Do -it- yourself gas - generating boilers can be made. Such equipment has become widespread today, because for its work you can use various woods such as pressed briquettes, waste and logs. The principle of operation of plants is somewhat different from conventional solid fuel models. At first glance, the design seems more complicated, but it has a lot of advantages, and also saves money that are spent on heating.
The device of a gas boiler
In order to make gas-generating boilers with your own hands, you must first familiarize yourself with the device and the principle of their operation. The basis of such an installation is a firebox, which has two compartments. In the first of them, wood is burned with insufficient oxygen, while in the second compartment, the released gases burn out. These compartments are separated by a grate. If we talk about the differences between the pyrolysis boiler and the usual classical one, then the main one of them can be distinguished the downward movement of air. Significant aerodynamic drag eliminates the possibility of free circulation of air masses. Therefore, forced draft is arranged, which is provided by the method of a blower fan (it is replaced in some cases by a smoke exhaust).
The main principle that is laid down in the operation of plants of this type is the decomposition of wood under the influence of high temperatures. Subsequently, the fuel is separated into gaseous volatile mixtures and coal. The process takes place in the bookmark chamber at high temperature, but the air should not be enough for proper combustion; volatile mixtures that fall into the second chamber burn out at a temperature reaching 1000 degrees. Ultimately, carbon monoxide is directed through the convective part into the chimney, while losing its heat. In order to provide ideal conditions for burning wood, the inner surface should be lined with a refractory lining. In this case, both cameras should be revetted.
Recommendations for the wizard
It is quite difficult to assemble gas-generating boilers with your own hands, which is why it is recommended to use a Belyaev boiler as the basis. The master himself will be able to solve the question of design changes, it will depend on engineering and professional skills, as well as the desire to experiment. Do not change the internal volume of space. Instead of the liquid coolant in the described equipment, hot air can be used to heat the house, which will circulate through the pipes. This option eliminates freezing, which is why such systems are widely used, because they can be installed in country houses. In winter, there will be no problems with the operation of such heating.
Preparation of materials for work
In order to make gas-generating boilers with their own hands, it is necessary to prepare some materials and tools. You will need a grinder with ruffs for stripping and cutting wheels, a welding machine, as well as consumables. Among the latter, one can single out pipes for cold and hot water supply lines, doors, as well as locks and fixtures for them. You will also need a blow fan, a temperature sensor, a metal of considerable thickness, fireclay bricks and a grate.
Features of the assembly of a gas boiler
If you decide to make a gas-generating boiler with your own hands, the drawings must be considered before starting work. At the first stage, four walls are prepared, which are cut from sheet metal. In the front wall, you need to make two rectangular holes using a grinder. The bottom is for the ash pan, while the top is for the furnace. The back wall for a while can be set aside. The remaining plates must be welded together, and at the joints, carefully grind the resulting growths, using the same grinder for this. After assembling the heat exchanger, water or any other heat carrier will circulate through it, as a rule, it is liquid. All constituent elements must be reliably welded and cleaned, as a result, a design should be obtained that is devoid of joints and seams.
Installing a heat exchanger and working on a smoke exhauster
If you decide to assemble a gas generator boiler with your own hands, it will be important for you to know its device. The technology at the next stage involves the installation of a heat exchange device in the furnace itself. Water must be run through the pipes and working pressure created, this will determine the presence of defects that can be expressed in leaks. The furnace will be located below, and not above, as in factory models. It should be separated from the gasification area, which is mounted above the grate. The fuel burning section must be lined with refractory bricks at the bottom, sides and top. It is also important to provide for the presence of an air duct. The next step will be the installation of doors that should be pressed against the walls as tightly as possible. After the smoke exhauster is mounted, it is necessary to install a temperature sensor that will monitor the state of heating inside and the combustion process.
If you will make a gas generator oven with your own hands, the scheme and principle of operation must be considered. They are presented above in the article. At the final stage, it will only be necessary to cut holes for smoke exhausters and nozzles, only after that it will be possible to weld the back wall and grind it. Now you can check the efficiency, for this you will need to use a device that is already ready for operation. If carbon monoxide is not observed at the outlet, then the equipment is considered to be fully operational, it can be operated.
Additional work in the manufacture of a pyrolysis boiler
When we make a pyrolysis boiler with our own hands, drawings can be prepared independently, but quite often such works are trusted by professionals. Separately, it is necessary to highlight certain features that a pyrolysis boiler should have. Outside, you need to mount a valve that will control the flow of coolant passing through the heat exchanger. In order to increase heat transfer, the heat transfer pipe must be designed so that it has a bend. Run it in the form of a coil. The holes for filling the fuel must be made rectangular, the door must be provided with a metal plate, it will provide a more snug fit. Before you make a gas-generating boiler yourself, the principle of operation of such equipment must be studied. It provides for the presence of a restrictor that will control the air flow entering the interior.
It is quite difficult to independently produce pyrolysis equipment; it is not always justified to carry out such work. The resulting model can be used for heating an oversized utility room, as well as a residential building. In the latter case, experts recommend purchasing factory equipment. It is important to install the gas boiler correctly. The area of the ventilation hole in the room should be approximately 100 square centimeters. Equipment must be removed from the surface and other objects at a distance of 0.2 meters. Before the boiler, lay sheet metal, the thickness of which is 3 millimeters. This will prevent the occurrence of a fire during the loss of combustion products of the type of coal or ash during operation of the equipment and filling the fuel. DIY gas stove from improvised means can be made. However, it is important to place such a device on a brick or concrete base. A pyrolysis installation requires a separate room. It can be a boiler room, which needs to be protected from fire as much as possible. The chimney should be well insulated with a heater, so that no soot and other deposits build up inside from overcooling.
The device and the scheme of a gas-fired boiler for wood, which are presented in this article, will help you with the independent manufacture of equipment. However, it is important to remember that professional craftsmen do not recommend using such installations as heating systems for a residential building. This is not always justified and can cause a fire. That is why it is not recommended to save on the purchase of quality equipment.