It's no secret that everyone likes beautiful, well-groomed female nails. They not only attract the eyes of others, but also testify to the neatness of a woman. However, not everyone can have beautiful nails, even if they really want it. One of the most common problems is the fragility and foliation of nails, as a result of which they have an unaesthetic appearance, despite the efforts made to put them in order. Such a state cannot even be hidden under varnish, since it practically does not hold onto them. A lot of women face a similar problem every day, but not everyone knows why nails peel and break and how to deal with it.
Health problems - one of the causes of brittle and foliated nails
If the nails peel and break, then, first of all, you should pay attention to your health, since often such problems arise due to malfunctions of the internal organs. As a rule, an experienced and qualified doctor with only one appearance of the nails can suggest a specific disease and prescribe a more thorough examination. In what cases should I see a doctor? If the nails exfoliate, their color becomes paler than the skin color, and sometimes with a blue one, then these may be the consequences of a malfunction of the cardiovascular system. If there is a stratification of the nail plate, thickening of some of its sections, plus the appearance of transverse deepened stripes on its surface, this may indicate that the person has some hidden infection processes.
Nails also break and break with lung disease. In this case, yellowish small spots appear on their surface, upon detection of which it is recommended to consult a pulmonologist for a more thorough examination. If on the nail surface are not yellow, but numerous white spots, then this may be the first sign of an increase in blood sugar. In this case, a blood test is necessary. Nails are brittle even after the appearance of a small placer of white bulges on them, which can be a consequence of latent viral diseases. If the exfoliating nails take a concave shape, then this may be a prerequisite for a blood disease.
The effect of malnutrition on brittle nails
Answering the question: “Why do the nails on my hands break?”, One cannot but recall the unbalanced diet. The first sign of this is longitudinal dents located on the nail plate. In addition, improper nutrition entails a metabolic disorder, which also negatively affects the nails, which become brittle and strongly exfoliated. In addition, with improper nutrition, there is a shortage of trace elements and vitamins. In this case, it is recommended to visit a dietitian or replenish your body with vitamins such as D, A, E, B5, silicon, calcium. Some vitamins can be obtained by adding the following products to your diet: fish, nuts, dairy products, dried fruits. With a lack of vitamin A, carrots with any vegetable oil should be consumed.
Harmful from exposure to water and chemicals
If you are completely healthy, why do nails break? This can be caused by the negative effects of various chemicals, such as detergent, detergent and detergent used in everyday life. For those who work in production, all kinds of solvents and resins are harmful. In order to protect the nails from the harmful effects, it is recommended to use rubber gloves when in contact with such substances . Normal tap water also has a negative effect, which greatly overdries the nail plate, as a result of which it becomes brittle and brittle. Therefore, after prolonged contact with water, nails should simply be moistened with cream. There are people who cannot wash gloves. In this case, it is recommended to carry out such a procedure as sealing, which is carried out in beauty salons. Its essence lies in the fact that a special strengthening agent is applied to the nail plate, which is then varnished. This coverage is enough for a week, then the procedure must be repeated.
Excessive use of varnishes and acetone to remove them also has a negative effect on nails. Therefore, it is not recommended to wear nail polish around the clock. At least a couple of days a week they need to give rest. To remove the varnishes it is better to use special tools, although they have a negative effect, but are many times smaller than acetone.
But this is not all the reasons why the nails break. An important role is played by the impact on them of various kinds of mechanical effects. Just think, what a big load goes on our nails in everyday life: to dig out something, to pry, to scrape off. But they are densely superimposed keratin layers. With strong mechanical stress, this density is violated. The more the load goes on them, the more they become damaged and exfoliate, as a result of which they become brittle. To avoid this, you need to adhere to several rules. If your work is carried out using a computer, then you do not need to grow long nails, as they are pretty much damaged by numerous strokes on the keyboard. Use translucent gloves for transplanting flowers. Do not open the bottle with your fingernails.
Incorrect polishing of the edge of the nail
Another reason why the nails break is the improper treatment of its edge when shortening. When processing the free part of the nail, it is not recommended to use an iron nail file, as it leaves behind a lot of the smallest microparticles, which lead to delamination and breaking of nails. More harmless is a glass nail file for manicure or ceramic.
It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the thinner the nail, the finer the spraying should be on the nail file. Never tear off exfoliated parts. It is only recommended to apply a strengthening substance on them. In order to maintain the integrity of the nail cover, you need to hold the tool correctly: the nail file should be perpendicular to the nail.
Brittle nails in children
In adults, all the reasons for which the nails break are understandable. But what to do if the child’s nails break, and he is absolutely healthy. It would seem that he does not come into contact with various chemicals in everyday life, does not use varnishes, is not exposed to mechanical stress, then why is this happening? It’s not a secret for anyone that water of inadequate quality flows from our taps. It is she, in most cases, who is responsible for the fact that in young children the nails are flaked and subsequently break. In such cases, you should heed the advice of doctors who recommend using boiled water for water procedures for babies.
Paraffin therapy and massage
We have already described all the reasons why the nails break. What is missing for healthy nails can now be described in two words - “nutrition” and “hydration”. One of the effective procedures is paraffin therapy. It can be carried out both in beauty salons and at home. After several such procedures, blood circulation improves, as a result of which the nails are saturated with oxygen and nutrients, which makes them strong and healthy. Once or twice a week at home, you can make compresses for nails (25 grams of glycerin, 70 grams of water, 5 grams of alum). In winter, it is recommended to apply two to three times a week on
nails at night olive oil. Massage is quite effective for strengthening nails: the cuticle area is massaged with a rather soft brush moistened with glycerin or baby oil. It should be noted that the effect of this procedure will be more noticeable if it is carried out in combination with baths of sea salt.
Oils and therapeutic creams as a remedy for brittle nails
To strengthen and nourish nails, there are various therapeutic oils and creams that contain allatonin and panthenol and contribute to the healing of cuticles. To accelerate the formation of cells in the nail growth zone, it is recommended to use creams containing nutrients and liposomes. To protect against the negative effects on the nail plate of the environment - creams containing vitamin C, protein and keratin.
Baths for strengthening nails
If the fingernails break, you can use an easier way to strengthen them - the bath. The most commonly used baths are made of warm water with the addition of kefir, sandalwood essential oil, bergamot, pine, ylang-ylang. Lemon juice also has healing properties, therefore it is recommended to use warm water baths for hands with the addition of this juice. For exfoliating nails, you can still add a few drops of iodine and a couple of tablespoons of sea salt. It must be remembered that each such procedure should last from 10 to 15 minutes. To quickly strengthen the nail plate, the most effective is a bath of warm red wine with the addition of sea salt. The wine is heated to 40-50 degrees. The duration of such a procedure can be increased to 20 minutes. At the end, the hands are rinsed with plain warm water, wiped dry and a nourishing cream is applied.
In addition to red wine, white is also used for the preparation of baths: per 100 grams, 4 tablespoons of olive oil and 5 tablespoons of vinegar. The fingertips are lowered into the resulting substance for 15 minutes, then wiped dry and lubricated with a nourishing cream. For exfoliating nails, a bath consisting of 50 grams of wine and 100 grams of water infusion of chamomile will be more effective. It should be noted the effectiveness and simpler ingredients. So, to strengthen nails, a bath consisting of a glass of warm water, 2 tablespoons of black dry tea and 100 milliliters of freshly squeezed juice is ideal.