Floristics is an interesting technique for assembling a variety of bouquets of flowers. Anyone can learn how to make compositions of roses and any other flowers. In today's world, floristry courses have become quite popular. Everyone can attend classes and learn something new. That's why, in the case of the upcoming birthday of someone close or dear, do not postpone the first lessons.
Compositions of roses are wonderful because it is possible to make them yourself, without resorting to the services of a professional florist and, accordingly, saving.
Preparation of material and tools
In order to collect a bouquet, it is necessary to prepare raw materials and tools. Raw materials include flowers, as well as buds, greens, branches, decorative grass. Do not forget about the artificial decor - butterflies, hearts, beads, etc.
The use of scissors, secateurs, staplers, special sticky tape can significantly speed up and facilitate the process of creating a composition. It is also necessary to take a decorative net, film or beautiful wrapping paper to wrap the finished bouquet, ribbons.
After acquiring all the necessary tools, start preparing plants. Firstly, it will be necessary to strip the lower segments of each stem from the leaves, remove the spikes. Secondly, sort by size all the twigs and flowers.
The methods of forming flower arrangements are completely different. A bundle of flowers and greenery, wrapped in a film, tied with twine, looks scruffy and uninteresting, but such techniques are sometimes used to obtain original and unusual compositions. For a beginner, it will be optimal to get acquainted with the assembly classics before moving on to creativity.
The main types of composing bouquets include:
The simplest option is to make a buttonhole - a tiny, flat bouquet on one side, containing, as a rule, 1 flower and decor. There is no need for specialist advice. Complex techniques include creating an asymmetric bouquet.
Table compositions are made using the parallel method, and the symmetric method is used in the assembly of round bouquets.
The combination of plants in bouquets
The main criterion for the successful work of a novice florist is the ability to combine colors when decorating bouquets of roses. Each shade should complement the neighboring one - for this you need to feel complementary colors and absolutely not suitable for each other. You also need to learn how to choose the color scheme in accordance with the purpose of the bouquet - flowers in warm shades will make it livelier, cold - more restrained. Warm are flowers of orange, red and yellow, and cold - blue, purple.
The proportions in the composition
When making bouquets of different colors, do not forget to adhere to the rules and observe the correct proportions. This refers to the size of the container, the flowers placed in it, and the leaves. There is a harmony rule for florists and it consists in the following: with a vertical arrangement of a bouquet, five parts out of eight will necessarily fall on it, and the remaining three on a vase.
For a horizontally elongated composition, there is another rule: the length of short branches will be three parts, long - five. Otherwise, the longest branch will be equal to 1.5 * diameter of the pot.
Collecting the boutonniere
A boutonniere is a classic jewelry for men's suits. As a rule, it is made from the same colors that are present in the bouquet assembled for the bride. The main rule of creation is to install in the middle of one large flower, further complemented by decor.
So, let's collect the boutonniere!
We will need 1 main flower. Any florist will recommend that at the beginning of work, immerse the 4-hour branch in a container with cold water - for a long time to maintain freshness. Then, we cut the stem obliquely, and gently pierce the inflorescence with a wire in the vertical or horizontal direction - it depends on the further location of the flower.
Typically, specialized stores use reservoirs for boutonnieres with a liquid that prolongs the freshness of inflorescences, but at home you can use paraffin - just melt it and immerse a slice of the flower. There is an even simpler way - wrap the stalk with a cotton-soaked disk of water and fix it with tape.
Slightly below this flower, we will arrange small branches, buds, also fixing with adhesive tape.
Decorate with ribbons, beads - that's it! A little rose composition is ready!
Do not forget that 1 of its sides is flat - for accurate fastening on a jacket.
The bride's bouquet
The classic version of course will be roses - white, red, pink - it doesn’t matter! In any color they are gorgeous!
First, decide what shape, shade, size your bouquet will be. It is important to consider the theme of the wedding and your options. For a tall bride, a larger bouquet is wonderful; for a miniature, the composition should be smaller.
When you finally decide that you will collect the wedding bouquet with your own hands, conduct a real assessment of your capabilities. Do not make your first “masterpiece” using expensive flowers, and don’t take up the complicated scheme right away! Learn gradually, disappointments and mistakes will be much less!
Let's try the classics - spiral technique for a round composition of white roses. Each flower is placed with a slight slope, forming a circle, while the stems are folded tightly to each other.
Before starting the process, remove the thorns and excess leaves. Still roses do not tolerate neighborhood with other plants at all - don't forget about this either!
The decorative finish of the bouquet is directly dependent on the wedding theme - “country” does not like pretentiousness, rather simple becheva. On the contrary, "retro", vintage necessarily require rhinestones, beads, feathers, etc.
The simplest way to decorate a composition of roses is green twigs - gypsophila, asparagus. The leg is made out with the help of fabric, lace, ribbons.
To create a classic bouquet of white roses, we need:
- White roses 9 pcs.
- Pink small spray roses of 5 branches.
- Gypsophila 3 pcs.
- A bit of floristic wire.
- Ribbon suitable shade.
At a distance of five centimeters from the inflorescence, we get rid of all the thorns and leaves. We lay in a spiral, forming a circle. Large roses - in the middle, then small ones, and at the very end we place the gypsophila. We fix it very firmly with wire. Leave the length of the leg about twenty centimeters, cutting off all unnecessary. We wind the place of attachment with several turns of tape - if you want, you can hide all the stems. Paste with rhinestones or beads. A wonderful bouquet is ready!
Arrangements of roses in a basket
Such a present, besides being made by one’s own hands, will come in handy for any occasion. The stems of the flowers are cut very short, respectively, moisture in the inflorescence reaches quickly and the composition remains for a long time. Also, baskets filled with flowers are more convenient to hand in - for such bouquets, a container of water is not required.
To make such an original bouquet, take either a ready-made basket or weave it yourself. Now you need to cover it with cellophane and in the center put a sponge for floristry, soaking it with moisture. And then the most interesting: prepare the flowers, cut them obliquely and insert them into the sponge, forming, for example, a composition of yellow roses. Although you can combine any shades of colors!
Tips from experienced florists
Professionals have a lot of simple rules for composing compositions from fresh flowers. After all, bouquets should retain their freshness for the longest possible time, plants must be placed correctly in them ... And just the right preparation of flowers is very important!
Here are some of the most important secrets:
- Choice of plants by life: the longer, the better!
- The bouquet should contain an odd number of flowers - the opposite for mourning compositions.
- The universal size of the diameter is 30 cm.
- Formation of the composition begins with the largest central inflorescence, the rest descending in a spiral.
In addition to beauty, bouquets of fresh flowers have many disadvantages:
- They are very fragile - not all flowers can withstand cold, heat, drafts and just touch.
- Some flowers have a strong aroma causing allergy attacks.
- Stamens stained with pollen all around.
That is why it is necessary to take the issue of choosing colors for a composition very seriously.
Bouquets of fresh inflorescences will never go out of style. And it’s not necessary to attend floristry courses to be able to create wonderful and delicate compositions with your own hands - just learn how to feel the flowers, their character.