Physical Education Medical Groups: Definition

The mandatory curriculum at the school includes physical education classes. Such lessons are held in order to fully develop the kids both mentally and physically. Among other things, physical education lessons make it possible to keep the body in good shape and maintain health, due to the need to spend most of the time in a sedentary position at the desk.

Physical education is safe for the majority of children. However, there is always a whole list of students who are forbidden to undergo certain stresses on the body. They are part of medical groups for physical education. Let's find out who belongs to this category of students, how health groups are formed in educational institutions.

What factors can affect the deterioration of the health of babies?

physical education in a special medical group
There are a number of points that can negatively affect a child’s health status :

  • the presence of poor heredity;
  • negative microclimate in the family;
  • poor living conditions;
  • lack of rest;
  • negative sanitary conditions in an educational institution or at home.

Criteria for dividing into health groups

The main indicator that is taken into account when deciding to enroll a student in a special group for physical education is the presence of deviations in the functioning of the determining systems of the body. Physical education in a special medical group can also be prescribed for babies who suffer from chronic ailments.

A special category also includes children, whose body is unable to fully resist certain environmental factors. In the medical groups for physical education, kids who have an insufficient level of physical development for their age can fall into physical education.

Baby Health Assessment

definition of a medical group for physical education
The definition of a medical group for physical education is as follows:

  1. Unhindered to carry out the program in physical education classes should be students who do not suffer from chronic ailments, and the level of their physical development corresponds to age norms.
  2. As potential candidates for admission to special groups, children with delayed physical development or the most insignificant deviations in health are considered.
  3. Medical groups for physical education include students with physical disabilities who are well-being. This may also include children who have a temporary disability and need to limit the load for a certain period.
  4. Patients with chronic ailments that are observed in hospitals are enrolled in special groups for classes according to an individual program.

Medical groups

medical groups for physical education
As you can see, students are divided into separate categories for attending physical education lessons according to an assessment of their health status and general preparedness. Medical groups for physical education are:

  • basic;
  • preparatory;
  • special.

In these medical groups, children are encouraged to perform a different amount of work. There are differences in the intensity of physical activity.

A special category of students includes children who are enrolled in a special group. Based on the assessment of the state of health, they can be defined in the physical education or treatment subgroup.

Next, we consider in more detail the features of physical education in each medical group.

Main group

physical education groups at dow
Students who are identified in this category are required to fully comply with the requirements that are presented at physical education classes. Here, teachers offer students work with the maximum allowable intensity of workloads, based on certain age characteristics.

In the classroom, children are required to perform a range of exercises:

  • general labor;
  • gymnastic;
  • sports and applied;
  • gaming.

The main medical groups for physical education at the school include students with a high and medium level of physical fitness, as well as children with a temporary or minor deviation in health status. Children are excluded from this category for whom during the course of classes the inability of the cardiovascular system to cope with the loads that meet the standard requirements of the generally accepted program is noted.

Preparatory group

medical groups for physical education at school
Preparatory medical groups for physical education include children who are required to carry out the program as prescribed by doctors based on the results of a medical examination. As in the previous case, students are offered the whole range of exercises. However, their intensity can be reduced by decision of the doctor, who is guided by the conclusions made during repeated medical examinations.

Preparatory medical groups for physical education in pre-school and secondary schools are formed of students who have a level of physical fitness below average and do not have serious diseases. Also, children with an average and high level of physical development, who for a given period of time suffer from deviations in their health status, can be enrolled here.

Special group

physical education medical groups
In the presented category of students are enrolled children who need classes according to special, individual programs, due to deviations in health status. According to the generally accepted requirements of medical supervision, such students are never completely exempted from physical education, although such practice takes place in domestic educational institutions. It is to this group of students that high-quality planned physical exercises are essential, which contribute to the restoration of health.

As noted above, in a special group of children are often distributed in physical or therapeutic subgroups. In the first case, students can study under the same conditions with classmates, but fulfill the requirements of an individual program.

As for the medical subgroups, they are formed from schoolchildren, who suffer from quite serious ailments, have significant deviations in physical development. Such children are prescribed extremely limited performance of intense, complex exercises. In some cases, physical education classes for them are conducted under the strict supervision of a teacher or a qualified medical specialist. As an alternative to physical training in an educational institution, babies are sometimes assigned to visit special dispensaries, where they work with them according to a special rehabilitation program.


The division of children into separate categories during physical education in an educational institution is a common practice. With significant progress in improving health, babies can be transferred to general groups. However, only according to the results of special examinations or according to the recommendations of doctors. According to generally accepted requirements, the transfer of students from one medical group to another is possible only after a comprehensive assessment of their health at the end of the academic quarter.


All Articles