The pioneer organization is a children's communist movement that existed during the Soviet Union. It was created in the likeness of the Scout, but there were several significant differences. For example, for both boys and girls, the organization was the same, and the pioneer camps were more like a sanatorium than a sports and tourist complex.
Since 1909, scout movement was actively developing in tsarist Russia; by the beginning of the 1917 revolution , more than 50 thousand teenagers were participating in it. But in 1922 it was dissolved in connection with the establishment of a new system, and in return the ideologically correct pioneer movement came to him.
The idea of creation belongs to N.K. Krupskaya, and the name was proposed by I. Zhukov. The birthday of the pioneer organization is February 2, 1922. It was then that letters were sent to establish local children's groups.
Pioneering was clearly based on scoutism, from which almost all customs and even slogans were taken. Slightly changed shape: instead of green came a red tie. And here is the motto “Get ready!” and the answer is "Always ready!" remained the same.
The pioneer organization consisted of several structural units, the smallest of which was the link, which included from five to ten pioneers led by the link. The detachment consisted of units, usually it was a school class. Its head is the chairman of the squad council.
The units were part of the squad - most often the school acted as the squad. The teams were part of the district, then regional and republican organizations. The whole structure of the pioneer movement was officially called the All-Union Organization named after V.I. Lenin.
The pioneer organization was controlled by the Komsomol (Komsomol organization), and that, in turn, was the CPSU (Communist Party). The activities of the pioneers were regulated by congresses and conferences of the Komsomol.
Palaces and Pioneer Houses actively developed, which were the bases of instructive, methodological and organizational-mass work.
Since the pioneer movement was originally based on the Scout movement, the pioneer life was similar to the Scout movement - songs by the fire, games, etc. But as the organization began to merge with the school, pioneer life acquired more formal significance. Most of the classes were done “for show”. The main activities of the pioneers were:
- collection of scrap metal and waste paper;
- assistance to pensioners;
- military sports game "Zarnitsa";
- competitions - in football ("Leather Ball") and in hockey ("Golden Puck");
- one of the types of volleyball is pionerball;
- protection of water resources (“Blue Patrol”) and forests (“Green Patrol”);
- participation in sports clubs and sections.
In the USSR, this holiday was celebrated on April twenty-second. Various concerts and gatherings were held, and for special merits the pioneers were awarded with diplomas and trips to children's camps of all-Union significance. In some cities, pioneer parades were held. The results of inter-link competitions were summarized, and in the evening festivities were arranged and bonfires were lit.
With the collapse of the USSR, this day ceased to be an official holiday, but it is still remembered. For example, in Ukraine it is celebrated every year in Sevastopol. A festive procession is organized there and various thematic competitions are held.
In addition to the USSR, a pioneer organization existed in all countries of the socialist camp, and still lives in Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, Cuba, and Angola.
Now pioneering is back in fashion - after all, alternatives to this popular children's organization have never been invented.