Work, labor, paid activity is one of the most important aspects of the life of a modern person. Work helps us realize ourselves as a professional, specialist and personality. For many, this is also a way to contact people, social life. And where does the work begin? Of course, with a job search and recourse to a potential employer.
It is precisely as a “appeal” in the labor sphere that a resume is used. This article discusses the concept of the term, types of resumes, filling requirements and some tricks in its creation, which psychologists talk about.
The meaning of the term
The term "resume" came to us from the Latin language. Translated, it means "biography." If you go into the essence of this document, then the decryption is really suitable. In it, we really describe almost our whole life: education, work experience, marital status, relationships with our past employers, personal qualities and characteristics, completed projects and so on.
In this document, the applicant should contain as much important information as possible, while observing the brevity and specificity, as well as some unwritten requirements for filling.
Why do I need a resume?
All types of resumes are designed for one single purpose - to draw the attention of a potential employer to their person, to tell him about their pluses, abilities, skills, experience, to show that it is you who are the best employee option for the proposed vacancy. If you imagine the labor market in the usual understanding of the market for most people, it turns out that the employer is the buyer, the applicant is the seller.
He sells his talents and experience for a certain price - wages. Then the resume itself acts simultaneously as a description of the goods, commercial offer and advertising. A good advertising, as you know, the demand for goods should increase. To do this, various tricks and types of resumes are used. They should be used depending on the desired position, area of work and the format of the organization itself.
Types of Resume
Resumes of different specialists can seriously differ from each other. It all depends on the direction of work, work experience, track record and other features of each individual candidate. There are several forms for filling out this document:
- Universal or professional resume - used in the vast majority of cases. Actual for applicants with a good track record, lack of gaps in work, without dark spots on reputation and deliberately hidden past jobs. Information about the candidate is described sequentially in separate blocks.
- The functional form of the resume is relevant for specialists with a specific set of skills, the presence of knowledge of a narrow focus. Also, the functional form is suitable for those who retrained and changed their field of activity or simply did not return for a long time to such work. This form implies a detailed description of the functions, knowledge and experience in the requested position without the need to describe in detail the process of their accumulation at various workplaces.
- The chronological summary places particular emphasis on the temporal sequence of employment. Such a summary successively describes the jobs and training that affect the same niche of work. Suitable for people who work for a long time in a particular field or position and further see themselves only in it.
- A chronologically functional resume is a hybrid of the two forms outlined above. It preserves the structure of the sequence in time, and also details certain events that have the greatest weight in the totality of the specialist’s experience.
- Target resume - it is compiled for employment in a predetermined organization, taking into account its features, requirements, structure and staff. Also, a targeted resume is indispensable for people with a specific job.
- Academic resume - a document of the applicant planning his future activities in the field of professions and teaching. The main part of the summary is a list and description of works, articles, studies and publications of a scientist.
Nothing stands still. Also the area of employment. With the development of technology and an increase in the competition for particularly privileged jobs, new types of resumes appear that should pay much more attention to the applicant than standard forms. Well, or just prove to be much more convenient to use:
- Creative and creative appeals to the employer. If you work in an area where a moment of imagination is needed, the ability to think outside the box, and also to create a new one, you need just such a resume.
- Internet resume. An electronic form can be found on any employment portal. All online labor exchanges assume a standard form and sequence of items. Now, applicants do not need to think about the competent construction of the body of the document, the site developers have already done everything for them.
Resume - an arbitrary document. Nowhere is it written what it should be. The applicant is not forbidden to make it to his taste. However, it is worth listening to some of the requirements described by experienced recruiters, otherwise your “creative leaflet” may never be read.
- Personnel officers note that the volume of the resume should be equal to one A4 page. A maximum of two. Nobody will just read the long resume and your unsurpassed qualities will not leave any impression on employers. Also happens with a resume that is too short. The impression of emptiness and lack of qualification of the applicant. A short summary should be arranged so that it occupies a sheet.
- Use standard fonts without visual effects. They complicate the perception of the text. And if a person has considered hundreds of such resumes during a working day, he is unlikely to have a desire to peer into a poorly read text and spoil his eyesight.
- The font size should be 12-14 pt.
- Sections and blocks of the document should be clearly separated from each other.
- All pages must contain the serial number, last name and first name of the applicant.
What should contain a resume
What sections should contain a resume? An electronic form for filling in any job search site is the most easily accessible cheat sheet for the job seeker. So, the standard resume form contains the following information blocks:
- Personal data. Surname, first name, marital status, date of birth (age), children, geographical data, photograph.
- Personal qualities for a specialist resume. It is important to do without cliches and write only what is really important in this labor sphere.
- Qualification and specialization. Decide what is the most important for the employer in the array of your skills.
- Education. Where did they study, in what year did they graduate, what specialty did they receive at the end of the educational institution.
- Experience. A listing of past jobs with time ranges, as well as all the service functions that you performed.
- Additional Information. Have you passed additional education, is there a car and the right to drive it, are you ready for business trips and moving.
- Recommendations from past jobs. If you parted with past employers on a friendly note, ask them to write a recommendation for you on the organization letterhead. Additional positive qualities for the resume will not hurt. This is really a good help in further employment.
About Cover Letter
Applicants who plan to get a good position in a large modern organization need to supplement the resume with a cover letter. Such an addition, for example, must necessarily have a resume of the director or top manager.
In it, the applicant for the workplace reveals additional information about himself that is important for the position. For example, these are plans for the future, readiness for professional growth in a particular company, what exactly is the applicant ready to do for its promotion. Also in the cover letter you can specify salary expectations.
What to write in a resume for a senior position
The resumes of the director, general director, top manager and other senior positions should be worked out especially carefully. They will not take the first person they come to such a position.
The community of shareholders or the dominant organization needs to be interested in its candidacy. And therefore, it is important not only to list past workplaces, but also to tell you what you achieved at them, what successes and benefits the organization acquired during the period of your management.
For such resumes, as personnel services note, it is not even necessary to observe the “one sheet” rule. It is important to fully disclose your talents, skills and experience.
What to write in a resume without work experience
Do not be afraid of your inexperience. All specialists once got a job for the first time, all had conversations with the management and sent out their characteristics to different vacant places.
A resume without work experience is not a stigma. You should soberly assess your knowledge in the field of employment, probably have an internship for some time, work with a lower salary until you understand all the nuances of the assigned functions.
The only thing that is strictly prohibited is to never deceive a potential employer. Do not enter undeserved awards, do not invent previous jobs. All of this can easily open.
Today there are blacklist sites for both employers and job seekers. And if the organization makes the name of the cunning applicant in such a database, it will be much more difficult for him to find a job later.