The formation of cognitive interest is the encouragement by the teacher of the desire of children to learn. The child’s desire to receive and analyze information, to seek its application in his life is the most valuable learning outcome. The formation of cognitive interest affects the character of the student, especially the development of his behavioral stereotypes. They, in turn, affect the level of education in the future. In learning, interest plays three of the most important roles:
- It can be considered as the main reason for learning. The teacher should think about how to strengthen attention to his subject. In this case, the formation of cognitive interest in the likely direction of the future activities of the child is the goal of education.
- It is needed for the assimilation of knowledge: without attention to the subject, there will be no benefit from classes. Then the pursuit of knowledge is a learning tool.
- When the formation of cognitive interest is completed, the curiosity of the student becomes the result of the work of the educator.
When learning, it is necessary to develop the desire for knowledge in children, which is always accompanied by independence in completing tasks, enterprise, a tendency to complete more difficult tasks that develop a child to a greater extent. The teacher’s responsible attitude to this responsibility has a beneficial effect on the formation of the cognitive interests of younger students. A positive attitude towards the teacher contributes to the development of optimism in the child, love for people, an active life position, and creates a good mood.
Ways to enhance the cognitive interests of primary school children
- Teacher artistry, a link to interesting stories, historical facts or sources of information related to the topic.
- Organization of classes that evoke the spirit of competition and initiative, playing thematic scenes in which each has its own role.
- Creating a creative atmosphere so that children can embody their ideas on the current topic and receive encouragement for this.
- Teacher's interest and respect for student experience.
- A call for the assimilation of information due to the fact that it will be necessary for future, more complex activities.
- Examples that indicate the real usefulness of the topic.
- Use in the lesson of tasks of varying difficulty.
- Deliberate emphasis on the increased complexity of the "special" task.
- Gradual increase in the overall level of complexity of tasks from one lesson to another.
Formation of reader interest
Many parents worry about the negative effects of computer progress on the lives of their young children and claim that their children are less likely to look in the book than they were when they were children. But studies in the field of education show that children who regularly visit web pages are more often than other peers interested in literature and prefer the most talented authors. Parents' love of reading is the best example for children. If the child feels the benefit, he will gladly purchase books, go to libraries, appreciate advice on reading books, and more often show independence in the choice of a particular literature. If a child has cultural and well-read parents who are strict in his upbringing, he is inclined to describe family relations as friendly, based on mutual understanding.