense with weapons.

practical pistol shooting

Practical shooting originated in California in the 50s. A few years later, it quickly spread to other continents. The International Confederation of Practical Shooting (IPSC) was founded in 1976. The motto of this discipline: accuracy - power - speed. The first component is taken into account by the number of points; the second - the use of weapons of greater power adds a greater number of points accrued for getting into the target zones; the third is the time from the initial signal to the last shot.


A lot of attention in shooting is given to safety. It is provided with control over the location of the weapon, in addition, competitors and spectators must use the protection of the organs of vision and hearing. Only serviceable weapons are allowed for shooting. For violation of safety conditions the only sanction is determined - disqualification.

air pistol shooting

The three main IPSC rules that every athlete and shooter are familiar with, a student who practices dash, are called the shooter Code:

  • The weapon is always loaded. In any situation, any weapon must be handled as charged.
  • Point the weapon only where the shot will be. A gun in a holster, a gun - with the barrel up in the hand.
  • The finger rests on the trigger only when the target is visible in the sights.

Weapon in practical shooting

In practical shooting, three types of weapons are used, respectively, they have a sports pistol, carbine and rifle. Competitions are held for each separately or for all disciplines - triathlon.

All species are divided into classes. For example, air pistol shooting is divided into the following: serial, classic, standard, open, modified.

sports gun

Practical shooting is considered a hobby that is available for any age and gender, therefore, in addition to the "regular" category of athletes, "ladies", "junior", "senior" and "super-senior" are defined.

Which gun to choose?

During training and competitions, various models of pistols are used. The available sports pneumatics are distinguished by a variety of models. The selection of the appropriate one should be in accordance with the preferences of the shooter and the recommendation of the coach.

There are several signs that athletes pay attention to when choosing a sports pistol:

  • weight - should not be more than one and a half kilograms;
  • handle shape - should be conveniently located in the hand, not slip;
  • behavior during shooting - as pistols fire bullets at high speed, it is important that the design of the weapon dampens tremors;
  • the presence of a sight;
  • trigger mechanism - it is important that the adjustment is as simple as possible.

Each sports pistol must be accompanied by instructions so that without the help of a trainer, a beginner can deal with weapons.

The Makarov pistol

This weapon was developed in 1948 in connection with the requirement of the USSR army to create a pistol for officers. It differs from its predecessor in its greater safety, compactness and the stopping effect of the bullet. To achieve this goal, a 9 mm cartridge was first created.

how to shoot a pistol

In addition to Russia, the PM pistol was produced under license in Germany, China and Bulgaria. Over the period of production of weapons, the manufacturability of production was significantly increased. Also in Tula in the 1960s, work was done to facilitate the pistol by creating a frame of plastic and light alloys. This option showed quite good results, but was not taken into service.

Features of the Makarov pistol

PM features small size, exceptional reliability and ease of maintenance and operation. But at the same time, he is not without drawbacks inherent in any pistol. Shooting from a Makarov pistol has low accuracy and bullet efficiency. In addition, a significant minus of the PM in comparison with more advanced pistols is the small capacity of the store plus the relatively large weight of the weapon.

Makarov pistol shooting

The gun works like an automatic shutter. Due to the presence of a special tooth in the trigger, there is the possibility of self-cocking. The gun is almost completely made of steel. After removing the PM from the fuse, a shot can be fired with a preliminary cocking of the trigger, and self-cocking. On the sides of the store there are windows that allow you to control the fullness of cartridges.

The correct aiming from the Makarov pistol

Practical pistol shooting involves several steps. The entire start is conditionally divided into several points:

  1. You need to aim with the dominant eye, i.e. those who see the contour of the target better and sharper.
  2. When aiming, the front and rear sights should be in line. The front sight must be centered between the edges of the slot on the rear sight.
    pistol training
  3. Aim. You need to look at the rear sight and the front sight, while the target should be slightly blurry. Much attention is paid to the front sight at this moment, it helps to determine the position of the weapon to the target.
  4. Target hit location. It has three points of contact: you can aim directly at the center, under the bull's eye, just below the bull's-eye. Shooting from a pneumatic gun involves the direction of the front sight approximately in the middle of the white part of the target.
  5. Concentration. To do this, before shooting, make sure that the front sight is installed exactly in the slot of the rear sight; to be calm, because stress can trigger the trigger or squeeze the weapon, trembling will begin and the target will be lost.

After these points, training in pistol shooting begins. It includes:

  1. Arms in the hand. Middle and ring fingers, little finger should grasp the outer and front parts of the handle. The index should be located outside the trigger guard. This method of holding the gun gives the maximum number of levers that is necessary to reduce swing during recoil.
  2. The position during the shooting. You need to stand up straight, put your feet on the ground and point the gun at the target.
  3. Aim.
  4. Pull the trigger and fire a shot. This must be done confidently, without sudden movements. Press only on the front of the trigger. First, resistance will be felt.

These steps show only in general how to shoot a pistol. In more detail, of course, trainers and mentors tell directly in the classroom.

Why practical shooting?

One of the main differences from other sports disciplines is originality and freestyle. Practical pistol shooting is also beneficial in improving overall health, strength and dexterity, as well as developing resistance to stress, concentration and self-control. In addition, it is difficult to overestimate the skill of safe handling of weapons.


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