Getting a decent and quality education is an important life task for many people. Adults not only strive to acquire new knowledge and skills themselves, but also try to provide their children with quality education in schools and other educational institutions. Modern interactive educational technologies allow us to achieve this goal faster and more efficiently.
Features of modern education
The need to use new technologies in training is due to such features of our educational system as:
- early start of children's education;
- the need to absorb a large amount of information in a short time;
- strict requirements for the level of knowledge of students.
For the goal to be achieved, the teacher needs to interest the students during the lesson and make the learning process interesting. For this very reason, interactive technologies and modern means of communication are widely used in educational institutions.
Concept and application
Interactive learning technologies are a process of interaction between a student and a teacher, which takes place in the form of educational games and an active dialogue. During this lesson, all participants in the process are equal in rights, and the form of the exercise itself involves the active participation of each student.
An interactive lesson in a modern school develops in children such qualities as the ability to communicate and behave appropriately in conflict situations, activity in the educational process, the development of a creative approach to gaining knowledge, and the ability to self-educate. For the lesson, the teacher can use a variety of forms, such as role-playing games, discussions in large and small groups, research projects, individual work of the teacher with students.
Interactive technologies make it possible to create comfortable conditions for teaching all students, regardless of their innate abilities. They give everyone the opportunity to actively participate in the lesson and feel their success in studying the subject.
How are they carried out?
Modern pedagogy has various methods for conducting interactive lessons. The main method is the constructive dialogue method. During the lesson, students answer the question, put forward and justify their versions, can criticize and support each other's versions. This method trains the skill of proper discussion. The discussion is actively involved not only strong, but also weak students.
Another method that allows you to make an interactive lesson interesting and informative is group training. Using it, you can organize the work of students in pairs or in groups. For younger students, working in pairs is better, since they are not very familiar with each other and, due to their age, are not ready for cooperation in a large team. And pair work will contribute to the formation of constructive interaction skills between students.
For third graders and older children, group interaction in the lesson will be useful. A group of students receives a joint task, in the process of solving which they learn to cooperate with each other, exchange knowledge, put forward ideas for solving the task.
Interactive learning at school through play is one of the productive methods of modern education. According to psychologists, training in the process of playing activities is much more effective than standard methods. It contributes to the rapid assimilation of material and the development of socialization skills in children. When implementing this method, students are given a task that they actively solve in a playful way. Also, an element of competition between students is organically fit into the educational activity.
In organizing interactive lessons, the teacher should adhere to the following basic principles:
- it is necessary to psychologically set up their wards to actively participate in the lesson: for this, you can warm up, use a variety of methods of promotion;
- students need to be encouraged to independently search for a solution to the task;
- It is imperative to create a comfortable environment for open, equal interaction between the participants in the training
- the teacher should establish rules for interaction between students during an interactive lesson;
- students must be provided with the necessary sources of information to solve the task.
An interactive lesson organized in accordance with the above principles will become not only useful, but also a memorable event for students.
In practice, interactive lessons consist of several stages. The first stage of such a lesson is the introduction, during which students learn what task they need to solve and what goals to achieve. Also, the teacher must explain to the participants the rules and working conditions in the lesson.
During the main part of the interactive lesson, find out the positions of the participants, distribute them into pairs or groups and organize interaction between groups of students. At this stage, the positions and opinions of participants are discussed, students receive new information from the teacher, rethink and change their positions on the issue under discussion.
The final stage of the lesson is reflection. Students discuss everything that happened in the class, the feelings they experienced, and their impressions.
Such a lesson can take place in such forms as:
- educational discussion - groups of students discuss among themselves topics proposed by the teacher;
- business and role-playing games;
- case-study - analysis of practical situations
- creative contests;
- interactive presentations and other forms of lessons.
The use of interactive methods is especially relevant in the humanities. For example, an interactive lesson in English will be much more productive than usual, as not only strong, but also weak students with a certain language barrier will participate and talk in the process. Using this method, it is possible to remove the language barrier from the student and instill interest in learning English. And an interactive lesson in history or literature can arouse children's interest in the subject and problems discussed in the lesson. Even lagging students will be able to gain new knowledge on the subject through discussions and discussions with classmates.
The use of interactive technologies in education can significantly increase the assimilation of the material, and also develops communication skills. The reason for this is the free and equal communication of all participants in the lesson, the active involvement of students in the discussion and solving tasks.