This science is represented by the field of knowledge about the essence of innovative activity, its organization and management, ensuring the transformation of newly acquired knowledge into innovations demanded by society. This process can be based on both commercial and non-commercial interests (use in the social sphere can serve as an example). As an epistemological root, the specialty "Innovation" uses many sciences and various branches of knowledge. Among the main ones, the following can be distinguished: economics and entrepreneurship, philosophy and psychology, sociology and pedagogy, organization of production, marketing and logistics, as well as computer science.
This subject is quite successfully used as a theoretical and methodological basis for modeling and formal description of the activities of any organization and its management. Unlike other scientific fields, the theory of innovation studies the progressive development of various objects, their transition from one type of socio-economic system to another, from one state to another, more stable and characterized by high parameters. This area of science will ensure the use of the results obtained with the subsequent increment of intellectual capital.
The specialty "Innovation" refers to a special subject area,
which has an independent object of research, represented by the process of innovation in the socio-economic system. In this case, specialists in this field of knowledge take into account the result of their use with the subsequent dissemination of new knowledge, the results of scientific and technical activities. The specialty "Innovation" is based on the systematic conduct of scientific research, which has the following properties: novelty, relevance, feasibility, beneficial effect.
The subject itself in educational institutions considers the laws, laws and principles of all innovative processes in various systems. Research is also being conducted on models and methods for describing the organization, followed by the management of innovation at various levels of the economy.
Aspects of Innovation
Innovation in itself is a specialty introduced into scientific circulation by the Austrian economist Schumpeter. In Russian scientific literature, this term first appeared in the 80s of the twentieth century. A new specialty “Innovation” has been opened in leading higher educational institutions of the Russian Federation.
This science contains the following aspects:
- The theoretical basis of activities in the field of innovation;
- modeling of various processes containing some novelty;
- organization and management of the introduction of all new technologies at domestic enterprises;
- state regulation of these issues;
- management of investment processes in this field of research;
- building principles of scientific and technical activities on a commercial basis.
Summing up, it should be noted that innovation is today a powerful potential that can transform gray reality into an interesting, eventful life.