Nowadays, many dangerous and practically insoluble problems have accumulated in the world. The main place among them is drug addiction. It has become an international problem and has become a threat to the security of mankind. That is why we need bold, new and extraordinary ways to solve this dangerous phenomenon. All measures must be taken to prevent the spread of drugs in each individual state and in the world.
Drug abuse is especially threatening to young people. Therefore, this problem should be solved by a comprehensive analysis of what exactly encourages people to use drugs, and how they are treated among young people.
The article will discuss the history and nature of drug addiction, the consequences and measures to combat the phenomenon in society, the basics of counteracting narcotism, the social and psychological causes of narcotism, and the treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts.
First of all, you should understand the definition and clarification of the basic concepts: drugs, drug trafficking, drug trafficking, drug addiction, drug addiction.
Drugs are substances, drugs, plants that are classified as psychotropic drugs or narcotic substances. They pose a health hazard if abused.
The term "drugs" includes three criteria:
- Medical - a substance, agent, drug that has an effect on the central nervous system.
- Social - if the consumption of a substance for non-medical purposes is so widespread that it gains social significance.
- Legal - if a substance is legally recognized as psychotropic or narcotic.
It should be noted that only under the condition of unity of all three criteria can a drug be recognized as a drug.
Addiction is a disease that manifests itself in drug addiction. As a disease, they began to relate to it only in the 18th century. And in the 60s of the XX century, drug addiction took on rampant proportions. At that time, the number of drug users was steadily growing, and the geography of narcotism was expanding. The pace of development and scale have increased.
Addiction and narcotism are closely interconnected. Drug abuse is the prevalence and nature of drug use. This is a very complex definition.
Drug addiction is a broad and abstract phenomenon in nature. A complex phenomenon that is at the intersection of law, psychology, sociology, medicine.
Drug addiction is a social and legal problem in human society. Within the framework of narcotism, drug trafficking can be considered - this is the rotation, movement of these funds in the market of services and goods, covers all kinds of all kinds of actions with drugs and substances.
In addition to illicit trafficking, drug trafficking is also considered within the framework of narcotism - these are all actions aimed at extracting material benefits from the distribution, storage and manufacture of narcotic drugs.
History of occurrence
Drugs were known to man in ancient times and were used as therapeutic, stupefying, hypnotics. For example, opium has been known to mankind for about 6,000 years. His sleeping pills are indicated in the Sumerian tables (4000 BC).
The peoples of the Eastern Mediterranean knew opium in the second millennium BC. Heshod refers to him in the 7th century BC), Herodotus (the 5th century BC). Hippocrates widely used opium for medical purposes.
The army of Alexander the Great brought the culture of opium consumption to Asia (IV century BC). And from India, it spread throughout Southeast Asia. The introduction of opium into medicine in Europe is associated with the name of Paracelsus (16th century).
Social and psychological causes of drug addiction
In the development of drug addiction there are 3 groups of reasons: psychological, physiological, social.
- Physiological factors include heredity (with a constant change in the emotional state, a lack of positive emotions, an increased level of anxiety, a feeling of constant dissatisfaction). All these conditions are associated with impaired brain function. At the initial stage of addiction, psychotropic or narcotic substances help quickly and eliminate all problems. But over time, the effect of taking becomes less pronounced or even disappears, and by that time a person is dependent on drugs.
Psychological reasons are immaturity of a person, daydreaming and separation from reality, inability to satisfy needs in natural ways. As a rule, such personality traits push to addiction as the need to quickly get what you want, painful ambitiousness, high expectations towards yourself that end in disappointment, refusal to solve accumulated problems, rebellion, withdrawal into fantasies. The psychological problems that lead to drug addiction come from childhood.
The psyche of some teenagers is immature, unprepared for adulthood. This is due to excessive custody or excessive requirements for the child. The cause of drug addiction may be domestic violence, after which a person tries to find joy and comfort in drugs.
Addiction is also provoked by a too free style of upbringing and permissiveness, in which the child's pastime, his mental and physical condition are not controlled.
The first use is associated with ordinary curiosity. Sometimes addiction to adolescents is pushed by the desire to achieve intellectual or creative success. Often the reason for the first reception is youthful maximalism, protest self-expression, unwillingness to obey the rules and norms.
Often the reason for the development of drug addiction is more commonplace reasons - self-doubt, boredom, the need to prove something, to be accepted into the company, to imitate idols.
Many of the listed causes of drug addiction are a combination of psychological and social factors.
Social causes include a crisis of values in society, propaganda of antisocial behavior, and the lack of propaganda for a healthy and healthy lifestyle.
The diagnosis of drug addiction is made on the basis of a conversation with the patient, his relatives, as a result of an external examination and the results of tests for the presence of drugs in the body. Before starting treatment, a comprehensive examination is performed: chest x-ray, ECG, ultrasound of the internal organs, blood and urine tests, analysis for syphilis, HIV, hepatitis.
A consultation of doctors of various specialties. A narcologist can refer the patient for a consultation with a psychologist or a psychiatrist to assess intelligence and memory, as well as identify mental illnesses: psychopathy, depression, schizophrenia, and so on.
Treatment of the disease is carried out strictly in a hospital under the supervision of doctors and psychologists. A comprehensive and individual approach is applied to each patient.
The basis of treatment is the removal of psychological and physical dependence on drugs.
Measures are taken to cleanse the body, restore the nervous and cardiovascular system.
Treatment of drug addiction is a very complex and lengthy process, and the result depends only on the patient, who must be configured to cure, which is extremely rare.
Drug treatment, as a rule, often does not have a positive effect, therefore drug prevention is an important way to prevent it.
You should start with a family where the parental example is the key to the prevention of alcoholism and drug addiction. Confidential relations, friendly and open communication between parents and children are also of no small importance. The dictatorial style of education, indifference, and rude attitude towards the child make him vulnerable to drugs.
If a child with adolescence matures communication problems, there is isolation, secrecy, he needs a consultation with a psychologist.
Educational institutions should not be left out, and measures to prevent and combat narcotism should be carried out constantly and in a form accessible to children. That is, they should form a solid life position in healthy adolescents and drug abandonment among adolescent children. Work should be carried out with the involvement of as many children as possible, while choosing relevant and interesting forms: conversation, film, video, social comics, drawing contests, photo contests and so on.
The authorities of each region are obliged to inform and educate the population about the dangers and consequences of drug addiction, to promote a healthy lifestyle.
Prevention of drug addiction also consists in toughening legislation, improving social conditions among people, and reducing contacts with drug addicts.
Drug addiction is a global social problem that attracts various segments of the population.
Addiction is also increasing among adolescent children. Mostly children living in dysfunctional families become drug addicts. But adolescents from wealthy families are not protected from this disease.
Teenage addiction breaks the lives of young and immature guys. The unformed psyche of the child is not able to assess the risks and consequences of taking drugs. They simply do not understand that this is ruining their lives, plans and dreams.
Entering the path of drug addiction, adolescents in most cases commit other illegal acts and crimes. Drugs give rise to juvenile delinquency, which is a big social problem of our time.
It is incredibly difficult to cure a teenager of drug addiction, since he likes to be in a drug state, when all his problems immediately disappear, he does not need to be responsible for his actions or for his promises. He does not want treatment and avoids it in every possible way.
Counter-narcotism among adolescents should be carried out by the joint efforts of all members of society, drug addiction of the younger generation should be eradicated or, at least, reduced.
Harm from addiction
The harm is great! First of all, each individual drug addict poses a threat to society and each family individually.
Drug addiction leads to degradation, disease, personality destruction, death. Among drug addicts a large number of people with AIDS.
Many of them lead a criminal lifestyle. To get money for the next batch, they are engaged in all kinds of criminal actions: car thefts, robberies, violence, murders, robbery.
They bring a lot of trouble and grief to their loved ones.
The harm of drug addiction lies in the fact that the sick, as a rule, are young people. Consequently, drugs undermine the health of future generations, which will sooner or later lead to an aging society. Children born to drug addicts are disabled from birth. They are left right in the hospital, and the care of these babies falls on the shoulders of the state.
Addiction is not just a problem, it is an “ulcer on the body of society,” which must be treated by joint efforts, otherwise it will spread to the entire “body” and destroy it.