The main task when arranging a summer cottage or a country house is autonomous water supply. Along with deep wells, traditional wells are by no means less popular. To protect against external factors, it is necessary to provide for the construction of additional structures. In addition to a protective canopy, a cover for the well is also installed.
Increased requirements for the quality of drinking water extracted from the soil determine the adoption of certain measures to prevent foreign objects and substances from entering it. It is for this purpose that a lid for the well (plastic) is installed on the upper part of the structure . And although this material appeared relatively recently, it has many qualities necessary for the operation of a source of drinking water.
Thanks to the emergence of many types of structures and manufacturing materials, owners of summer cottages have the opportunity to either independently make a protective element, or to purchase a ready-made factory model. In this case, you should pay attention to such qualities of the cover:
- Mechanical strength. There are frequent cases when a bucket of water can accidentally fall on the case. After such exposure, the lid should retain its integrity and original size.
- Failure to change characteristics due to exposure to temperatures, both low and high. Including these parameters should have decorative covers for wells.
- Operational properties. Of course, you should not resort to repairing or updating the appearance of a part very often.
Based on these requirements, we can distinguish several groups of materials that are used for the manufacture of protective structures for wells.
The cover on the well should not only perform protective functions, but also meet the aesthetic requirements of the owner. For centuries, traditional wooden boards have been used. And now you can often find such structures, both on old wooden log cabins, and on new ones. Currently, you can purchase a cover for a well of the following types:
The most common designs. In most cases, they have a rigid frame with an opening lid. In this case, the polymer material should not lose its properties due to direct sunlight, temperature differences, precipitation.
Along with these positive features of operation, it is necessary to note the affordable cost and a large selection of forms, including design ones.
They are made independently and are wooden flooring - solid or with a lifting lid. These models are used with non-standard sizes of the head (upper part), or if it is not possible to purchase factory copies. The advantages are the relative cheapness and availability of the material of manufacture. However, due to the rapid destruction of the fibrous structure of the boards, the operational life of the structure is short. In addition, she needs constant care - painting, removing damaged boards and replacing them with new ones.
Summing up, we can say that the cover for the well - plastic - is the best choice for protecting the structure.
If you need to purchase a factory model, then you should know the basic parameters. As a manufacturing material, it is recommended to choose polymer structures. However, for the right choice, you need to know the basic technological and operational parameters of the cover.
Defining are the shape and size. If the upper part of the well is made in the form of a cube, then the cover, respectively, should be chosen square. Its plane can completely cover all structural elements or just a shaft with water. If there is a protective visor, decorative covers are installed on the well, which are necessary to prevent debris from entering the water.
Selection and installation
How to determine the size and design of the hatch? To do this, you need to know the dimensions of the site on which it will be installed, and the diameter of the well shaft. After measuring these parameters, select the appropriate cover for the well.
Installation of the design involves several stages:
- Cleaning the top of debris and dust.
- Leveling the surface with a planer (wooden blockhouse) or by pouring concrete screed (reinforced concrete ring).
- Installing the cover on the well. After careful adjustment, the structure is fixed with mounting dowels.
- Checking the opening of the lid for functionality.
At the end of the installation, it is recommended to wait a while - construction debris, which will inevitably fall into the well shaft, should settle to the bottom. This will take 2-3 hours.
Do it yourself
But what if you need a special cover for the well? Do it yourself with your own hands using a tree. For this, the dimensions of the formwork are measured and a drawing of the future cover is made.
Planks are printed on a wooden frame of beams of 40x40 mm. A lifting cover is installed on a previously marked location. It is connected to the structure using loops. To improve the tightness of the surface can be beaten with any moisture resistant material. Most often, roofing material is used for this. Installation is completely similar to the above method.
A quality cover for a well can be made independently or purchased at a store. The choice depends entirely on the requirements of the owner of the site, its financial capabilities and taste.