If in the kitchen or in the bathroom of your house traditional faucets with faucets are installed, then you should be prepared for the fact that after a certain time this element will require repair. Usually it is accompanied by the replacement of gaskets, which are located between the mixer and the crane mount.
When gasket replacement is required
Quite often, this procedure is required by cheap mixers. The gasket may require replacement, as it is short-lived, as a result of which it loses its elasticity. Cracks and dents may appear on this element, which causes even a closed tap to leak.
The reasons for the wear of the gaskets are errors made during the repair of the valve, poor quality of the sealant, as well as water containing harmful impurities. Sometimes the gasket is not suitable, since its size was originally chosen incorrectly. Water dripping from a faucet can be irritating to humans, and plumbing and rust may appear on plumbing fixtures.
Before changing the gasket in the tap, it is necessary to collect a certain amount of warm water into a container. Only then can the water supply system valve be closed. After the main crane is closed, the remaining water can be drained from the system. Then, using a thick cardboard or thick towel, you need to cover the surface of the bathtub or sink, which will eliminate damage to the plumbing.
To carry out the work you will need:
- fum tape;
- adjustable plumbing wrench;
- new gasket.
If a single-lever mixer fails, then the cartridge inside it can be replaced or a new mixer installed. Other types of cranes are fairly easy to repair.
Repair crane boxes with rubber seal
For valves with rubber seals , Russian and foreign gaskets can be found on sale, they are made of silicone and rubber. The standard sizes of the threaded portion of the valve can be 1/2 or 3/8 inch. In the store, experts recommend taking parts of the mixer that are out of order, this will eliminate errors in the selection.
One gasket can be purchased at a price of 3 to 25 rubles. Quite often, home masters wonder about how to make a gasket for a crane box. To do this, you can use sheet leather or rubber, in more rare cases - dense plastic. The cost of sheet rubber, which is suitable for the manufacture of gaskets, varies from 150 to 250 rubles. After disassembling the crane and removing the seal, you can begin the manufacturing process.
On sheet material, the thickness of which starts from 3.5 mm, it is necessary to carry out marking, using the old gasket as a template. The next step will be the cutting of a square section of material along the perimeter of the marking. After that, the rubber can be trimmed by you more accurately. It is important to ensure that the edge is beveled at 45 °.
Dismantling and repair of crane boxes
When the gaskets for the mixer were purchased or completed, you should find plastic decorative plugs on the valves that are dismantled. You can perform these manipulations by prying the element with a sharp object. The fixing bolt is located under the cover; in the next step it is necessary to unscrew it with a screwdriver. In the next step, the lamb is removed from the mixer. An adjustable wrench or wrench will help to unscrew the core with the gasket.
Use scissors or a sharp knife to hold the gasket as you remove it from the stem. Details can be cleaned with warm vinegar, this will get rid of limescale. Next comes the turn of the new gasket, if it is made of rubber, then it is installed on a cold water tap, while a leather gasket is suitable for a hot water tap. The element must be put on the stem with some effort. If you notice some defects on the core, then it needs to be replaced.
In order to facilitate the process, it is recommended to use a certain amount of silicone grease. Once the gaskets for the mixer have been installed, you can assemble the faucet. The core returns to its place, it is not necessary to screw it in too much, then you will not damage the seal. Next, a flywheel is installed, and then a fixing bolt.
Now you can check the operability of the crane, for this it is turned in different directions. The next step is to open the main valve. Only now can we verify that the mixer is working properly. If the repair did not allow to achieve positive results, then the rubber gaskets change again. Sometimes it is necessary to completely replace the mixer.
Replacing gasket in ceramic faucet
Today, ceramic faucets are considered one of the most reliable, but even they sometimes fail due to the fact that the water in the water supply system is of poor quality. To carry out repairs, you can purchase special sets of rubber and ceramic seals, their cost does not exceed 50 rubles. The repair process is quite simple.
At the first stage, you need to remove the decorative plug, unscrew the screw and provide access to the tap by unscrewing the decorative nut. You can remove it with your fingers, sometimes pliers are used for this. The crane is twisted and removed, for this you can also use pliers. You need to direct them counterclockwise, you must act as carefully as possible, because otherwise the threaded faces may be damaged.
If you are thinking about how to change the gasket in a ceramic faucet, you need to find a sealing ring, which has a black color. It is advisable to use the ring from the repair kit for replacement. The rotary stem can be disassembled and removed by pressing it with your fingers. Then the stem is easily removed from the body. Rubber ceramic seals change, and silicone grease is applied to them, this provides an easier movement of ceramic parts. Assembly is carried out in the reverse order. In order to increase the tightness, a tow or a special sealant should be wound on the crane body before assembly.
Replacing the gasket in the Geyser tap
If you are faced with the task of how to change the rubber gasket in the Geyser valve, then for starters it should be disassembled. To do this, the flow control knob is unscrewed, then the external part is removed. Together with a metal ring, a nut is unscrewed, and then a ceramic pair is removed. At this stage, you can replace the gasket, and then assemble everything in the reverse order.
It is quite easy to find rubber gaskets on sale, but some consumers, when replacing them in the Geyser tap, are faced with the difficulty of acquiring a ceramic pair. In some cities with such nodes in stores, the whole problem. Be that as it may, it is necessary to assemble and disassemble the crane, being careful. Otherwise, you may damage threaded connections.
Replacing seal in ball mixer
If you wondered how to change the gasket in a ball valve, then the technology will not differ too much from those presented above. For work, it is necessary to prepare the same tools. Work must begin with the dismantling of the decorative plugs, tossing it with a screwdriver. The hex wrench can be used to unscrew the locking screw that secures the crane lever. The latter should be pulled up and removed from the stem.
Next, the threaded connection is twisted. It should be hooked with a screwdriver into the recesses. If you are thinking about how to change the gasket in the tap, you must remember that all work must be carried out with caution, because otherwise corrugated hoses may be damaged. Pliers will allow you to dismantle the dome along with the cuff. Then the ball is removed from the mechanism.
The sealant should be replaced in the next step, in some cases, and the ball needs to be replaced. Experts recommend replacing the springs inside. Further, all the parts are installed in place, it is important to observe the accuracy of the positioning of the ball. With the chrome dome ring, you can adjust the ease of turning on the tap. Next, a lever is installed, which is fixed with a locking screw.
Before changing the gasket in the tap, it is necessary to prepare a plumbing lubricant. It will be needed before installing the ball, and its application should be carried out on the seal. This will ensure smooth operation and extend the life of the gaskets. If you are thinking about how to change the gasket in the tap of the cartridge mixer, you should know that the operation of such a device does not imply the replacement of seals. This is due to the fact that the cartridges are not separable.