Recently, more and more often, ceilings have been finished with whitewash, paint or photo wallpaper. These options are used in apartments, while in private and country houses, ceiling filing is used with a board. This gives the room warmth and comfort. In addition, wood is a natural material, which means it creates a good microclimate. Before you can bind the ceiling with a board, you should pick up wood. It should be flat. Otherwise, alignment is required.
Which board to choose
Quite often, consumers are wondering which ceiling boards to use. The most popular are grooved boards and lining today, the last of which is also called euro-lining. An ordinary lining is narrowish and has a relatively weakly pronounced texture. Its surface can be painted, achieving an interesting effect of alternating stripes. The material will have a different tonality.
If you want to create a beam hemming structure, you can use a deck board. Sometimes choose parquet or laminate. To decorate the interior, you can use chipped timber. With its help, a unique pattern is created on the surface.
Preparation for work
At the first stage, you need to take care of the availability of the tool, namely:
- a cord;
- a pencil;
- with a hammer.
The hacksaw can be replaced with a chainsaw, if available in your arsenal. Such a tool can even be rented. When filing, lumber is most often used, which is a planed sheet pile. Its width should be 100 mm, while the thickness can vary from 16 to 22 mm. A wider board is easier to assemble. Usually based on coniferous wood. The ceiling is only insulated if the house has an attic without heating. Overlap should be insulated. If it is planned to make the attic insulated, sound insulation is laid on the ceiling between the room and the attic. To do this, the binder is nailed to the laid beams of the attic floor.
If you plan to mount the ceiling from the boards, then you need to take care to preserve the casing after installation. To do this, paint or colorless varnish is applied to the material. When arranging a draft ceiling, first of all, it is necessary to attach a vapor barrier to the floor beams. Unedged board is fixed on top in compliance with a certain distance between the layers. Thermal insulation should be placed on top of the boards. After you can do the processing of overlapping on both sides.
Features of work when creating different designs of wooden ceilings
If you want to create a ceiling from boards, you should choose one of the existing options for its device. The first involves the creation of false ceilings. This technology is the most reliable, but expensive. To lay the finishing materials, you should install floor beams with thick bars or trimmed logs. These items are expensive. Their installation is carried out on the crown, and taking into account the type of roof, you can mount to the walls. Boards are nailed to the beams. This design looks quite massive and durable.
You can fill the sawn timber from above, as a result of which moving along the area of the roof or ceiling will be safe. When filing the ceiling, steam, heat and waterproofing should be laid.
The ceiling of the boards can be arranged on the principle of laying the panel system. This technology provides for the assembly of boards of two bars, which are installed in parallel. Boards must be crammed laterally. Shields should be raised to the ceiling and strengthened. Outside, if desired, heat and waterproofing can be laid. If beams are used to create the base, this option will be most preferable, because it has the required strength.
Panel ceilings, however, have a drawback. It lies in the fact that the design will have significant weight. In order to raise the shield, you should enlist the help of several people. The structure will need to be held for some time until it is strengthened. The ceiling of the boards can be arranged on the principle of a lay system. This method is the simplest in the case of using the board. The technology is relevant if the span length is not more than 2.5 m. In this case, the sawn timber is fastened simultaneously at both ends. On such a flooring it will not be possible to move.
According to experts, when performing ceiling repairs, it is better to prefer the third option, since it is less time-consuming and does not require impressive financial costs. If a house is being built, saving is not recommended. In this case, it is better to stick to the first method. The floor beams will also be the base of the roof.
Floor board application
If you want to finish the ceiling with a board, you can use floor material. This option is an original solution and involves the use of a grooved board. This technology has a great advantage, because floorboards have mounting grooves. Due to this, with differences in humidity and temperature, cracks and cracks will not appear in the joints. When using a tongue-and-groove board you will get a flat surface. If the differences are present, then they will be completely invisible.
If you want to sheathe the ceiling with a floor board, then some nuances should be taken into account. For example, it is not worthwhile to buy too thick lumber for the ceiling. Enough 20 mm thickness, in some cases, the board should have smaller dimensions. As an alternative solution, you can use a durable parquet board, because such a material will allow you to give the room a special atmosphere.
You can also choose parquet, this allows you to achieve original solutions. When buying a board, you should pay attention to the quality of processing building materials. Wood must be protected from mold and parasites. When processing has not been carried out at the production stage, you must take care of it yourself.
Using unedged boards
The ceiling of unedged boards is relevant in the utility room. Such material does not have an attractive appearance and is designed to decorate the ceiling surface of special purpose rooms. When choosing lumber for a house, a barn and similar objects, you can do with unedged boards. When laying, you should be guided by some rules, since the material has an irregular shape.
To exclude the appearance of cracks on the ceiling surface, it is necessary to select the boards in such a way that they are combined in shape. There is a technology according to which unedged material is processed and then varnished. In this case, the boards can be used for finishing. The ceiling from the unedged board can look very attractive if you design it antique.
Covering the ceiling with lightweight boards is a fairly simple process. But it can take a lot of time. Firstly, you will have to work with hands raised above your head. Secondly, usually boards are insignificant in width from 4 to 10 cm. The joints between the elements should fall on the beams or rafters. Their location should be noted with a chalk cord.
More about tools and materials
If you want to install boards on the ceiling in the house, you will need to prepare a machine for cutting material at an angle. You will need a 50 cm and finish nails. Care should be taken on the nailing kit. Make sure your arsenal has a 0.6mm drill and screwdriver.
The groove of the first board is cut using a circular saw. In order to make the cut neat, work must be carried out from the bottom of the board. The blade should be installed deeper than the width of the board by 1.25 cm. The first board is pressed firmly against the wall. Then it is pushed back by 2 mm, so that there is a gap for the expansion of wood.
At the wall, drive a nail into the surface of the board. On the opposite side, the nail is driven into the tongue. Equipping the ceiling of the boards with your own hands, you must measure the distance from the end of the tongue of the last board to the wall. This will make sure that the boards are parallel. These measurements should be taken in at least three places. Butt joints between the boards are located under the rafters or beams. Holes are pre-drilled in the boards so that the material does not crack when nails are driven into it.
The ceiling in the apartment
Before you start stuffing boards, you should prepare the base. The old finish is removed from the floor slab. If there are cracks and obvious differences, they must be aligned. Primer should be applied to the surface. In addition to the impregnating composition, the ceiling in the kitchen should be treated with antiseptics and flame retardants. Before installing the ceiling from the boards in the apartment, it is necessary to strengthen the vapor barrier. This layer is required if you want to lay insulation. The film wraps the material itself and the draft ceiling. Laying of sheets is carried out with an overlap and longitudinal gluing of joints. It is necessary to use double-sided tape. Before the procedure, the outer and back sides of the vapor barrier should be determined.
Now you can start marking the base. In this case, the location of the frame from the bars is indicated. Square bars with a side of 30 cm are well suited for this. Before installing them, the material is treated with a primer or drying oil to prevent deformation and decay. Dowels are used to fasten the bars. It is important to position the frame as accurately as possible. It should be parallel to the floor. The check should be performed at the building level. Separate planks, if necessary, must be adjusted using wooden or plastic linings.
Looking at the photos of the ceilings from the boards, you can choose the right material. It may be a lining. After the manufacture of the crate, you can proceed to cutting it according to the size of the surface to be trimmed. Boards must be dry and clean. Nails are used to fix them. Screw caps are immersed in wood and camouflaged. Butt and corner sections should be equipped with a wooden frieze.
Why is the ceiling worth planking
If you still cannot decide whether it is worth planking the ceiling with boards, you should consider the main advantages of such structures. Firstly, such a material has high strength. Secondly, the room will be better insulated. Thirdly, lumber is able to soundproof a room. Boards are pretty easy to install. Any home craftsman is able to handle this. In addition, such ceilings have an attractive appearance.
Why you should abandon the ceiling from the boards
Some of the shortcomings of this design may stop you before choosing a similar design. This is due to the fact that the wood is not resistant to moisture. If water will constantly affect it, lumber will begin to rot. Such a ceiling is difficult to cope with the effects of temperature changes, and special tools will be required to care for it.
When buying material from wood of expensive species, you will have to pay a high cost. Repair in this case will be very expensive. After a certain time, the ceiling surface may lose its original appearance, which will necessitate the replacement of the structure.