Total or partial loss of vision enables a person to draw up a visual impairment.
To begin with, it is worth noting that a person with persistent health problems that are associated with some defects, injuries or are the result of a serious illness is considered to be an invalid. If health problems lead to a limitation of life (for example, the patient loses the ability to self-orientate, communicate, etc.), then the patient has the right to social protection.
Unfortunately, visual impairment is not always easy to arrange. On the other hand, some patients do not even suspect that they can receive social assistance from the state. Therefore, the following information will be very useful for sick people, as well as for their relatives and guardians.
Vision Disability: Criteria
It is worth noting that even complete blindness of one eye is not always the reason for getting a disability group. To begin with, the patient should be examined by an ophthalmologist, and the main attention during examination is given to the eye whose vision is better.
If the visual acuity of a healthier eye is from 0.1 to 0.3, then a third group of disability can be established . Disorders of the organs of vision are considered moderate, since a person only partially loses the ability to self-service.
The visual impairment of the second group can be established in cases where violations in the body are more serious. Visual acuity in this case is from 0.05 to 0.1.
The first group of disabilities is provided to patients with severe injuries and impaired visual function (including complete blindness). As a rule, such patients cannot live and provide for themselves.
But it is worth noting that visual impairment, or rather the possibility of obtaining a group, is a long and individual process. Indeed, in such cases, they take into account not only the state of health, but also study the medical record and medical history, as well as living conditions, age and some social criteria.
How to get visual disability ?
As already mentioned, first of all, you need to contact an optometrist. After a thorough examination, the doctor will tell you if the patient is eligible for a disability. If the result of the examination is positive (the design of the group is possible), then the patient must undergo a complete medical examination, including taking tests. If any problems are found with other organ systems, additional studies may also be prescribed to the patient, including X-ray and ultrasound.
After that, the attending optometrist should draw up a report on the state of human health and give a recommendation for the design of a particular disability group. In the clinic you should also be referred to the bureau of medical and social examination. All documents must be signed by the head physician.
At the bureau of medical and social examination, the patient should also be examined by a local ophthalmologist. Only after this and, of course, if there are indications, can a patient be assigned a disability group.