Winter has passed, and it's time to take care of their legs. In the spring, warm weather always unexpectedly sets in, therefore it is better to prepare for it in advance. How nice to wear sandals on a hot day! Often, warm weather comes in May. It would be a shame not to have time to do a pedicure! How can I perform this procedure at home?
Many are afraid to do their own feet - after all, with insufficient experience, you can easily make a mistake. Indeed, the foot area has its own nuances. Due to the peculiarities of the skin structure, proper heel treatment is important here. Women wearing heels should pay special attention to familiar corns. Older people may experience nail fungus.
But the good thing about home pedicures is that there is enough time to solve all the problems. What should be prepared for conducting it yourself?
Tools for home use
Before you do a pedicure at home, you should prepare the necessary tools. The pedicure salon uses cutting tools that are undesirable to use at home. Instead, there are alternative abrasive graters and caps for the pedicure apparatus, which perfectly remove hyperkeratosis.
Pedicure graters are used from lower to higher grits:
- Solinberg - one side 60, the other 120 grit.
- LUX - one side 80, the other 150 grit.
- Camillen 60 - one side 150, the other 240 grit.
To process your toes, you will need a large knipser, which you can quickly shorten your nails. Manicure scissors are used to remove cuticles. If you have the skill to work with manicure tweezers, you can use them. To move the rollers and cleanse the nail plateau from pterygium, a pusher and scraper are used. These tools are often made on a single metal holder. Uncomplicated pedicures can be performed with the listed tools. If there are problems with ingrown nails, pedicure nippers will be required to remove the ingrown nail.
Materials for pedicure
Now there are a lot of special keratolytics that successfully cope with loosening corns and corns. Some have urea as the active substance, others - ANA and VNA (natural acids). These funds destroy keratin bonds, loosen and dissolve the skin, but do it very carefully.
Another group of pedicure products contains strong alkalis - NaOH or KOH. They must be washed off the skin on time in order to avoid chemical burns. They are part of a bar of soap, which can also be used to soften the skin. Special bombs based on soda and nutritious oils are popular. With their help, you can do a pedicure at home, as in a salon.
In the store for beauty salons you can buy reliable, proven products. These are keratolytics, scrubs and moisturizers. A scrub for home pedicure can be done independently, using coffee grounds for this. While it is still warm, it contains natural oils. Such a scrub exfoliates dead cells and nourishes the skin. It is used to process interdigital spaces.
Foot cream usually has antifungal supplements and a good smell. It is possible to recommend the Liquid Blade cream from DOMIX Green Professional with urea for softening the skin, and the Heel antiseptic cream on herbs for moisturizing. They fight with corns and calluses using a corn patch.
Home Pedicure Equipment
Which device is best to buy for the home - everyone decides for himself. On sale there are many models of various characteristics and price categories. But all of them are united by such parameters:
- The number of revolutions per second.
- The ability to replace parts.
To do pedicures at home, as a professional, you will have to acquire knowledge. They relate to the operation of the device and its sterilization, as well as to the methods of using the cutter. This will prevent future errors.
Usually, detailed instructions are attached to the device, which explains how to use the various modes and nozzles. Different sections of the foot are processed at different speeds, periungual rollers require a reverse movement of the cutter. Therefore, it is good to purchase a device that has a reverse. Nozzles for all devices are standard, you can replace those that become unusable with new ones.
An indispensable helper for the whole family
But the device was bought, the question arises: "How to make a hardware pedicure at home?". To remove coarse skin, you need to soften it. There are special tools for this, mainly based on urea. They should be applied to the skin and wrapped in several layers of polyethylene. You can take the one used in food departments. After a few minutes, the skin becomes ready for milling.
Sequentially processing zone after zone, nozzles are replaced from coarser to fine-grained ones. Speed also changes from high revs to low revs. Too zealous is not worth it when the skin color changes from yellow to pink - you need to stop working. The finger area is treated like a manicure. The direction of rotation of the cutter is important here. The rule is simple: the rotation of the cutter should be from the nail. Therefore, to process the rollers, the reverse key is switched.
If the family has a pedicure machine, it can be useful not only to one person. Everyone can have their own nozzles to prevent transmission of infection. Such a device is also suitable for removing gel polish, only in this case a ceramic mill is needed. It does not heat up as usual and serves for a long time.
When there are health problems
Experts are categorically against the use of the edged pedicure method for people with diabetes or with poor blood coagulation. Although it is these categories of people who need special hygienic care most of all. Doctors recommend that such patients visit the salon to perform a hardware pedicure. Not everyone has such an opportunity, but many people can buy the device. Even in the case when an elderly person does not live in a family, he can perform some operations himself.
It is very important not to run the skin of the feet. With irregular care, areas of hyperkeratosis, corns and corns are formed. The thick layer of the overdried skin cannot be elastic and crack when walking. Wounds become infected, and all this can end badly. It is much better to figure out how to do a pedicure on your own at home. Even in the absence of experience and medical knowledge, you can successfully monitor your legs.
There are several principles in pedicure:
- Regular care protects against many problems.
- It is necessary to shorten the nails, and do it right.
- Feet need constant hydration.
- Infections should be treated immediately.
- Better to stop processing than to hurt.
Using them, you can always have beautiful and healthy legs.
How to make a pedicure at home: step by step instructions
First of all, you should prepare a place for a pedicure. Inside, this is a special chair, and at home there can be ordinary upholstered furniture. You will need warm water, so it’s good to have an electric kettle nearby. In the basin, which will be used for maceration (soaking), both feet should be freely placed. If it is small, cramps from the wrong position are possible.
- The first step is maceration. This is a foot bath with soap, some alkaline additive or a special tool.
If you plan to do hardware processing, not soap is added to the bath, but salt and feet are kept in it for no more than ten minutes. Salt does not soften hyperkeratosis, and soap solutions do this well. Therefore, the composition of the bath will be different for edged and hardware pedicures. If a hardware pedicure is done, both legs after maceration are wrapped in polyethylene with softeners.
- The second step is finger processing. One leg is removed from the bath and wrapped in a towel, leaving only the fingers. They work with one leg, the second is in the bath or wrapped in polyethylene. They are treated according to the principle of manicure: shortening nails, moving the rollers, removing the cuticle and pterygium.
If there are corns, they are carefully removed with tweezers for the skin. Corns are often in the same places, the so-called "familiar calluses." They are not completely removed, only the upper keratinous layer of the skin is removed.
- The third step is the removal of corns. This is the area under the toes and the heels. At first they work with coarse files or nozzles. Then, when the skin turns pink, smooth it with a fine-grained file (240 grit).
- The fourth step is to apply the cream.
After a hygienic pedicure, you can make a decorative coating. Normal varnish is well worn on the legs, but it requires good drying. In order not to waste time on this, there is a gel polish. The procedure for applying it will take 15 minutes, and you can shoe shoes.
The main stages of the pedicure are clearly shown in the photo.
How to do a pedicure at home:
- soften the skin with a bath,
- handle corns
- shorten nails
- remove pterygium,
- apply varnish.
The salon usually offers especially successful master designs. Their photos are in the album or on the wall. In order to beautifully design your nails, you do not need to be an artist. There are many options for stamping and sliders. Magnetic multi-chrome varnishes create an interesting texture. For the home option, it is better to first familiarize yourself with the offer of various professional stores than to leaf through pages of magazines.
The nail industry is taking leaps and bounds. Innovative coatings are constantly being produced. Each girl will find for herself something interesting and modern.
Fashion trends 2018
Recently appeared colored foil confetti - kamifubuki - are now widely used in designs. With their help, the effect of 3D volume is created. These sparkles enhance the depth of magnetic gel polishes using harmonious shades of three sizes. They are imposed in layers, so they are as if filled with colored glass. Looks good when one type of kamifubuki is blocked by another.
The marine theme is still in trend, now it is not only white, blue and red colors. Salmon, black and yellow perfectly complement the classic blue and white strip. Stickers depicting a tilted palm tree are also relevant, especially against a sunset. Sunset is performed using the gradient technique with a sponge moistened with several colors in the form of stripes. You should not take the classic tones, it is better to remember the impressionists. Lemon, coral and turquoise are the colors for the modern gradient.
A little practice, and you will begin to advise friends how to make a beautiful pedicure at home.
Common pedicure errors
Many do not see anything difficult in doing a pedicure on their own. Nevertheless, a minimum level of knowledge about the structure of the epidermis, the causes of corns and cracks, and other problems with the legs is necessary. Often mistakes are made due to insufficiently prepared skin. When the legs are too dry, the skin does not have elasticity. Due to hyperkeratosis, it thickens, and all keratin layers act as a monolith.
If you try to cut off the excess volume with a pedicure knife, the blade will not remove the skin layer. However, many make a mistake and make extra efforts. The skin cuts, but the blade moves at the wrong angle. This leads to cuts. To know how to do a pedicure at home on your own, you need to take a training course. At the lecture, the instructor will pay attention to the individual peculiarity of each - the time of softening of hyperkeratosis. The prepared skin stretches behind the blade, and the extra layer cannot be removed.
Another common mistake is the use of a foot grater at the border of the plantar zone and the upper part of the foot. When the legs are heavily launched, the sole should be strengthened. The skin of the upper part of the foot is often enough scrub, it is so thin. In addition, there are many vessels, and excess movement with a grater leads to bleeding, which is not easy to stop.
For whom magic socks were invented
On sale there are socks for pedicure at home. It is not difficult to make such a procedure. It is performed at night. Socks soaked with a special composition are put on clean feet, in the morning they remove a loosened layer of skin with a grater, rinse the legs with water and cover with cream. If necessary, repeat the procedure. The action of such a mask is based on the use of strong keratolytic agents that destroy keratin bonds and dissolve collagen cells.
Pedicure masters caution against the frequent use of such masks: urea-based products are able to completely dissolve the skin in a few hours. Since its thickness on the entire surface of the feet is different, in order to avoid chemical burns, the concentration of the active substance in the socks is weak. But if you do not remove such a compress in time, you can seriously suffer.
In conclusion, we can say that any foot care products require careful attention. Do not neglect to read the instructions. Change pedicure graters often. Sterilize the instruments. Always apply cream on your feet.
Now you know how to properly do pedicures at home.