If you have ever done work where there is a need for the use of glue, then you probably came across a problem, which is expressed in the low quality of the acquired composition. That is why home craftsmen often think about how to make glue. Many today are trying to find an alternative solution, which is to create an adhesive with their own hands. If you are constantly accustomed to tinkering with something, as well as experimenting, then recommendations on how to make glue will be extremely useful.
In some cases, they resort to this only when there is an urgent need to carry out any work related to the use of glue. This may concern the incorrectly calculated volume of the composition, which ended in the midst of work on wallpapering. How to make PVA glue at home will be described below, but the paste is prepared in a slightly different way.
In order not to give up business and not go to the store, you can make glue at home, and its quality will not only be similar, but in some cases even higher compared to purchased counterparts. In this case, you can be sure that the composition will not be harmful to human health. If you are thinking about how to make glue, then you need to prepare the materials that can be found in every home. Among the ingredients, wheat flour can be distinguished.
Adhesive recommendations and proportions
For carrying out the manipulations you will need water in the amount of 1 liter, 6 tablespoons of flour, as well as a container, the last of which should be selected depending on the expected amount of glue. First you need to heat the water to 100 degrees, then in a separate bowl in a small amount of water, dilute the mentioned volume of flour until a homogeneous mixture is formed. If you are interested in the question of how to make homemade PVA glue, then the tips below are useful to you. The mixture should be free of lumps. As a result, you should get a composition that, by consistency, resembles a thick sour cream. It must be poured into boiling water in a thin stream, while constantly stirring. The composition is brought to a boil and left until cool. When finished, such glue will have a jelly consistency. If you are faced with the task of how to make glue, then you can use starch. In terms of effectiveness, it will be the same as the above mixture. In some cases, such adhesives are superior in quality to industrial options. Wallpaper will hold firmly on any surface. With the help of such a composition, it will be possible to glue all types of cardboard and paper.
Recipe for PVA glue
Before making PVA glue, you should familiarize yourself with the technology. This composition is the most common among those that are used when performing repair work. Among other things, without this mixture large-scale construction manipulations are not complete. The composition is used even in the preparation of solutions that are used for facing surfaces with tiles. Apply it instead of the primer, as well as before the final finish. The scope is wide, which is why we can confidently say that polyvinyl acetate is a universal tool that can be prepared independently. If you are thinking about how to make PVA glue, it is important to consider that it must contain a strict ratio of all ingredients. Thus, per liter of distilled water you will need ethyl alcohol in an amount of 20 milliliters, pharmacy glycerin in a volume of 4 grams, photographic gelatin in a volume of 5 grams, and wheat flour - it will need 100 grams. How to make glue from flour and water, you will learn in the article. In order to prepare the composition, it is necessary to overcome two stages, the preparatory one acts as the first, during which gelatin should be soaked in a glass for a day. The second stage is the main one.
PVA Preparation Recommendations
After the gelatin softens in water, you can start preparing glue. The container in which distilled water will need to be poured should be placed in a water bath. You need to add gelatin and flour to it, the last of which is mixed in a small amount of water. The mixture should turn out without lumps. It is brought to a boil, but it is not necessary to boil. The composition should resemble thick sour cream in consistency. In order to achieve uniformity, stir the mixture constantly. If you are faced with the question of how to make PVA glue at home, then you can use the recommendations given in the article. In the next step, alcohol and glycerin are added to the mixture obtained in the water bath. In order to get the most thick mass, the mixture must be thoroughly mixed. These manipulations can take up to 10 minutes, which will depend on the amount of glue. Before using the composition, it must be well cooled.
Making wood glue
This type of glue is the most acceptable option for gluing wood. The composition effectively copes with gluing cardboard, paper, as well as other materials. However, such mixtures have some features, among them you can distinguish an unpleasant pungent odor, as well as a short shelf life in liquid form, since the ingredients quickly deteriorate, gel and mold. For these reasons, the glue must first be boiled, and then prepare a lot of gelatinous consistency. If necessary, you can cut off pieces of the desired volume, and then heat them over low heat, which will allow the mass to gain a liquid appearance. There are several ways, one of which will help to prepare high-quality glue. Below are the most affordable for home use.
The first method of manufacturing wood glue
If you are thinking about how to make glue at home, then you can use traditional wood glue. It is crushed and soaked in a container of water until a complete swelling of the particles occurs. The composition should be as soft as possible. The latter is placed in a container for melting. You can make it yourself using a tin can. The container is placed in a water bath and exposed to low heat. It is important to constantly mix the composition using a wooden stick. It is necessary to exclude the moment of burning, since in this case the mass will change color and lose its adhesive ability. As soon as the mass passes into a liquid state, it must be diluted with vodka, using a certain proportion. It involves the use of 950 grams of vodka per 720 grams of adhesive. Depending on the glue volume, powder alum must be added. They are used in an amount of 12 grams for every 100 grams of adhesive.
If you can properly prepare carpentry glue in this way, then you can ensure the maximum strength of the surfaces, as well as their water-repellent properties.
The second way to make wood glue
If you are thinking about how to make glue at home, then you can use the second method. For this, in a tin can, traditional carpentry glue should be boiled, adding water in a ratio of one to one. After that, when the composition is somewhat thickened, the mass should be poured into a porcelain bowl, and then use a stick for rubbing until a gelatinous mass forms. It is laid out on a plate, after it is well cooled and cut into separate pieces. In this form, the composition can be stored, and if it becomes necessary to use it, then for every 720 grams of the workpiece, you need to add 360 grams of vodka and 720 grams of water. The resulting mixture is brought to a boil.
The third method of manufacturing wood glue
If this technology will be used, then a water bath should be used, a liter of water and 1 kilogram of traditional wood glue are added to the tank. It is important to prepare and add 1 liter of 9 percent table vinegar. Once the ingredients dissolve, you can add a liter of vodka, providing constant mixing.
The fourth method of manufacturing wood glue
Before you make the glue with your own hands, you must choose the most optimal way for you to work. As the latest technology, a technique that involves the use of wood glue and water will be described, these ingredients are used in a one to one proportion. It is important to heat the future composition in a water bath, achieving full thickening. After that, the weight part of glycerin, which is equivalent to the weight part of glue, is added. It is important to heat this composition until the water has completely evaporated. The resulting mixture should be laid out in a mold, and then dried. Such glue will be stored exactly as long as necessary. For use, you will need to dilute it with water, using a one to one ratio.
Production of adhesive for foam
Recently, foam and polystyrene foam are often used for heat and sound insulation of residential buildings. Their fastening is carried out on a bearing wall. When choosing a composition for fixing these materials, it should be noted that acetone-type solvents are able to melt the canvas. That is why carpentry glue acts as the most suitable option. However, at home, you can perform another waterproof composition, where you should use cottage cheese. To carry out these works, you should mix this ingredient with hydrated lime in equal proportions until a homogeneous mass is obtained. It is advisable to use such a composition after preparation, without leaving it in storage, since it quickly becomes hard.
Wood glue making
Information on how to make glue from starch was presented above. However, in some cases, there is a need for gluing puzzles, wood or leather. An excellent option for this is glue called casein.
At home, the process of degreasing the cottage cheese should be carried out. Why it is soaked in soda solution for 20 minutes. About 1 tablespoon of drinking soda should be used per 1 liter of water. After you can thoroughly rinse with running water, the cottage cheese must be wrung out and dried until it reaches a solid consistency. From it should be prepared a powder called casein.
Glue preparation process
How to make glue from flour, you already know, now it's time to familiarize yourself with the information in which the technology for obtaining the adhesive composition from dry casein is expressed. To do this, the powder is poured into any dishes, which preferably should be flat. After you need to add a little water, constantly stirring the composition. For one part of the powder, two parts of the liquid should be used. This will allow you to get a fairly thick mass.
It will take about 30 minutes to mix. However, this process can be accelerated using a mixer. This glue will perfectly strengthen the elements of wood. The disadvantage of this mixture is that it must be used within 3 hours. After this time, the mixture will harden and will be unusable.
Making glue for needlewomen
If you are still interested in the question of how to make glue from flour, then you should familiarize yourself with the information below. If you need to glue different types of fabric, then for this you can use special glue, which is made on the basis of wheat flour.
For 3 tablespoons of flour, you need 1 cup of water. The ingredients are mixed, and then poured into a glass of boiling water. This mixture should be brought to a boil, after it cools down, you can use it.
If you are faced with the task of how to make home glue, then you can use a slightly different method, it involves the use of one tablespoon of flour, the same amount of potato starch, as well as granulated sugar in the above volume. All ingredients are mixed together, poured into a glass of water and brought to a boil.