Many parents forget about moral and ethical education. Perhaps that is why the children do not know how to behave, they do not have goodwill and basic politeness. Schoolchildren sometimes show rudeness, aggression, cruelty.
What is ethical education
Each generation has its own views on many things. However, there are certain concepts and qualities of a person that are transmitted from year to year. For example, humanity, politeness, goodwill, responsibility, culture of behavior, understanding, respect. Human qualities can be enumerated endlessly, but they do not appear on their own. Only adults vaccinate their child.
The basis of daily education is a positive example. After all, the baby from early childhood absorbs the good and the bad. What the child will become depends on the pattern of behavior that he has been observing from an early age.
How do gadgets affect parenting
Phones, tablets, computers greatly influence the formation of personality. Information that a child draws from the Internet may be contrary to ethical standards. Moreover, constant pastime on the Web quite often separates children from the real world.
For many children, the best friend is a gadget. They devote to him most of the time. Mom or dad get tired of persuasion and give up - allow you to sit in games for quite some time. As a rule, the child goes to school and already there begins to behave negatively towards others. What is most offensive, the children are not to blame for their behavior, because they have not been taught the usual rules of etiquette.
Of course, gadgets do not have a bad effect on everyone. From the Web, children draw useful information. Therefore, they become more intelligent and advanced people. Thanks to developing cartoons, kids will learn the rules of etiquette, courtesy, good taste. With the help of educational games, they learn to write and read before school.
Targets and goals
Moral education is a complex multifaceted process of relations between parents and a child, which consists of the following tasks:
- To form morality in children.
- To educate and develop moral feelings.
- To develop certain skills and habits of behavior.
Parents need to set goals and objectives for ethical education from the moment the child is very young.
Parents and educators must show their humanity, kindness and justice. In order not to interfere with this education, it is necessary to condemn the insolence and rudeness of other children who are walking with your child.
The goal of each parent should be that the baby knows how to communicate with others, behaves in society culturally and politely.
To achieve goals and objectives, it is important that adults pay a lot of attention to children, encourage good deeds, approve of friendly games, and help in a difficult situation. Thus, parents already teach morality from a young age.
An important condition for moral education
As already mentioned, parents must maintain a positive emotional state of the child. One of the important conditions for the successful development of morality is the creation of a fun and cheerful atmosphere.
Only adults can maintain confidence in the child. Children should know that mom or dad is always there. They will not offend, but will protect their baby from any negativity from others.
Only the optimism of parents helps children to wake up cheerful, cheerful and cheerful. Such a mood in a child lasts all day if he knows that dad and mom love him and will not give offense.
Moral education of preschool children
And so the child went to kindergarten. Now parents can not give him all their attention. He has an environment in the form of children, nannies and educators. Of course, if the mom and dad managed to teach the baby what is bad and what is good, then the child will easily be in contact with new people. If the parents did not teach the crumbs elementary things, he will be very ill in the kindergarten. He will not be able to behave as expected.
With the right approach to education, preschoolers easily perceive complex relationships in society. Quite often, children misrepresent friendships, kindness, honesty, and justice. That is why frequent conflicts arise in his environment.
Education of primary schoolchildren
Even younger students do not always understand the rules of etiquette. It’s just that they sometimes have an incorrect idea about it. For example, they often confuse such concepts as “good”, “honest”, “fair”. Children associate these concepts with “Being good.” If you ask such a child: “What does it mean to be fair?”, He will answer: “To be kind, affectionate and obedient.” And the concept of “Being good” for them means: “Skip my grandmother out of turn” or “Give way in the bus.”
Some babies may please with an accurate and meaningful answer. They perfectly understand that to be kind is to share a toy, sweets, to help a person who is in trouble. Justice is being honest with others and you shouldn’t put the blame on another person.
When you will form the ethical education of younger schoolchildren, you do not need to demand from them an exact definition of the above concepts. After all, the child will understand the content only when he sees a specific example.
Social and ethical standards
Social norms are slightly different from moral ones. With socio-ethical education, adults pay the child's attention more to behavior and communication in society. To do this, adults must read to the baby such tales, where good conquers evil, and justice above all else. Books are read to children for a long time, not because they are voluminous, but in order for the kids to begin to recognize and assimilate everything. Of course, they will not remember all the information, but the important things will be deposited in their head.
After the children get acquainted with fairy tales, works, they will learn to empathize. Of course, you need to read with intonation, with logical stresses to convey the main points so that the child is happy or worried. After reading, discuss the story, but only carefully. After all, the baby should fix its emotions, and not collapse. Thanks to social and ethical education, the child becomes a confident person, who will be easy in the future.
Teenagers are almost adults and they need to be prepared for the future more responsibly. For them, a social institution is a family, an educational system, and a university. The main problem of modern youth in conflict is their unwillingness to work with adults. Teenagers react to any remark emotionally, rudely and with anger.
If a teenager has conflicting behavior, he is not to blame for this. The problem should be sought much deeper, for example, in the family in which the child grew up. Most likely, these students did not have moral and ethical education. Most often, parents forget that the teenager is still a child and do not talk with him, attributing to their employment, fatigue and other excuses. However, as Sukhomlinsky says: “Children are above all. Never put work, parents or spouse in the forefront. ”
Due to the employment of parents, adolescents are engaged in an educational institution where they provide social and moral education. So it turns out that it is teachers who need to emotionally liberate students and give them confidence. The student must feel the atmosphere of freedom, and then he will become a completely different person.
In addition, it is advisable for a teenager to go to some sections where he will participate in competitions, contests, exams. It is then that she will understand how to work on herself and her behavior.
So, in the process of communicating with children, adults from a young age form a positive attitude towards the environment in children. Learns to rejoice, have fun, upset. Emotions strengthen positive qualities in people that are not immediately noticeable, but at least in adolescence.
Of course, one should not exaggerate the strength of feelings that were formed even in preschool age, but at the same time, it must be remembered that it is at this age that the person’s personality develops intensively. If the parents do not know how to explain the rules of etiquette to their child, it is better to turn to the moral code, where everything is described in an accessible way.