A noose is a knot that is dragging on under load and easily untied after its disappearance. It takes its roots from the time of the appearance of mankind, since it requires a minimum of material and skills to knit it. Over the past millennia, mankind has invented many reliable fasteners, honing their skills in all kinds of situations, and knitting has become a real art in many areas.
The best known knots appeared in ancient Greece and Rome after studying navigation. Indeed, the main purpose of any marine unit is to ensure the safety of securing cargo and objects under load in the most extreme weather conditions. Therefore, the difference between the sea knot and the usual one lies primarily in its strong and reliable fastening, as well as the ability to quickly and easily untie the knot if necessary.
That is why the skills of knitting marine knots come in handy on the farm, fishing, hunting, in construction, repair and so on. In fact, the scope of these nodes is not limited. So, it will be useful for every real man to know how to knit a noose knot.
The main types of knot-frogs
For centuries, hundreds of varieties of protracted nodes have been invented, which continue to replenish. But they are based on only a few basic principles that have proven themselves well and are now actively applied in work and everyday life. In order to figure out how to knit knotted noises, it is necessary to dwell on the basic principles of tying them.
As previously mentioned, the oldest and most time-tested nodes are sea nodes. The main types of marine drag nodes that are most used include the following:
- scaffold or regular noose loop;
- fastening a noose-loop to a support or a Zimmermann knot;
The following are the terms used in the knotting instructions. They are necessary for a correct understanding of the described methods of knitting:
- Running end - the end of the rope, which is not fixed and can be freely used for knitting.
- The root end is the end of the rope, which is fixedly fixed and located on the opposite end. The root end is also used in knitting and remains stationary.
- A closed loop is formed when one of the ends of the rope crosses with itself.
- An open loop is the bent end of a rope that does not intersect with itself.
Ordinary noose loop, or scaffold knot
First you need to figure out how to knit a noose-knot according to the example of a usual noose-loop. In sailing, it is called the “scaffold” knot. He got this name because of his addictive properties of the loop under the pressure of the weight of the item. This knot is considered strong enough and reliable to withstand extreme pressure on the rope, and is widely used for fastening various kinds of objects.
Below is a step-by-step instruction with a photo on how to knit a scaffold marine knot-choke:
- Give the rope the shape of the letter "Z".
- Wrap the center end with the running end, leaving loops on the sides.
- Insert this end into the right loop on the front.
- Tighten the left loop.
- Adjust the required diameter of the left loop.
It should be noted that this instruction is intended for right-handed people. Left-handed people need to do all the described actions in a "mirror" order.
There is another way, how to knit a scaffold marine knot-choke:
- A loop forms.
- The center of the loop is wrapped clockwise with the running end of the rope, leaving two loops at the edges.
- The running end of the rope is threaded into the upper loop from the back.
- The lower loop is stretched by hand until the upper loop is tightened.
It turns out a self-tightening loop that has the ability to move freely along the rope.
Attaching a noose loop to a support, or Zimmermann knot
The next marine knot, which also needs to be learned to knit, is called the Zimmermann noose. This site is designed to securely fasten the rope to any part of the terrain or support. Such a node is useful not only for sailors, but also for tourists, climbers, and people of other professions.
The following is the sequence of how to tie a Zimmermann nodal knot-knot :
- The rope encircles the support.
- The running end is thrown over the root and wound three to four times around itself.
- A control knot is tied, namely, the rope is double-wound in one place and tightened. With the ultimate pressure on the rope close to breaking, two control knots can be tied.
- The noose is being pulled.
The main advantage of this unit is the rope tension passing through the loop at an angle, which guarantees its easy opening without load.
This is an ancient Greek knot connecting two ropes. To obtain the desired result, it is necessary that both ropes be equally plastic and with a similar diameter.
A straight knot is often used and easily tied, but does not differ in reliability: in the event of wetting or under the influence of loads, the knot slides and is tightened strongly. The consequence of such significant shortcomings was its rare use in complex and hazardous work.
Almost everyone knows how to knit a stranglehold knot of this kind: two ropes are twisted and tightened twice. But often a mistake is made leading to the weakening of the entire assembly design. Therefore, it is necessary to dwell separately on how to correctly knit a marine knot-choke of this type.
So, when the ends are intertwined a second time and tightened, then instead of a direct knot, a “babi” knot is obtained that does not have strength. It is also difficult to untie after heavy loads.
To get a direct knot, you need to bend the loop on the first weave, and by the other end go around the loop from the inside to the outside. As a result, the ends are pulled together and form a straight knot.
The G8 is a simple and practical marine unit used as a fastener or stop. Its features include not only the absolute impossibility of displacement and dissolving under load, but also the ease of untying even when wet. It is this simple maritime knot that is the basis of many others.
The following is a step-by-step instruction on how to knit a figure eight marine knot-choke:
- Bring the running end of the rope under the root end, forming a loop.
- Put the running end on the main.
- Pass the running end under the loop and thread it.
- Pull both ends.
It got its name thanks to the company "Stevedore Roops", the first to release a guide on knitting knots. Usually he performs locking tasks and is similar in shape to the "eight". But upon release from the load, the stevedore node is much easier to untie.
The sequence of knitting stevedore node:
- The closed loop forms the running end of the rope and is wrapped three times around the root end.
- The running end is turned 180 ° and a loop is threaded from the back.
- The knot is pulled together.
The carabiner assembly consists of a figure eight into which a carabiner is fastened. After he outlines the support and fastens to the root end of the rope.
The advantages of such a fastening include a tight girth of the support, high reliability due to the low abrasion of the metal, easy pulling of the rope due to the good glide of the metal carabiner along the rope and easy untying of the assembly after loading. But the disadvantages of using a carabiner assembly include the need for a carabiner lock, which cannot be dispensed with.
It is widely used for joining thick ropes due to simple tying and untying, compact size and low abrasion of ropes.
So, to tie the dagger knot, you need to do the following:
- One end of the rope forms the “eight” (with the condition that the root end is located under its running end).
- Through the two loops of the "eight" is the running end of the second rope and outlines the root end of the first.
- After the running end of the second rope is threaded into the second upper semicircle of the "eight".
- The knot is tightened.
Only when the running ends of the ropes are directed in different directions from the axis of the node, is it tied correctly.
Known since the 18th century as a node designed to connect two ropes of different diameters. Its distinguishing features include high reliability and rope retention. It is convenient to tie such a marine knot-knot, and untie it even when wet.
And he fits as follows:
- The running end of the rope is folded with a closed loop. The root end of the rope should be under the running gear.
- The running end of the other rope is located diagonally over the closed loop and held below the running and over the root ends of the first rope.
- The running end of the first rope should form another loop located under the first loop, but above the root end of the second rope.
- The ends of both loops stretch to the sides, forming a knot.
By this name, this knot owes two tightening loops, which were used to tie the hands of violators of order. Hands were tied behind his back, and a rope was tied around his chest. Sailors use a “drunk” knot to secure the rope on two bases.
To get a “drunk” knot, you need to follow such instructions as in the instructions for knitting a sea knot-choke “drunk”, given below:
- The running end is folded in a spiral shape into two closed loops laid one on top of the other. The root end of the rope is located under the running end.
- The intersecting sides of the loops wind up into adjacent loops: one into the right loop and the other into the left.
- The hinges are pulled together and a locking knot is tied.
This article discusses only a small fraction of the tightening nodes. But it can be a guide on how to knit knotted noises, which are the main and most practical to use.