From time to time, owners of apartments and houses have to decide the fate of old pieces of furniture that no longer fit into the new interior. If throwing them away does not raise a hand, then the restoration will be the right decision. Of course, resuscitation a headset of pressed sawdust and plastic will cost more than buying a new one, but if you have good quality furniture, you can try to give it a second life. This article will focus on the chest of drawers, you can perform its restoration yourself. You can use one of the techniques presented in the article for this.
Preparation of tools and materials
To carry out restoration work should prepare:
- putty knife;
- paint roller;
- self-tapping screws;
- wood glue.
If there is no grinding machine, then it can be replaced with an emery cloth. Material of different grit should be prepared. The paint roller can be replaced with a wide fillet. If the connections are loose, then fasteners and glue should be prepared. The restoration of the chest of drawers should be carried out using some materials, among them:
- primer composition;
- wood putty;
In order for staining to turn out to be an easy process, you need to take care of the presence of masking tape, it can be replaced with a mounting tape.
To begin with, the chest of drawers must be examined. It is important to strengthen the loosened loops, nails should be replaced with self-tapping screws. The joints need to be greased with good glue, rust can be eliminated with a special solution. The old coating can be cleaned when restoring the chest of drawers with sandpaper or a grinder.
If traces of woodworms are found in the wood, then the material should be treated with an antiseptic. It is important to inspect the piece of furniture for damage. Defects can have varying degrees of complexity. In the presence of dents and chips, they must be coated with a primer. The composition is left until dry, and after the defects should be treated with putty. It is applied in several layers, waiting for each to dry.
If the dent is covered with a thick layer, then the material will not hold firmly, and after drying it will completely become cracked. Therefore, the application should be carried out in a thin layer. Deep scratches and cracks can be repaired with furniture wax, the main thing is to choose it from the wide variety on the market. Thus, wax can be:
- in color;
After warming up, the product is rubbed into damage. If at the final stage the dresser will be painted, you should choose a transparent wax. Minor defects need to be removed with sandpaper, and then decorate with a primer.
The restoration of the chest at the next stage involves the application of paint. Once you have dealt with the damage, the surface can be prepared for applying a decorative layer. The putty places are cleaned with sandpaper, and at the next stage you can apply the primer in several layers, in this case the paint will lie as even as possible.
First you can use the metallic color composition. Next, using masking tape, you need to limit those parts that will be intended for applying a different color. You can use black. The contrast will be very effective. New accessories are installed taking into account the selected shade.
Restoration of a chest of drawers can be performed using the technology of applying craquelure varnish. This technique does not involve large costs, but will allow you to transform the furniture. When dried, such a composition forms a kind of crack that allows you to create the effect of antiques. To carry out the work you will need:
- acrylic paint;
- matt acrylic varnish;
- one-component craquelure varnish;
- wide brush.
Recommendations for the use of varnish
It is important to choose the craquelure varnish correctly, its consistency should be liquid. The viscous composition is rather poorly applied, and after drying it does not look very attractive. Before applying the varnish should not be mixed, as the resulting bubbles will spoil the effect. Technique is best to pre-test on other surfaces. The room should be dry and warm. In order to prevent small debris and dust from settling on the applied layer, wet cleaning should be done.
Technology of work
Do-it-yourself restoration of the dresser by applying craquelure varnish provides for the alignment of wood defects and the repair of cracks. The surface is primed in 3 layers and dried. At the first stage, the main color should be applied, usually it is represented by a darker shade that will appear through the cracks. The layer should be allowed to dry. Further, the surface is covered with craquelure varnish.
In order for the cracks to be larger, the layer should be made thick enough. The varnish needs to be dried so that it sticks to the fingers, but does not stain them. At the next stage, you can start applying light-tone paint. After a while, you will see a network of cracks form on the surface. In conclusion, an acrylic varnish should be applied on top. Restoration of an old chest of drawers using this technology may include the use of accessories in golden or bronze colors.
Technique of two-phase craquelure
If the dresser has an elegant pattern that you don’t want to paint over, you can apply the two-phase craquelure technique. For work should prepare:
- grout oil paint;
- acrylic lacquer;
- two-component craquelure varnish.
Craquelure varnish in this case will be used to age the surface. This mixture is applied in two stages, the second composition will be used to form cracks. In order to achieve the most effective result, you should use a varnish with a patina effect, it will darken the surface and make it a little dull. Transparent varnish will not affect the color of the picture.
Restoring a dresser at home at the first stage involves preparing the surface, it should be covered with a patinating layer of varnish. If there is no picture on the piece of furniture, then you can create it using the decoupage method. The applied layer is dried until it sticks, after which you can begin to apply the second phase of the varnish, it is aged to the same state. Cracks that have appeared should be grouted using a sponge. You can refine the patterns with gold powder, this will give the dresser a presentable look. Restoration of the old chest of drawers with their own hands involves fixing the result, this can be done by applying a layer of acrylic varnish.
This technology is very popular today. You can implement it using pictures that you can pick up on your own. The most primitive chest of drawers can be made the center of the interior. To do this, prepare:
- acrylic paint;
- PVA glue;
- colorless acrylic varnish;
- sand paper;
If you decide to independently carry out the restoration of the chest of drawers, photos of the furniture “resuscitated” by other craftsmen will certainly help you make the choice. Having familiarized with them, you will be able to understand which technology is better to use. If you prefer decoupage, then first you need to coat the surface with a primer and paint in the desired color, which will be in harmony with the main shade of the picture. Images are cut out and applied to the surface. Pictures are soaked in water after you mark their location on the surface of the chest of drawers. Glue should be applied to the marked areas of the piece of furniture, and then attach pictures. Once they are dry, you should cover the base with varnish in 2 layers.
If you perform restoration of the chest with your own hands at home according to one of the above proposed methods, then you will not want to part with a piece of furniture, which until recently was preparing for removal to a landfill. The dresser after the upgrade can become the center of attention in the room.