Domain and hosting is an interesting topic that will fill in the gaps in the moments associated with working on the Internet. For businessmen, it may be very beneficial to place their goods or services in a virtual store. For the rest of the public, it is considered a sign of good taste to have a website on the Internet, in the worst case, your own blog, or, at worst, a page in Odnoklassniki or LJ.
In order for your site / blog / store to be easily found on the vast expanses of the network - he needs to come up with an address that would be memorable, characterize the owner and, if possible, also have an advertising component. Now we have come close to the definition of "domain".
At its core, a domain (domain name) is the address of a resource: website, blog, online store, search engine, postal service, etc. In order for a visitor to visit your site, he needs to enter this address in the line of his Internet browser. Example: in order to get to the resource called "fb.ru", you need to dial its address. By accessing this resource, a visitor can find an incredible number of informative articles on a variety of topics, for those who like to write here there is an opportunity to place their copyright texts absolutely free and, if there is journalistic talent, get a wide readership.
We smoothly approached another interesting point: domains are of the first, second or third level.
- First level domains: ru, com, org, gov, net, etc. Buying a first-level domain name is not available to a private person.
- Second-level domains look like this: xxxxx.ru, xxxxx.com, xxxxx.org.
- Third-level domains look like this: yyy.com.ua or, for example, zzz.kiev.ua.
- In some cases, hosters may provide a free domain name to users of their resource. For example, Google for its bloggers.
- xxxxx.blogspot.com, where xxxxx is your unique address, the rest is the hosting address where your resource is located.
Domains are paid and free. First-level domains are regularly replenished, the prices for their registration can be easily found on the Internet. The price range allows everyone to find "their own happiness." Domains of the first level “with experience” - time-tested net, org, com, gov, ru.
For serious projects, it is advisable to use paid domains of the second or third level. This rule is not mandatory, it simply indicates the serious intentions of the owner of the resource. Special organizations - registrars register domain names. As a rule, paid names are bought for a certain period. On average, it is 12 months, after which it is necessary to renew registration (pay for use for another year or two). Otherwise, this name will become free over time and anyone else can buy it.
The words “host”, “hoster”, “hosting” have already flashed several times. What is it? Host / hosting is the physical placement of your information on their servers by companies that specialize in this type of service. Such companies are called “hosters”; they provide a whole range of services: a content management system, access to a server, technical support, ensuring uninterrupted 24-hour availability of equipment, etc. In some cases, it may also be a free third-level domain.
Hosting (like a domain) can also be paid or free. It all depends on the tasks that you set for your resource. Paid hosting is more stable, faster, round-the-clock support and access to site management are also an additional argument for.
Now Russian domains are gaining increasing popularity - names that are written in Cyrillic (Russian letters). In particular, the first level domains were replenished with the name of the Russian Federation, which since 2010 has become available to users of the Runet.
Not without its national characteristics: the people showed Russian ingenuity and began to massively buy out the names promoted on .ru with the aim of further resale at speculative prices. The first wave of enthusiasm subsided. As it usually happens, the innovation has both supporters and opponents. Which of them is right - time will tell.