Didactic speech therapy games are designed for children aged three to seven years. They should help kids correctly form the structure of the word, be able to distinguish sounds by ear and divide the words into syllables. Speech therapy sessions with a child should be carried out by a qualified employee, and didactic play will help to consolidate knowledge at home. With your own hands it can be done without much effort.
Why do you need didactic games
It can be difficult for some kids to focus on the material the educator talks about. Therefore, so that the child can perceive the information and understand everything, without being distracted or tired, teachers use didactic games for children as working material.
Speech therapy games help to eliminate problems in the development of speech, the correct formation of sounds and how well the child will be able to distinguish hearing sounds. Similar games can be used both in a kindergarten by a speech therapist or educator, or by parents at home to consolidate material, especially since making speech therapy didactic games with your own hands is quite simple. You can come up with your own script, which will be based on the individual characteristics and preferences of your particular baby.
All speech therapy games can be divided into several groups depending on the direction in which you need to deal with children. Here are the most basic ones:
- the formation of phonemic hearing in children through games;
- developing activities that correct pronunciation of sounds;
- games that promote the formation of coherent speech;
- actions that develop fine motor skills ;
- stutter correction through simple games;
- the formation of a sense of rhythm in children;
- the formation of speech in babies 3-4 years old;
- the formation of speech in children 5-7 years old;
- games for the development of mentally retarded children;
- classes necessary to improve spatial orientation and determine the shape of objects.
For classes with a child, a certain group of games is selected that is most relevant in a particular situation. For each group, parents can make a didactic game with their own hands, based on the features of the development of the baby.
Musical didactic games
There is a huge selection of musical didactic games for children of different ages, which, depending on the direction, will help kids develop hearing, rhythm and speech. All classes are held in the form of games using any musical instrument at home or in a group in the kindergarten, as well as using a simple toy that the child really likes. Musical didactic games created with your own hands will be aimed at eliminating the speech problems of your particular baby.
The simplest example: children are offered 5-7 items that make sounds of different keys. The child is allowed to listen to how each object sounds, then he must turn away, and the adult, choosing one of the elements, knocks on it. The child by ear should be able to determine which thing was chosen.
How are developing speech therapy games
Didactic do-it-yourself play can be made from improvised materials available in almost every house in which there are children.
First of all, it is colored paper, white and color thick cardboard, scissors, felt-tip pens and pencils, PVA glue, you can also use fabric, buttons, rustling paper or candy wrappers from sweets, laces, Velcro and much more.
Game "Colors and Sizes". Circles of different diameters are cut out of colored paper. For the manufacture of didactic material, no more than 6 primary colors are selected. Cut circles are mixed, and the child is invited to divide them by color and size.
The game "Find a couple" develops attention and helps in the study of colors. On a thick cardboard, any figures are drawn, for example, cars of different sizes, and then painted in different colors so that each vehicle in size and color has exactly the same pair.
The game "Dominoes". You can take plain paper, which is then glued to cardboard. A sheet of paper is drawn into small rectangles, divided in the middle by a line into 2 equal parts. For this game, you will need 4-8 different patterns with the images that your child likes best. It can be fruits, vegetables, animals, cartoon characters, etc. Pictures can be created by yourself, but can be found on the Internet and printed. One of the images is glued to each half of the rectangle so that there are two on the figure. The task of the baby is to make a chain of dominoes, putting the edges with the same patterns to each other.
The game "Lacing". On thick cardboard, you can print or draw a shoe, making small holes where you need to thread the lace to "lace up" the shoe. For this game, you can use a thick thread with a hard tip or a regular lace. The main thing is that it is easy for the child to thread it through the holes.
A didactic game created with your own hands will cost you much cheaper. In addition, when connecting fantasy, you can make such material that you can not buy in any store.