Often the preparation of the necessary customs documents may take some time. Therefore, goods are sometimes transferred to the TSW. These are temporary storage warehouses where the conservation of goods has a limited period and is strictly regulated by relevant legislation.
Temporary storage warehouses are suitably equipped rooms, open or closed areas, freezers or refrigerators, and also tanks.
At the temporary storage warehouse there should be zones of constant customs control.
Shelf life of goods at the TSW
The temporary storage warehouse is a kind of transshipment base for foreign cargo during customs clearance and other mandatory procedures. Often, in these warehouses, the cargo is based on the procedure for observing the customs regime (period: from a day to 2 months). Sometimes companies at the request of the employer provide an opportunity to extend the lease of the temporary storage warehouse.
Warehouse: what is it? Varieties
TSW can be of the following types:
- open type, containing any goods whose storage is not provided for by special conditions (tightness or temperature conditions). Tenants of such a temporary storage warehouse are individuals and legal entities. In other words, this type of warehouse is designed to save goods that belong to any business entity;
- closed type, where imported goods are often saved, the list of which is established by relevant legislation. In this case, we are talking about restrictions on trade or cargo requiring special storage conditions (feed, food or medicine). This type of warehouse is intended for the owner of the TSW to save goods belonging only to him.
The owner of the cargo determines the type of selected TSW. This has a certain influence on the decision to rent closed-type temporary storage warehouses. At the same time, the need, reason and individual conditions for saving cargo at the TSW should be indicated.
Obtaining permission for storage at the TSW
“Warehouse for temporary storage”, “customs clearance”, “customs clearance” are terms that can often be found when importing goods.
Permission for the opening and subsequent operation of the temporary storage warehouse is granted by those customs authorities in the operating zone of which the corresponding tanks, rooms, territories or refrigeration (freezing) chambers are used to conduct this type of activity.
In the process of creating temporary storage warehouses, owners should indicate the following areas of activity (optional):
- storage of vehicles and own goods;
- storage of cargo and carrier vehicles;
- saving of cargo of a limited circle of business entities, a list of which must be presented;
- storage of goods of an unlimited circle of legal entities and individuals;
- saving a certain type of goods.
Perishable goods or goods with a limited shelf life can be placed in temporary storage under close customs control for a specified period, allowing them to remain usable, but not more than 90 calendar days. The indicated period may be extended by the customs authority (maximum - 30 days). If the business entity placing the goods at the open type temporary storage warehouse is not its holder, the corresponding application for extending the storage period must be previously agreed with the warehouse holder. If there is a refusal to extend the period, the customs authority must urgently in writing (can be in electronic form) inform the owner of the goods or an authorized person about the grounds for refusal.
Cargo placement documentation
One of the main conditions for placing cargo at the TSW is to ensure clear control of the type and quantity of goods.
Registration by the owner of the placed products of all necessary documentation of a regulatory nature. In accordance with the law, the owner of the goods does not have the right to export this cargo in separate parts from the temporary storage warehouse.
The cargo that is at the temporary storage warehouse must be properly registered, namely:
- declared by the owner or authorized person to the customs regime where the goods are sent;
- transferred to the appropriate customs service for storage;
- sent to other customs authorities under control for their subsequent clearance;
- exported from the territory.
If the goods that are in storage under the control of the customs authorities have passed the declaration, but there is a refusal to extend the shelf life, then they must be transferred to customs warehouses.
And temporary storage warehouses are thus freed. The customs authority
sets the deadline for the export of goods from the warehouse, based on the possibilities of available means for their transportation, as well as loading and unloading equipment.
A single document, which is necessary for the placement of goods for temporary storage, is a unified standard drawn up in the form established by the central authority that ensures the implementation of state policy in the field of finance. The same body also determines the procedure for placement, saving and accounting of commercial cargo at the TSW.
An appropriate contract is drawn up between the holder of the warehouse in question and the business entities that place the goods on it.
The order of placement of goods
At TSW any cargo is placed. In this case, unsafe goods or goods requiring special saving conditions are placed in warehouses where all conditions for such storage are created. Storage of perishable goods in the indicated warehouses is not allowed if before the end of their shelf life less than 1 month.
Before placing goods, the premises are subject to inspection by the customs authorities, which should pay attention to the arrangement of the warehouse and its protection against unauthorized entry.
From many years of practice it is known that it is advisable to place goods at the TSW after the conclusion of a special document, which would reflect such information:
- sending country (recipient country);
- name indicating the address of the Russian sender (recipient) of goods;
- information about the carrier and the vehicle;
- details of transport documentation and cargo.
Permitted cargo operations
The owner of the goods that are in temporary storage can carry out the following operations:
- ordinary warehouse operations that are necessary to ensure the safety of goods (moving goods in a warehouse to ensure rational placement, ventilation, cleaning, maintaining the optimum room temperature, corrosion protection, and inventory);
- measurement and inspection;
- if the packaging is damaged, put it in order;
- sampling and sampling;
- preparation of goods for sale and transportation.
Thus, having figured out in this article why temporary warehouses are needed, it should be noted that these premises or tanks are simply necessary for saving imported goods until all the necessary documents are completed at the customs authorities.