India is located on the peninsula in the form of an isosceles triangle. The successful physical and geographical position of India and the concentration of important air and sea routes contribute to the unification of Southeast and South Asian states with Africa and Europe. This South Asian country is
washed by the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The structure of India includes the Nicobar, Amindiva, Andaman and other islands. A state with a total area of 3.287 million km² stretches from south to north for 3214 km and from west to east for about 3000 km. If its land border corresponds to 15,200 km, then the sea border is approximately 6,000 km. Most major ports are located either artificially (Chennai) or at the mouth of the river
(Calcutta). The south of the east coast is called Coromandel, and the south of the west coast of the Hindustan Peninsula is called Malabar. The geographical position of ancient India is
markedly different from the location of modern India. In the past, the state corresponded to the territory of some combined countries (Iran, Palestine, Asia Minor,
Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phenicia and Syria).
Currently, in the east, India is in contact with Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh; in the north it borders with Afghanistan, Nepal and China; on the west side adjacent to Pakistan. Almost three quarters of India’s area is filled with plateaus. The northern part of India is fenced off from other countries with the help of the Himalayas - the highest mountains in the world, accumulating a huge amount of moisture and heat. This mountain range rises above the Indo-Gangetic lowland and extends near the border of China, Afghanistan and Nepal. It is in the Himalayas that the great rivers Brahmaputra and Ganges arise. The most beautiful place in India is Goa, which is located next to the Arabian Sea.Economic and geographical position of India
This fast-growing, agrarian-industrial state has achieved many recognition in the economy. National policy is focused on the formation of the space program, industrialization and agrarian transformations. Indian industry consists of various types of production - from gigantic latest factories to primitive handicrafts.
The main economic and geographical features are:
- favorable economic and geographical position of India in the south of Asia, where sea routes from the Mediterranean to the Pacific Ocean are located;
- unresolved territorial issues related to China and Pakistan;
- difficult economic relations due to the terrain with countries located in the north.
Not only India's successful geographical location attracts many foreign investors, but also an economy that is rather controversial. Along with the rapid pace of industrial development, agriculture continues to move intensively. 520 million people are involved in it, more than half of them work in the agricultural sector; a quarter - in the service sector; the remaining amount is in industry, the main areas of which are mechanical engineering, automotive, consumer electronics and much more.
Thus, the economic and geographical position of India is favorable to the development of its economy, and the country manages to achieve success in the development of its economy.