Among the working specialties, the profession of a turner was and remains one of the most popular. Wood and metal processing - the scope of the turning craft. To optimize labor, accuracy and speed of manufacturing parts, there are many machines and other equipment that is constantly being improved, allowing the master to perform complex and most precise operations.
Turning has come a long way in development before it takes on the forms of production that we know now. At the present stage, it includes cutting metal and nonmetallic materials and alloys, applying various types of threads to parts, turning individual elements of equipment and applying various notches, grooves, etc., turning wooden blanks to give them the desired shape. The final products of production are the bolts and nuts we know, valves and adapters, plugs and many other accessories, as well as various housings and other parts.
Turning is closely related to turning production. In principle, any enterprise where the appropriate machines and other tools are installed to work with different materials from single orders to an entire series or line is suitable for this concept. In order to be able to perform the necessary actions and understand each stage of operations, it is necessary to know the properties of heat treatment of materials well, navigate in the drawings and have many other knowledge. Therefore, turning is considered a complex science, in the closest way interacting with related ones.
History and traditions
If we go back to the distant past, we can recall that our ancestors used dishes that were hollowed, cut out and turned out of wood, as well as household items, furniture, and even toys. This was done first in a rough way and improvised means, and then on devices that resembled lathes and became their prototypes. So turned sharpened brothers, bowls, cups. Therefore, it is from there that modern turning business takes its roots. To this day, in decorative art,
folk crafts, fine details and entire products are widely used. For example, various kitchen accessories: coasters for hot teapots, pots and pans, cutting boards
, etc .; interior design accessories: wooden “curtains” of polished round wood or sticks, souvenir sculptures and figurines. Lathes process almost any type of wood quickly and accurately, with all the necessary accuracy. Moreover, the size of the product does not play a special role. You can grind miniature netsuke, indicating even the smallest details, and a large product. Of particular beauty and expressiveness to such subjects
there is an art list.
With the development of industry, the active use in the production of iron, the turning of metal began, which was technically close to woodworking. Now not a single production process is complete without it. The most complex mechanisms are basically made up of parts created on lathes. Therefore, a turner, especially a milling machine operator, is always in demand at enterprises. And turning business is taught in all specialized vocational schools and in many large factories.
The profession of a turner, interesting and difficult, requires great self-discipline, accuracy and constant self-improvement. This is one of those specialties that hold the most complex high-tech processes.