Interior partitions have long been built not of brick and concrete, but of lighter and more affordable materials. It can be, for example, gypsum cardboard so popular today. Over time, new technologies began to appear in the field of construction. They are becoming increasingly popular due to the simplicity of the erection process and cost-effectiveness. But these two factors are one of the important.
Plasterboard partition is quite light. She does not exert pressure on the floor. Many are attracted by the environmental friendliness of drywall, which can be used in rooms for various purposes. It can even be a bathroom or kitchen, where conditions are characterized by high humidity.
If you want to make the partition fireproof, you should purchase material with the appropriate characteristics. Such drywall provides a high level of fire resistance, therefore, complies with the rules and standards of fire safety.
Installation of the frame for plasterboard partitions
Before you start work, you should consider a photo of the drywall interior partitions. With your own hands, such designs in this case will be quite simple to erect. The basis will be a frame, which is made of metal profiles or wooden blocks. These two options are quite common, but preferably a metal profile. This is due to the fact that wood can change its size under the influence of temperature and humidity. This entails the possibility of gaps between the sheets.
If these materials are compared for durability, then the wood loses. Metal profiles have corresponding holes for laying electrical networks. This also includes their added advantage. If you are new to the field of repair and construction, then you should familiarize yourself with the technology. Its first stage involves marking. It is applied to the ceiling and floor. It is important to draw two identical lines that will determine the location of the partition. It will have to be in a vertical plane.
On the ceiling you need to draw a line that will be perpendicular to the walls. From this line, using a plumb line, it is necessary to lower several points along which you can draw a line on the floor. If the ceiling and floor have an uneven surface, then first you need to eliminate errors.
In the article you can find photos of the drywall interior partitions. With their own hands, such designs are being built today by home craftsmen. You too can follow suit. The next stage of the technology involves the installation of metal ceiling profiles, which are fixed to the surface with self-tapping screws. You will need a screwdriver and hammer drill for this. Between fasteners, a distance of 30 to 40 cm should be maintained.
The fastening of profiles should be given special importance, because they will bear the main load. Then you can proceed with the installation of uprights. The step between them is determined by the width of the drywall. A vertically mounted web should rest on 3 vertical profiles. Two of them will be located at the edges of the sheet, and the other in the center. Two adjacent canvas edges should lie on one profile. The installation of vertical racks must be carried out from one of the walls where the wall profile will be located. It is fixed to the wall with screws. It is necessary to postpone 60 cm from it, which is 1/2 the width of the sheet.
If you decide to install your own interior partition with a door, then the latter should be addressed in the next step. Structural profiles will be the most loaded, so their installation must be given special importance. These elements must face the shelf towards the opening.
In order to achieve rigidity and strength, a wooden beam is inserted into the profile, which is fastened with self-tapping screws. The size of the timber should match the parameters of the internal opening of the profile. The installation of screws is best done on the side shelves. The formation of the doorway is carried out by a cross member, which will determine the height of the doors. A U-shaped structure is made from the profile for this, which is installed and fixed upside down.
The width of the doorway will determine the size of the horizontal shelf. If you decide to install the interior partition with your own hands, step-by-step instructions for a start should be studied. After reading it, you can find out that the opening can have an arch. Instead of a cross-beam, in this case an arched structure is installed. You can make it from the profile, but it will be important to maintain the configuration. In the process, wedges are cut out in the profile, along the borders of which the element can be bent. For this, it is most convenient to use metal scissors. After that, you can set any radius along which the arch is formed. It is important to eliminate the violation of structural rigidity. However, drywall will also give rigidity and strength.
By installing the interior partition in the house with your own hands, at the next stage you can do the skinning of the frame. Fastening of sheets is carried out by self-tapping screws. If the design has only one doorway, then the work will be easier. But sometimes the partition also has windows.
Production of a wooden frame partition
For the manufacture of partitions based on the frame, it is necessary to prepare a strapping of timber. Its size will depend on the weight and parameters of the partition. For frame ribs and load-bearing beams, a beam of the same cross section should be used. You can reduce the cost of the structure by using bars of a smaller cross-section for casing.
Wooden interior partitions with their own hands are quite often made by home craftsmen. At the first stage, they advise you to prepare:
- plumb line;
- a screwdriver;
- a saw;
- metal corners;
- self-tapping screws;
- mounting dowels;
- wood screws.
It is better if the partition is installed on the rough floor - it is better not to use the finish coating for this purpose. In the first case, you can see the lags. If the need arises, then you can install an additional beam with the help of crossbars. Mounting rails to the floor can be carried out in different directions.
If the room has high ceilings, then the partition will weigh quite a lot. The base in this case is strengthened. For this, an additional beam is installed. If partitions are installed on the second floor, it is better to build a lightweight structure. The next step is to markup. To do this, the cord is pulled between two walls, and a line is drawn along it.
Mounting should begin from the ceiling if rails are installed on the floor and walls. Between the edges of the frame should be such a step that will correspond to the width of the sheathing sheets. However, this parameter should not be made larger than 600 mm.
Before you make an interior partition with your own hands, you must take care of the presence of a plumb line and the level with which you can monitor the accuracy of the installation. Once the frame is installed, all its parts are treated with an antiseptic. If necessary, the internal space can be filled with insulation. For fastening, a special mesh is usually used. A steel wire is pulled between the rails. For fixing, you can use any other convenient method. At the next stage, the partition is sheathed with the selected material.
The partition can be based on foam blocks, it can also be aerated concrete. For the work should be prepared:
- tile glue;
- rebar segments;
- reinforcing mesh;
- steel bars.
You will also need a primer for acrylic-styrene concrete.
The algorithm of work
An interior partition of blocks with your own hands can be made of foam block. But first you need to mark the location of the structure. Into the bearing walls they drive in segments of reinforcement. They should be in every three rows, which will ensure the reliability of the masonry. You can use other types of fasteners, such as screws, profiles or dowels.
The bars will have to go into the horizontal seam of the masonry. An alternative solution is aluminum flexible suspensions. Quite a few beginner home masters consider photos of interior partitions before work. With your own hands in this case, the work will be much easier. You too can follow the experience of home builders. Having familiarized yourself with the technology, you can proceed to the masonry. She is led along a fishing line or a taut cord. The surface of the floor is pre-primed, it must be clean and dry.
Blocks are laid apart, there should not be vertical seams. All seams are filled with mortar, voids are excluded. Reinforcement is carried out by masonry mesh. Fiberglass mesh or single rods can be used. Grooves are cut by a grinder. The first three rows are necessarily reinforced. Next, you can skip two rows. The last two are also reinforced.
Everything will depend on the size of the partition. The doorway is also subject to reinforcement. A clearance of a centimeter should be left to the surface of the ceiling. After it is filled with polyurethane foam. The erected wall is primed, in which case it is easier to plaster.
Partition in a wooden house
You can erect the interior partitions in a wooden house with your own hands. This technology is relevant when after construction there are planed or un planed boards. For the manufacture of designs suitable products, the width and thickness of which varies from 150 to 200 and from 50 to 60 mm, respectively. Boards are interconnected by a dowel. Before finishing, the surface is plastered.
If planed boards are used in the work, then the finish can be fixed immediately. Do-it-yourself wood interior partitions are made in compliance with the technology. For example, it involves the application of plaster. In this case, the material may bend. In order to avoid such consequences, it is necessary to split the products with a hammer, and in the resulting cracks, hammer wooden wedges. Shields are also made from boards, which then form a partition. To do this, you can use a material with different thickness and length. In this case, you can take advantage of construction residues.
The most suitable for shields are boards whose thickness varies from 20 to 40 mm. If you look at the photos of interior partitions, you can do the work yourself. Shields, for example, are made of boards laid out in two or three rows. In order to provide sound and thermal insulation, cardboard or ruberoid can be laid between the layers. Parchment paper is also great. In exchange, you can use any heat-insulating material.
Sliding Partition Fabrication
For such a design, guides of the desired length will be needed. They are usually sold complete with gears. Such kits may include a mounting system. When choosing a mechanism, you should remember that rubber rollers and those that have a rubber coating wear out quickly. After several months of heavy use, such items may require repair or replacement. More durable are the metal rollers.
You can make a sliding interior partition with your own hands on the basis of a hinged or built-in mechanism. Mounted do not look very aesthetically pleasing, because they can be seen during operation. The built-in mechanism is hidden in the door, but its installation involves the selection of grooves, which will require a milling cutter. If you have experience in carpentry, you can do with a chisel.
The role of the partition will be MDF or particleboard. A lighter partition will be if it is made of wooden battens, glazing beads or plywood. For this, a frame is assembled from battens, which are connected using wood glue and spikes. In the frame, the plywood sheets are fixed and assembled into a frame. The surface for aesthetics is pasted over with a film or covered with fabric. You can order photo printing or coloring.
Making such an interior partition with your own hands, you must calculate the size of the sliding canvas. Its width is 7 cm larger than the opening and 15 cm higher if the structure does not rest against the ceiling. Otherwise, large gaps will occur.
Making a more expensive partition
Today, another method for manufacturing a sliding partition is known, which will cost more. However, the work here is much simpler. At the first stage, they take measurements. Then you can go to the workshop, where you will make the doors for the wardrobe. In the next step, you will need to attach the rails and mount the structure.
Furniture companies today offer facades for wardrobes in a wide range, it remains only to make a choice. Such work is more expensive, but the partitions look better and have an interesting design.
Work on a two-layer shield
Before you make an interior partition with your own hands, you must decide on the material. If it is wood, then the boards can have any thickness. They can form the basis of a shield, the thickness of which will be 40 mm or more. Elements are stacked vertically and connected by nails. Installation is carried out with a complete overlap of the joints.
On the sides of the shield should be protrusions from the boards of 25 mm. These quarters will allow for the interconnection of elements. As a result, you should get boards with a width of 0.6 m and a length of 1.5 m. For fastening, it is most convenient to use logs that are fixed to the floor and ceiling. In the lags, it is necessary to make grooves, where the partition is installed. Then the structure is covered with plaster or sheathed with drywall.
Installation of a three-layer shield
Do-it-yourself interior partition is quite simple, if you have an idea of technology. Boards can be stacked in 3 layers to get a shield. This will provide better sound insulation. The thickness of the used board can reach 25 mm. The lower and upper layers of the boards should be located vertically, while the middle - horizontally. The middle layer may be thinner than the side.
Mounting is carried out along the seam. Quarters are left at the edges, as in the case described above. They will allow you to fix the elements in a single design. When making an interior partition with your own hands, you will need to put roofing material or cardboard between the layers. Such shields are well soundproofed and can be used to partition the room for any purpose. At the final stage, the wall is covered with plaster on both sides.
Before you make a frame interior partition with your own hands, you must take into account some nuances. For example, it is important to pay attention to the floor, which can be laid with the help of a log on the ground. This happens during the construction of country houses. In this case, a separate beam is mounted to install the partition. The device is fixed so that a gap of 1 cm is provided between the ends of the beam and the partition. Otherwise, when the soil moves, the partition may be skewed.