Parenting begins with birth. Growing up, he begins to learn the world around him. At about 3-4 years old, the child goes to kindergarten. In the garden, he is given the necessary knowledge, skills that the child develops through the systematic repetition of the necessary exercises.
What is taught in kindergarten?
In kindergarten, a child learns before reaching the age of seven. After this, the child is sent to school, in first grade. In kindergartens, children are taught labor, elementary skills, and given the necessary knowledge.
At 3-4 years old, children learn to hold pens, pencils, spoons, etc. correctly, look after themselves and their clothes, get acquainted with numbers and letters, as well as with geometric shapes. To consolidate the knowledge gained and to summarize the existing knowledge, the teacher holds didactic games.
At 5-6 years old, children begin to prepare for admission to school. At this age, they learn to count within 10, compare objects, navigate in space, write graphic dictations and letters, read, perform crafts from geometric shapes, get acquainted with geometric bodies.
In addition to knowledge and skills, it is necessary to develop logical thinking in children . To teach them to think outside the box, to find extra objects or words. Logic needs to be developed with the help of certain didactic games aimed at this topic.
Concepts of Geometric Shapes
First of all, children are introduced to such figures as a square, circle, oval, rectangle, triangle. When preschoolers are well versed in them and can correctly name each, it is necessary to introduce new concepts: polygon, trapezoid and rhombus.
Having acquainted with the existing figures, the teacher not only repeats their names with the children, but also teaches how to make crafts from geometric figures, for example: a house, a tree, a chicken, a bunny, etc.
In the future, geometric figures will be found in tasks in mathematics, drawing, applications.
As soon as the children remember all the figures, the teacher introduces the concept of "geometric bodies". Geometric figures differ from geometric bodies, so the teacher draws the attention of preschoolers to their differences and features. It is very important to teach kids to draw figures on a sheet, as well as cut them out of colored paper.
When making paper crafts, geometric shapes must be placed in front of you for comparison or sample. In the first stages, you can use the templates for clarity.
If at the very beginning children only get acquainted with geometric bodies, then by the age of 5-6 they should be able to draw the desired shape, be able to cut it out. All work should take place without the help of adults or peers.
Also, at the age of 5-6 years, children should be able to perform crafts from volumetric geometric shapes. The work takes place under the supervision of a teacher and with step-by-step instructions.
- Preschoolers examine and analyze a pattern of work (specify which geometric shapes they will draw).
- Perform the drawing of the desired shape on colored paper.
- After making sure that all the figures are depicted correctly, cut out.
- Using glue, connect all the parts into a single whole.
- The work is ready, you can take the teacher.
As a result, children get the necessary voluminous crafts.
Crafts from geometric shapes
Any item can be represented using colored paper in the form of geometric shapes. The main thing is your imagination. For example, if you need to depict a house, then the walls, windows will be in the form of a square, the roof will be a triangle, the chimney and the door will be a rectangle. We "draw" a bear: head, paws, ears - a circle, nose - a triangle, and the body - a square. The fish: the body - triangles, eyes - circles.
The order of execution of crafts consisting of geometric shapes
- First you need to decide on the application.
- Having chosen the desired pattern, the children examine and name all the geometric shapes located in the picture.
- They select certain colors and draw the necessary shapes.
- Cut out each figure along the contour.
- Begin bonding parts. It is important to remember that at first the largest part is glued together, and small ones are superimposed on top of it.
- When doing the work, the children demonstrate the crafts to the teacher.
Thus, performing crafts from geometric figures, children develop fine motor skills of their hands, as well as skills in working with geometric material. Using your imagination, you can depict any application from the desired figures.