Maybe few people thought, but all kinds of nodes surround us everywhere. You cannot literally do without a day without them: tie a tie, shoelaces, clothesline ... well, as soon as you get out of town, the number of knots and the need to know how to tie them increases many times.
Surely every fisherman or hunter can recall without a hitch how a couple of knots are tied. What can we say about climbers or boaters - after all, their own life can literally depend on nodes.
Oncoming node, double, reverse, grapevine, Austrian ... sometimes the names themselves are not so easy to remember. However, through constant training, you can always achieve what you want and remember not only the on-site, but also the academic unit, and self-releasing ... and many others. It is important only to constantly train in practice, bringing all actions to automaticity, because in a critical situation of time everything should be carefully thought out and remembered, it simply may not turn out to be.
Everyone who is interested in how to knit a knot is recommended to learn first. After all, he, firstly, refers to the most necessary nodes - whether it's mountaineering or fishing, hunting or even everyday life. It allows you to tie together two ropes, sometimes even of different thicknesses, which is often necessary. The oncoming node is easy to untie, but it holds the load perfectly. Thanks to these qualities, it is popular and most in demand.
In order to organize such a counter knot, it will be necessary to start at the free end of the first rope to tie a simple knot, but do not tighten it to the end, but leave it in a "loose" state. Then the free end of the second rope is pushed into the loop of a simple knot, and then absolutely all the bends of the first simple knot are duplicated.
At the same time, it is necessary to prevent overlaps. If they formed, eliminate. When all overlaps are eliminated, it is necessary to tighten the oncoming knot, grabbing with one hand all two ends from one and the other ropes and in the same way with the second hand - at the ends of both ropes - and stretching out your hands with considerable effort in opposite directions.
During the arrangement of the oncoming node, you should certainly pay attention also to the safety nodes: their presence is mandatory.
The academic knot knits quite easily, it is intended so that it is possible to tie the ends of the ropes of different thicknesses. This unit perfectly holds the load and does not tighten while tightening, after unloading it can be quickly untied.
To tie an academic knot, you need to have an idea of how a straight knot is knitted, while the first rope forms a loop through which the second is threaded, twisted twice and removed from the loop of the first rope. At the same time, it is important to change the direction of the outskirts: first in one direction, and then in the other, otherwise the so-called woman’s knot may turn out , which is not as reliable as the academic one.
This node requires the mandatory use of safety (control) nodes.
To tie the knot, the loop must be made of the first rope, thread the second rope through it so that a small loop is formed, and then its end is threaded through it twice, tied around the loop of the first rope.
This method of knitting also requires the mandatory use of safety (control) nodes. The brashkotovy knot is known for starting to creep under variable loads and does not tighten tightly under heavy loads.
It is believed that this site has been known to people since time immemorial: the clew site was found by archaeologists during excavations of human settlements dated to 7,000 BC.
To tie a knot, you need to: pass the free end of the first rope into the loop of the second rope, tie the loop of the second rope with the first rope and, returning back, stretch the free end of the first rope into the loop below its base. Then the node is tightened and fixed.
The clew knot is used exclusively on ropes of plant origin. He holds only when a load is applied to him. There are many variations and applications, and therefore everyone who is interested in how to tie knots is recommended for compulsory study.
The knot is often used in mountaineering, it perfectly connects two ribbons or belts and holds them. If you use round ropes, such a knot can creep under certain types of load.
First you need to tie a simple free knot at the end of the second rope, then pass through the loop of this knot the free end of the first rope, following the path of the first node of the second rope, but in the opposite direction. It remains only to tighten the knot and fix it.
The oncoming eight is a knot, also one of the most ancient. Its other name is the Flemish knot. Although initially it belonged to marine nodes, over time it found its application on land.
In order to tie the oncoming eight, you need to: tie the end of the first rope in the form of a free eight, then make exactly the same eight on the second rope, conducting it parallel to the turns of the first rope. That is, the second rope will have to be knitted as if in a mirror image to the first. At the end, the assembly is firmly tightened.
If you want to tie as two thick ropes or a rope and even a thin fishing line, then the oncoming eight is perfect for this. The knot is easy to learn, durable and quickly untied.
This knot is also called a gazebo - by the name of a small wooden platform-bench on which the sailor was seated, for example, to paint the side of the ship or clean it from shells.
There is nothing complicated in how to knit a
bowline. Moreover, the scope of its application is extremely wide. It will certainly be useful not only to climbers or fishermen, but also to a simple person in everyday life, because it is not without reason that the pancake is called the king of all nodes.
To tie it, you must first form a crossed closed loop on the first rope, the end of the second rope is threaded through this loop, wound around the free end of the first and pushed into its loop. In this case, experts advise to memorize as taught on ancient ships: a cowardly hare in a hole (loop formation), a cowardly hare crawled out of a hole (the free end of the second rope is pulled through the loop of the first one), a cowardly hare ran around a tree (the end of the second rope starts at the end first), the cowardly hare again hid in a hole (threading the end of the second rope into the loop of the first).
Refers to nodes that are required to be mastered not only in maritime affairs, but also in industrial mountaineering, for rescuers, etc. The conductor will perfectly help out if it is necessary to organize the attachment point on the main rope, and you can knit it absolutely anywhere along its entire length.
The conductor is tied up, like the most ordinary knot, but for this, not one end of the rope is taken, but the double - folded twice on any segment of the rope. The loop threaded at the outlet forms a convenient running “channel” through which you can draw either another rope, belt or cable (hence the name of the knot), or arrange another knot or fasten a carbine.
The double conductor assembly, as a rule, does not require safety assemblies due to high friction and the ability to self-tighten under loads. It also has the name "hare ears" for its characteristic appearance.
In principle, it knits just like an ordinary conductor, but a double rope is pulled out of the loop, which looks like a rabbit’s ears. A loop is attached to these ears, and then tightened. In this case, you need to hold the loop at the base of the node with the thumb of the right hand (or left - for left-handed people, respectively).
To a beginner who has just begun to comprehend the science of how to tie knots, this knot cannot be recommended for development: it is rather complicated in execution. Moreover, if it is improperly tied, it can cause an accident, although it may look like a true one.
Grapevine itself is two kind of half-nodes, they, after tying, are pulled to one another.
The sequence of grapevine knitting is as follows: first, the first and second ropes must be folded towards each other and together with the ends tied on each rope. In this case, the first rope is slightly higher than the second. Then the free end of the first is bent at a right angle to itself and is drawn over the second rope. After that, the end is brought down and wraps both ropes at once, shifting in relation to this turn to the right side (to the first rope) and again bends towards itself. Next, the end is again brought down, so as to rewrap the rope. In this case, the end again shifts to the right and then is brought over the first and second ropes. A kind of hollow forms between the ropes. Then, parallel to the hollow, the end is brought under both turns to the left. The first half-node after this is delayed.
The second half-node also fits in similarly, then these two half-nodes are pulled together one to another.
A stirrup knot, it’s just a stirrup, it’s a whipped one. It is used to organize the fulcrum for the foot. The second end of the rope can be fixed to the topography or artificial support. The appearance of the knot really resembles a stirrup for the rider. It represents two loops that are opposite to each other, which both easily tighten and easily disintegrate, therefore they can be used if necessary to save time. At the same time, the safety unit is strictly obligatory on the stirrup!
If it is necessary to tie together two ropes of the same thickness, then the so-called weaving knot is perfect for this . Despite its simplicity, it is one of the most reliable. Therefore, it is recommended for compulsory study.
To tie such a knot, you will need to: direct the free ends of the two ropes to each other, tie a simple knot at one end, and pull the free end of the second rope into the loop of this knot and draw around the root end of the first rope. Then the end of the second rope is also tied in a simple knot. Then both loops are shifted towards each other to join together - and the node is tightened.
Provided that the load on the knot can be quite strong, especially on wet ropes, the weaving knot can subsequently not be untied at all - it is so tightened.
Of course, it is not at all necessary to immediately try to learn all the nodes listed here at once. For a start, two or three main ones will be enough. But to bring their tying up to full automatism. And only then proceed with the development of the following.
Experts also recommend not only practicing in practice, but also sketching the knot tying scheme on their own - this will help to better understand the principle of tying, and will also contribute to strong memorization.