The timbre is called the coloring of the sound, its brightness, warmth, softness and personality. The sound of the voice is characterized by the main tone and a number of overtones (additional sounds). A large number of overtones gives brightness and richness to the sound palette.
The timbre of the voice depends on the structure of the vocal cords of a person. Very rarely are people with the same sound. It is rather difficult to change the voice, although a person can improve his coloring with the help of certain exercises. To do this, you can do the exercises recommended by vocal teachers, regularly recite and sing, sing mantras.
Timbral color depends on the shape and volume of the oral cavity, the closure density of the ligaments, the shape and volume of the trachea. The sound and timbre of the voice often indicates the work of the whole human body. Its uniqueness is determined by the structure of the organs of speech and the state of the nervous system. Thanks to the work in different modes, the speech apparatus gives the timbre various variations. Almost any voice can be delivered (given the correct sound), learn to control its frequency and, consequently, its emotional coloring, which will be appropriate in certain situations.
By timbre, one can judge the state of a person. The sound worsens with fatigue, depression, shyness, anger, and other psychological conditions. With a good mood, self-confidence, the sound becomes more transparent and cleaner.
Common flaws in the timbre are shortness of breath, harshness, hoarseness, and nasal congestion. Shortness of breath indicates frequent inhalation and exhalation, so when talking, you need to try to control their rhythm. Sharpness occurs due to too strong closure of the ligaments, which often occurs with nervousness and overstrain. It is permanent and short-term. A piercing voice often characterizes grumpy people. Hoarseness occurs most often with insufficient vibration of the vocal cords. This can be with diseases of the throat or with overwork of the ligaments. Vomiting is the strong transmission of a stream of air through the nasal cavity. It appears in people who have a certain property of this cavity: the flow of air into it is more free than its outlet. This phenomenon is often observed with a runny nose or sinusitis.
The society has traditionally developed some stereotypes of perception of a sound. Thus, high intonation is associated by people with youth and passivity, therefore, the owners of a high timbre of voice are treated as unripe individuals. Often this sound causes many unpleasant emotions. Very low timbre, especially without modulation, is very difficult to listen to. Its owners are unpleasant to listen to and are perceived as uninteresting and boring interlocutors. The sharp tone of voice almost always makes an unpleasant impression. Its owners are associated with highly irritable and nervous people, therefore they are treated with prejudice. The sound with some aspiration has a pronounced sexual connotation, so it is often poorly perceived in ordinary everyday life.
The timbre of the voice with the correct modulation of low and high tones is considered ideal for the human ear. To characterize different sounds, stage scenes of timbre types are often used, although more common names are often used. Stage voice timbre (types): gold, velvet, silver, copper. The usual division of sound: hard, rich, soft, hard, weak, cold, heavy. Singing voices are often subdivided into pleasant, metallic, melodic, soft, deaf. Their main classification is determined by the pitch. Male voices are divided into:
- bass (very low, sometimes central (low) and melodious (high));
- baritone (subdivided into lyrical and dramatic);
-tenor (the highest, it is lyrical and dramatic).
Women's voices are divided into:
- contralto (low);
- soprano (very high, its types: lyrical, dramatic, coloratura).
Children's singing voice is divided into alt (low) and treble (high).