Every hunter sooner or later asks himself a question: “How to make a fox skin”. After all, the fox is the most common animal in our forests. Fine winter clothes and accessories come out of fox fur, so a well-dressed skin is quite expensive. There are different recipes for dressing fox skins, in this article you will learn the most effective and budget ones.
Remove the skin from the animal
When the hunt is over, and in the hunter's hands a couple of carcasses of foxes, the time comes to think about how and when to remove the skin. In the fox, only its fur is valuable, therefore it is preferable to refresh it in the forest. Of course, if you are holding a dead animal in your hands for the first time, you better postpone its processing until you get home, otherwise you risk spending a lot of time.
It is important not to damage the skin, and leave the paws, head and tail whole, so you need to remove it in a way called a “tube”.
So how to skin the fox?
- Lay the dead fox on its back and spread its hind and front legs to the sides.
- Make an incision from the beginning of the fingers of one hind paw to the beginning of the fingers of the other, crossing the anus.
- Cut the carcass with a knife from the tip of the tail to the intersection with an incision between the legs.
- Cut the skin on the front legs from the elbow to the base of the fingers.
- Gently slipping fingers between the skin and fox meat, and trimming the tendons, slowly remove the skin to the head. Especially be careful in the abdomen, where the skin is particularly delicate.
- Having reached the head, pull the skin to the ears and cut the cartilage at the base, cut the eyelids and tighten the skin all the way to the nose, to completely separate the skin from the carcass, cut the tip of the nose from the inside so that it remains to the skin. Remove the ear cartilage.
It is important to get fur without any holes, and not anyhow how to remove the skin from a fox. But if in the process of flashing you still made flaws, sew them.
Rub the skin with coarse salt and leave to dry for two days.
To make it easier to degrease the skin, after it has dried, it must be soaked for a while in a special solution. Dressing fox skins at home is slightly different from industrial. To produce high-quality soaking of the material, you need fairly simple components.
- Acetic essence (90% vinegar).
- Dishwashing liquid.
- Capacity for soaking.
The processing of the fox skin during the soaking process is as follows:
In a sufficiently large container, you need to prepare a solution based on per liter of water with a temperature of about 25 degrees: 1 tbsp. l salt (stir until completely dissolved), mix with 1 tsp. detergent, an incomplete tablespoon of vinegar essence and two tablets of furacilin.
Put the skins in a container with a solution. The first two hours every fifteen minutes, the contents of the container should be stirred with a stick with a rounded end, so as not to perforate the skin and damage the fur (if the container is small, tongs for cooking clothes are great). Then the skins are enough to stir once every three hours. The optimal soaking time is 12 hours. The degree of readiness is judged by the head and paws. For finished skins, they are soft, as if they were only separated from the body. And if after 12 hours the soaked skins are not ready, the solution is drained, continuing to soak in a freshly prepared mixture.
Since the fox is not the cleanest animal, after soaking, foxhide dressing at home requires washing. Washing does not only wash away dirt and dead parasites from fur and skin, but also slightly degreases fabrics, which greatly facilitates subsequent smearing, and eliminates unpleasant odor from the skin. Ideally, the wash should be done both before the stain and after.
To wash the skin of a fox, laundry soap is best , but some use detergent.
In a large amount of cool water, beat the soap into a strong foam, rinse the carcass well and leave it wet for twenty minutes, then rinse it in clean cool water.
Dressing the fox skin requires mandatory dressing. Coating is the cleansing of the skin of the remaining subcutaneous fat and meat. After proper cleansing of fat, the skins become soft, gentle and pleasant to the inside from the inside.
The coiling process requires a lot of experience and concentration, therefore, asking yourself “where to make a fox skin?”, You should try to find someone familiar with this process who can control your first work. Treat this stage of work the most responsibly, since it is with mesentery that the skins are most often spoiled. Each animal has its own skin thickness, and they need to be cleaned of fat and meat with different intensity and pressure, a little overdone - and all the fur will fall out. Who needs a fox without fur?
For coiling at home, it is best to use a convex wooden board, stretching the skin over it. For lack of such, this stage can be done on your own lap, wearing old clothes and hiding behind oilcloth.
With mesentery, the films, fat and meat are scraped off from the inside of the skin with a blunt knife, tilted at an angle of 45 degrees. Moreover, this should be done only in the direction from the tail to the head, otherwise you will leave unnecessary cuts on the skin. With a well-soaked fox, fat should be removed with ease, if this is not the case, the soaking process should be repeated.
Pickling or pickling?
Both pickling and pickling are very important stages, without which no dressing of fox skins can be done at home. These processes change the structure of the protein, so that the skins become soft and supple, stretch perfectly and do not tear.
It is believed that pickling has a better effect on the quality of the skin than pickling. Really living bacteria affect the tissues more sparingly. But because of its high cost and unbearable smell in home dressing, this method is used infrequently. In addition, this version of the skinning is longer.
The recipe is as follows:
For two liters of warm (not hot !!!) water, 0.5 kg of coarsely ground oatmeal or rye flour is taken, 60. salt, 15 g of dry yeast and 1 g of soda. The skin is put in a cool mixture and left to ferment for 48 hours. Periodically stir the solution.
Pickling, although it is considered a less high-quality method of processing hides, has several advantages. For example, in a solution of chemical acids, the skin comes in readiness much faster, there is no unpleasant odor. So the choice is yours.
For pickling, mix 2 liters of water with 100 ml of vinegar essence and 2 tbsp. l salt. In such a solution, the skin should lie no more than a day, although seven hours is usually enough.
Checking the readiness of the skins
You can check the readiness of the skin in several ways.
Several hairs tear from the bottom of the fox’s abdomen, if they are easily separated, the skin is ready.
Fold the skin several times, if there is an imprint on the skin, it is ready.
- Separate a strip of the top layer of skin.
If the piece has come off easily, then the skin can be removed.
After pickling, to neutralize the acid, the skin is placed for half an hour in a soda solution (1 gram of water needs 1 gram of soda). Then it is left to dry under oppression for a day.
Next, the skin should be dried on the rule. Constantly changing its position (with fur in and fur out).
For fox skins, tanning is necessary. It will help protect fox clothes from external adverse factors.
There are many recipes for making fox skin (tanning). Here are two of them.
- A large saucepan to the top, beat the willow bark, pour water and boil for about 40 minutes. Then strain the broth and add salt there (tbsp. L. Salt per 1 liter of broth).
Apply the prepared cooled solution several times with a brush or sponge to the skin of the skin. Roll the skin out and leave it to dry.
- For 1 liter of warm water you need to take: 2 tbsp. l salt, tanning agent, mixed with water, (according to instructions) 1 tsp. and hyposulfite 1 tsp Load the skins into a container with a tannin and leave for a day.
Dressing fox skins at home is tedious. The plasticity of the skin will depend on the drying. Dry the skins on the rule, constantly removing and stretching it in different directions. When the skin turns white and becomes tender, the skin can be left to dry, and after the cut, they are treated with fine-grained emery paper.
So that the skin is not too dry, it will have to be burned. Take 100 g of soap, 1 kg per liter of water. fish or pork fat, and 20 g of ammonia. Wipe the beeswax with this mixture, and let it dry for a couple of hours.
Everything, the skin is ready !!!