When planning a trip or just a trip, everyone tries to choose the most suitable form of transport for themselves in order to spend time on the road as comfortable as possible. Today, modern buses have become so comfortable that they can easily compete with any type of transport.
For each category of tourist cars, the International Road Transport Union has developed certain requirements. Categories determine the classes of buses and are indicated by stars, in an amount from one to five.
Buses can be classified by the number of floors, the type of fuel used, and by category.
Number of floors
Motor vehicles are divided by the number of floors into:
- single storey;
- one and a half floor;
Many travel companies prefer one and a half-story buses.
This type of transport has a fairly good overview, since the passenger compartment is located above the driver’s seat, and the lower compartment is used for passenger luggage. Bunk buses are popular for their functionality.
They are mainly used for transporting people over relatively short distances, for example, on excursions. The lower floor of this vehicle can be equipped with a buffet, a game room or equipped with sleeping places for tourists.
In some European countries, they are used as one of the types of city-class buses. But due to the large size, they are quite impractical, because in some cities it may be necessary to look for detours due to the low bridges.
Most passenger buses use gasoline, methane or diesel. Also, recently, vehicles such as electric buses and electric cars that run on electric batteries and do not pollute the environment are starting to gain popularity.
Classification of buses by category
Bus comfort is determined by category and is indicated by an asterisk (*). The higher the comfort, the more stars:
- Middle-class buses with one star belong to the first category and can be used for excursions around the city or in the suburbs.
- Buses of the second category (two stars) can be used for international tourism, but for short distances.
- The third and fourth categories are considered the highest class of buses.
- And the category at number five corresponds to the luxury class.
A bus with more than three stars can carry passengers over long distances.
Classes of buses for comfort is determined by the following parameters:
- Seat It takes into account the space between the seats (from 68 to 90 cm), the height of the back of the chair (from 52 to 68 cm) and its angle, seat upholstery (quality and appearance), the presence of individual armrests.
- Climate control. Whether individually controlled air conditioning or air conditioning.
- Heating method (from the engine or with automatic temperature control).
- Window. Glass or curtains tinted in them, whether there is a fog cover.
- Individually adjustable lighting.
- The presence of a microphone and a speaker (the latter can be designed for 4-8 seats or one in the cabin).
- The presence of the luggage compartment, as well as shelves for hand luggage.
- Sanitary equipment (bathrooms, washbasins, waste bins).
- Equipment on the bus: a thermo-heater for drinks, a refrigerator, individual cup holders and folding tables, a TV and a car radio.
- Personal place for a guide (equipped with everything necessary).
- The presence of electrical outlets near each seat.
Luxury buses are the most comfortable and correspond to the category of "5 stars". In these tourist class buses must be present additional means of comfort. These include: a dispenser of hot and cold drinks, a microwave, a wardrobe, a heating cabinet for already prepared dishes, a kitchen with a grill, an armchair equipped with a special back that corrects and supports the lower back.
An information screen is installed in the cabin, where the information necessary for passengers is displayed, for example, the name of the locality to which the transport approaches, distance and travel time, air temperature, etc. In these classes of buses, the noise level should be as low as possible (7 476 dB).
No matter how many stars a bus has, they should all be safe. Owners of these vehicles are personally responsible for the life and health of passengers on the road, therefore they are obliged to monitor the technical condition of the transport - conduct technical inspection and repair on time.