There are various family-type cars. First of all, minivans and minibuses are referred to them. There are many such models on the market, and choosing the best among them is very difficult. In this article, only some randomly selected family cars are considered. To make objectivity, the ratings of various sites, organizations and publications , as well as user reviews are taken into account .
First of all, it should be noted that family cars usually include those that have the body of a minibus, station wagon, and minivan. Any of them can have 7 places . The differences are in the proportions of the body and interior layout .
Wagon - the most squat among these options. Most of these cars are built on the basis of sedans and differs from them only in the rear. Minivans, although they can be built on the basis of passenger cars, have individual bodies that are taller than station wagons. In addition, they differ in a more vertical landing . Due to this, their salons are usually more spacious, especially in height. Passenger minibuses are usually not created on the basis of cars. Basically about no more and more capacious minivans. 7-8 places - this is the minimum quantity for such models . Therefore, they are rarely used as family cars.
It should be noted that many full-size and even some mid-size SUVs have 7-seater versions. Such cars have station wagons, and the configuration of their salons corresponds to it, so these cars are also considered family cars.
In size, minivans are divided into compact, medium-sized and full-sized. The cars of the first type are similar in size to compact urban models. Usually they have 5 places. This, for example, Nissan Note, Opel Meriva, Citroen C3 Picasso. Medium-sized cars can be 5- or 7-seater (Mazda 5, Renault Scenic, Opel Zafira, etc.), and full -size cars have 7-8 seats (Chrysler Pacifica, Toyota Estima, Volkswagen Transporter, etc.). This article discusses some of the latest types of machines.
At a cost minivans, like other cars, classify comfort on budget, middle class and expensive. The cheapest options on the local market are Chinese manufacturers in the absence of such models from Russian firms. The only car of this type is the Lada Largus, which is a station wagon, but has a 7-seater modification. And then it is only a local version of the Dacia Logan MCV. GAZ Sobol and UAZ 2206 are minibuses and are rarely purchased as family cars.
A clear line between middle-class minivans and expensive models is difficult to determine. The first include the majority of compact machines of various origins, as well as some medium- and full-sized ones. The most expensive are premium minivans, especially those focused on corporate use.
By appointment, these cars can be divided into family and representative. The first have functional, spacious, comfortable interiors. They can be very well finished and provide an extensive list of equipment, however, the main parameter of the salons of such machines is usually functionality. Most minivans of various sizes (Opel Meriva, Mazda 5, Hyundai Grand Starex, etc.) belong to this type.
Executive models far surpass them in quality of decoration, equipment and comfort. Such minivans are distinguished by the fact that their salons for decoration and equipment are close to business-class cars and may even surpass some of them. In addition, they usually have a more advanced technical base than family options: more productive power units, a more advanced transmission, a more complex chassis. This, for example, Toyota Alphard, Mercedes Benz V-class, etc.
This is the Japanese model, produced since 2002. Now the third generation reigns on the market (since 2015) . The manufacturer positions the Alphard as a premium car, so it is not available to everyone as a minivan for the family.
It is equipped with three engines: 2AR-FXE , 2AR-FE and 2GR-FE. The first is a 2.5 liter 4-cylinder engine with a capacity of 152 liters. with., a torque of 206 Nm. The second engine has the same design, but different settings, thanks to which the power and torque indicators increased to 182 liters. from. and 235 Nm. The most productive 3.5 liter V6 engine has a capacity of 280 liters. from. and torque of 344 Nm.
The 4-cylinder versions are equipped with a stepless variator, and cars with a V6 - a 6-speed automatic transmission. For all options except the simplest , a choice of front -wheel drive or four-wheel drive is offered . The least powerful version can only be all-wheel drive . The presence of such a transmission is a significant advantage for the model, which is positioned as a family car for long trips.
Front suspension, McPherson type , rear double wishbone.
A lphard features a luxurious 7-seater interior with high-quality materials. It has many electronic systems. By design, equipment and comfort, this minivan for a family is comparable to business-class sedans and luxury SUVs, so it is used not only as a family, but also as a representative.
With the cost in the local market starts from almost 3, 3 million rubles, and in Japan - from $ 39.5 thousand .
According to owners on the e Drom.ru website , Toyota Alphard is the best minivan. They assigned him 9 points. In the list rating-avto.ru he took 5th place.
This Japanese car has been manufactured since 1995. In 2013, the 5th generation came out.
Odyssey is equipped with two engines : LFA and K24W. Both are 4-cylinder. The first of 2 liters develops 145 liters. from. and 175 Nm. The second has a volume of 2.4 liters and is found in three settings. Depending on them, it has indicators of power and torque of 175 liters. S., 225 Nm, 185 l. S., 235 Nm, 190 l. S., 237 Nm.
A 2 liter motor is equipped with an automatic transmission, and a 2.4 liter version is equipped with a CVT. The least powerful version is front - wheel drive, and some versions with a 2.4 liter engine are equipped with all-wheel drive.
The front suspension is of the McPherson type , the rear is an uncut beam (for front-wheel drive versions), or De-Dion type (for all-wheel drive) .
The interior of the Odyssey is not as luxurious as that of the Alphard, but it is very modern and matches the analogs. In addition, it is 8-seater.
The cost in the Japanese market is about $ 31 thousand .
In the ranking of minivans of the US News website, Honda Odyssey is in second place. Website edmunds.com recommend it as the best minivan. The Internet resource autobytel.com assigned Odyssey the 5th place in the ranking of the most expensive minivans, the 6th place among new ones, the 4th in the list of cars with the highest mileage on one tank of fuel, and the 9th among low-powered ones. Owners also appreciate this car (8.4 points on the Drom.ru website ). In addition, Odyssey received a very high safety rating from EuroNCAP.
This large family car began a new story this year, and the company released similar models about this . However, this name was carried by some other American family cars. The first ones used it for the prototype of a luxury minivan in 1999. From 2004 to 2008 . Pacifica called the mid-size crossover. The new model is a large family car, a descendant of the Chrysler Town & Country, which was produced since 1982.
Two power plants are available for the machine. Gasoline 3.6 liters V6 develops 287 liters. from. power and 355 Nm of torque. In addition to it, a hybrid version is available, including the same deformed up to 248 liters. from. and 312 Nm V6 electric motor and 16 kW battery.
Pacifica is equipped with a 9-speed automatic transmission. Front and four wheel drive versions are available.
Front suspension McPherson, rear multi-link.
Salon can be 7- or 8-seater. There is an extensive list of both standard and optional equipment.
Cost in the USA starts from $ 28.6 thousand .
Despite the fact that this car recently appeared on sale, he managed to get good grades. So, the US News website awarded him the first place among minivans. The autobytel site names Pacifica the 6th among high-power cars, the 10th in the ranking of the most expensive, the 3rd among the most economical.
Korean minivan, produced since 1999. Since 2014, the third generation has been on the market. In America and Britain, it is called Sedona.
There are 2 engines available for the car. The diesel 4-cylinder with a volume of 2.2 liters develops 202 liters. from. and 441 Nm. A more productive 3.3 liter V6 has a capacity of 280 liters. sec., torque 343 Nm.
Both engines are equipped with a 6-speed automatic transmission. The drive can also be front only.
Front mounted suspension type McPherson, rear - multi-link.
The salon is available in 7- and 8-seater options. Its finishes and equipment match those of family cars like the Chrysler Pacifica.
In the US market, the cost of Sedona starts at $ 26.5 thousand .
In the US News ranking, the model takes 4th place. It is also recommended for purchase by edmunds.com. The site autobytel.com assigned Sedona 7th place among new minivans, 8th among low-cost ones, and 5th place in the ranking of uneconomical ones.
This European machine is an improved version of the Transporter model , manufactured since 1950. Since 201 5 , the 6th generation has been in production .
The car has an extensive range of 5 engines. Gasoline versions are represented by two 2 liter turbocharged engines: the first develops 150 liters. from. and 280 Nm, the second - 204 liters. from. and 350 Nm. Three diesel options. They are represented by a 2 liter four-cylinder turbocharged engine, developing depending on the settings of 102 liters. S., 250 Nm, 140 l. S., 340 Nm, 180 l. S., 400 Nm.
For the simplest gasoline and second diesel engines, a 6-speed manual transmission is available. The least powerful diesel is equipped with a 5-speed manual. The most powerful diesel and gasoline versions complete the 7-speed robotic gearbox. All options are front-wheel drive, but also all-wheel drive is available for them, except for the least powerful gasoline and diesel engines.
Front mounted suspension McPherson, rear - double wishbone.
The 7-seater saloon is very well decorated and richly equipped in all trim levels due to the positioning of the model. The simpler version has Transporter.
This explains the high initial cost of the car, which is more than 2.5 million rubles on the local market .
In 2014, Multivan was recognized as the best in Europe in the category of "family cars", however, it was a model of the previous generation.
Above were considered family car manufacturers, known around the world. Chinese cars can not be compared with them in terms of prevalence . This is due primarily to the fact that many Chinese minivans and other models are available only in the home market or are supplied to developing countries. Moreover, many cars are based on models of well - known manufacturers.
And cars from China as a whole, including Chinese minivans, are attractive at a very favorable price-to-equipment ratio. At a cost at the budget model level, many of them are equipped with a class higher. However, such machines often have problems with quality, reliability and safety. In addition, in terms of technical excellence, they are usually at the level of cars of the end of the last century. So, many Chinese manufacturers use licensed Japanese engines from those times.
Geely Emgrand EV8
This 2010 model has a very rich 7- or 8-seater interior. The manufacturer tried to bring it closer to the finish of world mid-range models like the Honda Odyssey discussed above . The technical base is also quite perfect for a Chinese car. Emgrand EV8 is equipped with 4-cylinder engines of 2 and 2.4 liters. The first develops a capacity of 140 liters. S., the second - 162 liters. from. They are equipped with a 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic transmission. The chassis design is traditional: McPherson in front and an uncut beam at the rear. The cost in China starts from 100 thousand yuan.
Chery Cross Eastar
A more traditional budget Chinese model, produced since 2008. In terms of body shape and interior configuration, it looks more like a station wagon than a minivan. 7 seats in a simply trimmed interior correspond to the level of economy class cars. This model is equipped with a 2 liter four-cylinder engine with a capacity of 136 liters. from. complete with 5-speed manual transmission. Front-wheel drive The front suspension of McPherson, rear, which is unusual for such a budget car, has a multi-link design.
Great wall cowry
Minivan 2008 with a 7- seater saloon. It is a vivid example of copying design from leading manufacturers. In this case, Toyota Voxy was taken as the basis for both the exterior and interior . In terms of quality and technical parameters, the model traditionally lags behind the original. Cowry is equipped with 4-cylinder licensed Mitsubishi engines . The 2 liter version is available in two performance options: 105 liter. from. and 143 liters from. 185 Nm, 2.4 liters develops 163 liters. with., 200 Nm 2 l of the machine is equipped with a 5-speed manual transmission, 2.4 l options - 4-speed automatic. Front suspension McPherson, rear semi-independent.
Above were considered only some models of minivans. Such cars as Renault Espace, Mercedes Benz V-class, Mazda 5, Toyota Sienna, Opel Zafira , etc. are also very popular on the world market.
Minivans and passenger vans are very popular in major markets: in Europe, North America and many Asian countries. In Europe and Japan, compact and mid-size models are most in demand among such cars. Full-size family cars are traditionally popular in the North American market . In developing countries in Asia, most often they buy simple, inexpensive models. In the local market, the class of minivans is one of the least demanded. Wealthy consumers use medium- and full-size SUVs and even similar-sized sedans as family cars . People with modest financial capabilities get what they need: mostly compact sedans and crossovers. Passenger minibuses are mainly used for commercial purposes. Station wagons are also unpopular. Thus, family cars traditional for the whole world, such as minivans and station wagons, are not common in the local market, with the exception of SUVs.