Owners of apartments and private houses receive monthly bills for utilities. One of the services indicated in the invoice is sanitation. Often, consumers have a question about what wastewater disposal on a receipt. This service is included in the general list, among others: water supply, gas supply, electricity supply and heat supply.
The difference between water supply and sanitation
Water supply and sanitation are two completely different utilities. Water supply implies that cold water passes through cleaning and disinfection before entering the apartment, and hot water is heated to a certain temperature. Sewage is the removal of any waste water from the apartment. The service involves the primary treatment of water and its direction to the sewer. This is a difficult technical process, consisting of several stages. After water drainage, it is delivered to the treatment plant, where it undergoes multi-stage treatment and is disposed of.
Now it becomes clear what is the disposal in the receipt.
Housing and communal services provide conditions that make housing suitable for living. According to the law, each consumer is obliged to pay utility bills at the appointed time and at established tariffs. Payment of water disposal services is exposed to all residents of common and individual houses.
What relates to utilities
It will be about the contents of housing and communal services receipts. Utilities are considered:
- Maintenance and repair. The tariff is determined by the city tariff committee. The service also includes house management, maintenance of premises, cleaning of the site, maintenance of the chute, inspection of the elevator and gas system. The payment does not depend on the number of registered residents.
- Cold water and its supply. The constant availability of water of appropriate quality is implied.
- Hot water. It should be at any time in sufficient volume and of appropriate quality.
- Gas. The presence of gas at any time in the home. Gas can be supplied through a gas pipeline or in a liquefied form. In the latter case, utilities are required to change gas cylinders.
- Heat supply. Heating in the cold season to the desired temperature in the home.
- Water disposal. It has already been considered what wastewater disposal on a receipt. With the help of special installations, dirty wastewater is discharged into the sewer.
- The flow of electricity. Provision of electricity in the required volumes without deficit.
- Overhaul implementation. The service appeared relatively recently. The funds raised go to the repair fund, from where they are spent on home repairs.
The services provided are determined by many components. The receipt indicates the type of service and the amount for it. The total service fee will be associated with housing and utilities tariffs and is calculated based on the area of the premises, the number of registered residents and meter indicators. Some citizens receive benefits.
The rent is determined by the occupied area. The standard area for single citizens is 33 square meters. meters, for two people - 42 square meters. m, for three or more - 18 square meters. m of the total area for each member. The premises do not include rooms without heating - balconies and loggias. Bath and toilet are included.
If no one has lived in a dwelling for a period, you can not pay for services during this time. For conversion to accounting provide supporting documents. For example, transport tickets.
To save money, many residents turn off services they don’t need, such as radio and television.
It is generally believed that wastewater is understood to mean the flow of waste water through pipes. But this is far from a complete picture. Dirty water passes through pipes, is disposed of and cleaned. The drainage system is monitored, regular inspections are carried out by authorized employees.
- Waste water of any temperature.
- Its submission to treatment facilities.
- The cleaning process.
- Disposal of water in accordance with approved standards.
- Removal of precipitation from the atmosphere.
Payment for utility services is obtained by multiplying the utility tariff by the amount of the used resource. The amount of consumed resource is indicated on metering devices. If meters are not installed, the administration provides for average standard indicators.
To calculate the amount for wastewater, you need:
- multiply the amount of cold water consumed by the meter with the tariff for water disposal;
- do the same operation with hot water;
- add both of the resulting numbers, you get the final payment for wastewater.
The line "wastewater" in the receipt shows this amount.
Payment by meter and by standards
If the consumer has not installed metering devices, payment will be calculated from the norms approved in a particular region. Normally, standards are reviewed annually and published by the media. Regulatory costs can also be found on the website of local authorities or in management companies.
In residential buildings with a large number of apartments, payment for water disposal is considered not for each apartment, but based on the results of a common house metering device. If the counter has not been delivered, the management organization creates an account.
If the owner of the premises wishes to supply an individual metering device, he needs to notify the managing organization. After obtaining permission and installing the meter, an employee of the management company performs sealing, recalculation of the service fee.
Having considered what wastewater disposal is on the receipt and how it is paid, it is worthwhile to dwell on the regulatory side of the issue.
In 2011, the Law on Water Supply and Sanitation was adopted, according to which all issues related to these services are regulated. The law spells out provisions for the supply of water of any temperature to residential premises, as well as quality requirements. Prior to the adoption of the law, all legal nuances were determined by various regulatory documents, some of which are still relevant.
All previous decisions were developed by federal and local authorities. The law is periodically amended. For example, questions about water quality, about the security of the service, about the frequency of monitoring the system are changing.