Such a concept as an author’s mark has two main interpretations. The first of them defines it as an element of output information about a publication. Such a sign appeared at the beginning of the 20th century. It was invented by Lyubov Khavkina, a renowned librarian. A sign is a combination of letters and numbers. He was seen by everyone who had taken library books at least once in his life. It is located in the corner of the publication. Most often, the first letter denotes the name of the author in alphabetical order. As for the digital designation, there is a whole tabular system for its assignment.
However, most often the copyright sign does not mean the invention of Khavkina at all, but the copyright sign - copyright. This is the letter "C" in the circle, which can be found not only in print, but also on the Internet. Copyright refers to intellectual or other property. To understand the essence of this designation, you need to delve into the field of copyright. In Russia, this area began to develop not so long ago, but is already gaining momentum. The copyright symbol indicates the copyright holder. A person or organization is not necessarily the creator of a product, but they may have exclusive rights to it as a result of their transfer by the author. An author may be the copyright holder if he did not sell or transfer his work to another person. But the copyright holder is not always the author.
Copyright may be violated if someone has appropriated the results of another's work. This may be plagiarism or partial copying of a work without reference to whoever owns the copyright in the work. Moreover, not only a book or article can be stolen, but also scientific developments, know-how and other proprietary techniques. In the case of a literary work, the author is established by analyzing the text. There is such a thing as copyright punctuation marks. It also takes into account the frequency of words and various parts of speech, the form of constructing sentences and much more.
Surprisingly, such a technique really helps to determine the author of the work. Plagiarists, despite all their sophistication, cannot repeat someone else's text. Unless, of course, they are geniuses. In addition to plagiarism, there is a reverse type of fraud - falsification of authenticity. This is the case when a manuscript is discovered that was supposedly written by a famous writer. In practice, most of these works very quickly turn into a category of fakes. They are calculated elementary on the basis of text analysis. If we are talking about an old document, then there is still an analysis of paper and ink.
The most difficult thing is to protect copyright on the Internet. There is no guarantee that the text will not be copied, corrected or stolen. People who write online often sell their work without attribution. Webmasters and site owners, having posted such text on their resource, cannot guarantee that they will not steal it. Copying without an active link to the source is considered something completely normal on the network. At the same time, neither warning banners nor protective scripts help. If the text itself could not be copied, then at least an idea can be stolen. The copyright mark is not a warning.
In most cases, a plagiarist cannot be brought to justice. First of all, because the copyright mark is usually installed on the site without registering the law itself legally. Therefore, if someone steals an interesting idea or know-how from a web resource, the copyright holder will not be able to prove anything. The second reason for the lack of appeals to the court is that the trial is too expensive and tedious process. In addition, the plagiarist is often impossible to calculate. After all, the copied article can be placed on a free service or someone else's resource.