Foster care is ... Definition of a concept, differences from other forms

Foster care is a form of placement of orphans that involves the presence of a guardian in the family. The child begins to master communication techniques, learns to recognize his own and others' emotions. A person who has reached the age of majority, who has a desire to engage in the education of children and their socialization, can become a guardian. Permission for the implementation of foster care must be issued by employees of guardianship and trusteeship. This form of the device is carried out under mandatory control by the institution itself, where the child has been all this time. The patronage is regulated by Article 14 of the Federal Law No. 48 and the Family Code. All adult responsibilities are prescribed in the contract and monitored by guardianship authorities.

family values

If a person for some reason ceases to cope with the task, they can even be freed from previously agreed responsibilities. The Foster Care Act allows this. If you cancel the adoption, it sometimes becomes an extremely difficult task, then in this case it is much easier to do. Moreover, people themselves decide when to start and finish their educational activities.

Patronage Features

When choosing a patronage, you need to remember what a serious task you are facing. You can’t just take children from orphanages without realizing how much effort will be required. Foster care is a big responsibility. In this case, the adult tries to combine two roles: parental and educational. This is not always easy to do. Typically, people who want to make happy a large number of orphans, but do not have the opportunity to adopt or take custody of each of them, decide on patronage. In some cases, it turns out that it is much easier to become a foster carer than a full-fledged parent. Let us consider in more detail the features of this form of device for children.

Conclusion of an agreement

In contrast to adoption and guardianship, a document is drawn up here confirming that a particular citizen assumes certain obligations. An agreement on foster care is drawn up, which clearly spells out all the main points. An adult who decides to devote himself to raising children needs to carefully analyze the opportunities available and consider his resources from different angles.

child with parents

After all, it is better to play it safe than to discover later that you are categorically unable to cope with the situation. Of course, you can refuse, but it will not look very beautiful on the part of an adult who is aware of the full depth of the situation. In addition, children in any case become strongly attached to their guardian, and separation and termination of interaction will become a serious injury to them.

Free courses

Anyone who wishes to engage in foster care of a child has the right to receive the necessary information. It is necessary in order to measure their own forces in advance. Training is free, as people express a desire to do daily work, which can hardly be somehow estimated in monetary terms. Foster care of a child in a family is always fraught with difficulties. For this reason, employees of guardianship and trusteeship bodies are obliged to carry out certain preparatory explanatory work. Free courses will come in handy in this case. They will provide an opportunity to measure their own strengths, decide on immediate plans.

Friendly family

If, as a result of preparatory work, a person feels within himself the strength to act, then additional opportunities will open before him. When people come to the realization that they are in a hurry, this is also a kind of result that must be taken into account. It is better to discover the inability to work with children at the initial stage than to remain in illusions about one's own abilities. Self-deception is always followed by cruel disappointment.

Receiving benefits

When drawing up a foster care contract, guardians can rely on certain cash payments. And this is more than fair. As a rule, the funds themselves will never be superfluous, since significant amounts are spent monthly for the maintenance of the child. Receiving benefits many motivates to begin to carry out such activities. It is clear that people are primarily attracted not by the possibility of stable payments, but by their own implementation of internal resources. A person wants to feel someone needs, significant, wants to take on a large share of responsibility. Motivation is supported by the desire to be useful, to participate in the life of the child. Foster care is always a difficult job. It is important that it is built on something, and not be based on only one sheer enthusiasm. Such newly-made parents must be tried in every possible way to support. Anyone who decides to devote himself to raising others' children definitely deserves respect. In foster families, there can be a large number of children on foster care. Similar cases when people decided not to stop at one or two wards are common.

Official employment

This is an important circumstance that must be taken into account immediately. The provision on foster care necessarily indicates that a citizen who undertakes raising children in the form of a foster care will have official employment. We can assume that he becomes an ordinary teacher, only his activities are aimed at children from the orphanage. This means that a person gains the right to take legal paid leave or sick leave during the period necessary for himself. Official employment will provide an opportunity to calmly deal with children, while not losing work experience. This is a very good circumstance, which is taken into account when concluding the contract.

Social support

The help of a psychologist, a lawyer can sometimes be invaluable. When the problem only grows and worsens over time, the intervention of professionals is required. The law on foster care implies that a person can always seek specialist advice. In practice, complex situations are often encountered that require professional literacy among legal and psychological workers. The educator should be able to get the necessary information on time, consult. If the situation gets out of control, then it's time to act, despite doubts, fears and prejudices.

mother and child

When preparing for foster parenting, you need not only to imagine what you will face. It is very important to feel support from the outside, to know that you are not alone in your problems. Only in this case can we really come to the right decision, which will be based on love and true acceptance.

Positive experience

This refers to the work of the educator. Admittedly, it is very difficult, because children from orphanages often not only have strangeness in behavior, but also differ in certain features. Such an educator will not have days off and holidays, since children need to be brought up all the time, regardless of the calendar days. To some, such a prospect may seem like an overwhelming burden. Having gained positive experience in education, an adult becomes more confident in himself, begins to think about more global things. Often, after going through certain difficulties with a child from an orphanage, people no longer want to stop at the result.

child upbringing

Subsequently, they decide on adoption, some take custody of several children. Such achievements in matters of foster parenting cannot but rejoice. Today, there are even foster care centers in which people combine their efforts and opportunities in order to achieve a satisfactory result. Such ideas do not go unnoticed by caring people.

Baby benefits

Parenting has many advantages for the child himself. It is definitely better than staying in an orphanage for many years. Gaining experience of living in a family, the child learns to build relationships with others, to trust the situation itself. This is extremely important, especially when a dysfunctional environment has influenced him for many years in a row. In the orphanage, children, on the contrary, learn to defend their positions and defend themselves from the attacks of stronger classmates. Faced with a completely different experience, a person can completely change his life for the better. Foster care is a huge advantage for a child. Let us consider in more detail what they are.

Personality development

The child, falling into the family of the guardian, begins to learn new behavior, which before was completely unfamiliar to him. He suddenly discovers that now his abilities have increased: they take care of him, pay attention to his mood, individual desires, etc. Over time, such children begin to gradually become aware of themselves from the position of unique personalities. In the most general case, they understand their own value and try to position themselves with others from the best side. The more the caregiver pays attention to the development of personality, the better.

Benefits and Benefits

Orphans are legally provided for the payment of benefits. This is an important factor that should be taken into account. The child has the right to benefits, which makes it possible, for example, to study for free at an institute or college. These conditions must be used. Even if children do not show special talents, they still have some of their own abilities. It is on them that one should pay paramount attention. To correctly use the appropriate benefits, you must have some legal and psychological literacy.

Comfortable conditions

The transition to foster care means that the child will receive the care and attention he needs. Being in comfortable conditions, he begins to reveal himself as a person. Children really have good chances for self-realization, because they no longer hide the potential in themselves, but express it. In comfortable conditions conducive to development, individual aspirations quickly find their embodiment in reality. The child should feel support from the adult, to know that he is truly loved and understood. For example, foster care in Kazakhstan is currently not very common due to the fact that people do not have enough knowledge about it.


Meanwhile, this form of placement of orphans along with guardianship and adoption contributes to successful socialization. Acquiring social skills is extremely important for a happy life. While in the family, the child learns to interact effectively with others.

Adult requirements

The transfer of a child or children to foster care is accompanied by a number of organizational issues. The potential guardian has rather stringent requirements. It is necessary to understand in advance that not every citizen will be able to act as an effective educator. You need to try to correlate your desires with the available opportunities in advance. Only then will the process make a big sense. What are the requirements put forward by the guardianship authorities? Let's try to figure it out.

Own housing

In order to be able to adopt a child into your family, you must have personal space. It is advisable that the guardian own his own apartment, but if it is not, then rented accommodation is suitable. An adult should be aware of how much responsibility he takes on his shoulders. Such a high demand is dictated by the need to provide the child with everything that he needs. When a person has personal housing, then children adopted by the family have more space and opportunities for development.

Sufficient income

To be able to provide a child with all the benefits, you need to have a constant wage. Low income will not satisfy the significant needs of one or more children. For this reason, people with low salaries, unfortunately, are denied foster care. No matter how insulting, it is recommended first to increase the level of personal income, and then begin to apply for an orphan. Do not be offended and consider such demands unfair.

acceptance and love in the family

Indeed, a child will need to acquire a lot of things for full development, which is unlikely to be possible if the official salary does not even correspond to the necessary subsistence level. Today, finding a side job is not so difficult. The main thing is aspiration and conscious desire.

No criminal record

The guardianship and trusteeship authorities pay attention to this factor in the first place. Unfortunately, those who once served their sentences are prohibited from adopting or other forms of placement of children in the family. So the law is trying to protect the child from receiving secondary negative experiences. No one will understand how justly a person was convicted, the fact itself is important.

Lack of negative adoption experience

Also an important factor, which is of great importance. If an adult once took a child to be raised from an orphanage and did not cope with this task, then in the future he is unlikely to be able to obtain permission for a second action. Only those citizens who do not have such experience will be able to become foster carers. Similar restrictions are made in the interests of the child himself.

Thus, in order to become a foster carer, you need to analyze your capabilities well. Children are not toys, experiments are not allowed here.


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