A shower cabin in a wooden house with your own hands can be performed by any home master. It is worth remembering that wood is a rather capricious material, so the main emphasis must be placed on high-quality waterproofing, taking care of the attractive appearance of the system.
A bit about technology
It is necessary to begin such work with a layout that provides for the choice of a place for the cabin. It is usually placed against a wall or in a corner. It is important to think about where the hood will be located. After that, water and sewer pipes are brought to the installation site. At the planning stage, it is important to pay attention to the size of the room. If the shower cabin is relatively small, then cosmetics and household supplies are best placed in open systems.
If you make a shower cabin in a wooden house with your own hands, it is important to choose the right materials. The designs described in this article can be with or without pallets. The first option is more practical, while the second is easy to install. If the room is small enough, then a shower cabin with an inclined floor is suitable. The pallet will then be made of bricks or concrete, after which it must be tiled. Instead of an expensive glass sliding door, you can use an ordinary plastic curtain. However, the most successful and attractive option is tempered glass, which is able to withstand shock loads.
Quite often, recently, a shower cabin in a wooden house is done by ordinary home craftsmen with their own hands. If you also decided to resort to such a technique, then you should decide on the configuration of the design and prepare the necessary tools and some materials. Among them, it is necessary to highlight:
- building level;
- containers for grouting and preparing other solutions;
- putty knife;
- Master OK;
- hammer drill;
- electric jigsaw.
Making a shower stall
A shower cabin in a wooden house with their own hands is carried out according to a certain technology, which provides for the protection of materials from moisture. To do this, waterproofing all surfaces of the room. Due to the presence on the market of a wide range of waterproofing materials, it is possible to make the room comfortable and functional. It is important to properly install a ventilation system that will get rid of high humidity and prevent the formation of fungus and mold.
For a small wooden house, passive ventilation will be more complete. In this case, air exchange will be provided naturally without the use of exhaust and supply fans. Air will enter through building structures or air inlets. An exhaust hole must be installed at the top of the wall. It should be 50 cm above the roof. The outer part of the air duct must be thermally insulated to prevent the formation of condensate. Equipment must be made of non-combustible materials.
The ventilation of the shower cabin in a wooden house should have dampers in the mines, they will block the flow of oxygen in a fire. In passive systems, air will circulate due to temperature differences and pressure drops outside and inside the building. Streams will penetrate the house, heat up and rise to the ceiling, going out through the hole. This method of air exchange is especially effective in the winter. In summer, the circulation of the flow will depend on the differences in pressure and wind. In the off-season, air exchange will stop. In order to enhance its efficiency, a fan is installed in the exhaust shaft.
Home-made showers in a wooden house may include a fan; to install it, you need to mark a place on the wall for a tie-in. The hole is cut with a drill, then the sleeve is inserted and the protruding elements are cut. At the next stage, the master should bring the electrical wiring and drill a hole for fasteners. The main step will be the installation of the muffler and the housing, the last of which is closed by a lid. On the outside, the openings are closed by a ventilation grill.
Before making a shower cabin, it is necessary to ensure the presence of sewage. It is important to remember that timber-framed wooden houses shrink over time. This information will help when choosing sewer pipes. It is better to prefer drainage from those materials that are resistant to mechanical damage. Among them are the following:
- high-quality plastic;
- metal plastic;
For shower use 50 mm. pipes. Drain pipes, which should be located at a small angle, are brought into the common riser. For fastening, movable joints are used, which exclude damage to the sewage system when the floor shrinks.
The floor for a shower in a wooden house requires reinforcement. During the construction, it is necessary to install additional supports under the final floor. The materials are treated with an antibacterial and water-repellent composition, insulated with polymer mastic, which is sometimes replaced with a rubberized self-adhesive membrane. Next, you can make a screed of cement-polymer mastic.
Before making a shower cabin, it is necessary to prepare the floor, for this the coating is cleaned of stains of paint and oil, as well as dirt. The surface is treated with waterproofing and water-repellent compounds. Then a rubberized membrane is laid, sometimes polymer coatings are used instead.
The isolation of the shower cabin in a wooden house is carried out according to the technology, which involves closing the drain holes with drains. Cement-polymer mortar is poured on top in two layers, the thickness of each of which can be 3 mm. Application of the second layer is carried out 3 hours after the arrangement of the first. About 7 hours after that, you can decorate the surface with tiles.
Recommendations for the independent manufacture of pallets
A do-it-yourself shower tray can be made in several stages. If there was no screed on the floor before the start of work, then it must be poured. Before this, the surface is waterproofed with bitumen mastic or polymer film, the material should go on the walls. The finished screed should be primed and waterproofed with the mixture in another layer. Multilayer waterproofing and priming will eliminate the flooding of the underground space and protect materials from pathogenic microflora, as well as the appearance of moisture and unpleasant odor.
For insulation under the screed, sheets of expanded polystyrene can be laid, however, this will raise the level of construction. The base is usually strengthened with a metal mesh, which is located in the solution. It is important to ensure a three-degree inclination towards the outlet pipe. If the foundation of the house turned out to be too low, then it will be impossible to fulfill this condition, this will negatively affect the work of the drain. If you decide to make a shower tray with your own hands, then it can be supplemented with borders and a step from the outside for comfortable use.
For safe use
As soon as the screed is dry, a waterproofing layer should be applied to it again, and after that the surface together with the sides should be coated with a primer and waterproofing. Particular attention should be paid to the area around the drain hole and the corners. The layer should not have spaces and gaps, it must be done in the form of an integral coating.
Waterproofing before installing a shower in a wooden house
Before putting a shower in a wooden house, it is necessary to perform waterproofing work. To begin with, a screed is laid, sometimes a cement-bonded chipboard is laid. Bitumen is applied on top, other coating materials can also be used. They can be called differently, but are made, as a rule, on a bitumen basis. It is possible to increase the waterproofing properties of the material by ensuring overlap between two layers of bitumen. At the next stage, ceramic tiles are laid; for this, high-quality glue should be used. It is necessary to protect from moisture not only the walls, but also the ceiling. The surface can be plastered and coated with a fungicidal composition.
The last word in wall insulation is the use of glass-magnesium sheets, which surpassed gypsum board in quality. Their fastening is carried out on the frame using dowels, and a sealing tape is applied to the joints . You can lay mosaic or ceramic tiles on top. Slots may form at the junction of the tile with the wall during installation of the shower . The joints are treated with sealant, it is best to give preference to those that are made not on the basis of silicone, but on a bitumen basis.
Features of installing a cabin in a wooden house
A do-it-yourself shower cabin in a private house can be not only completed, but also installed independently. At the first stage, a hose is connected to the sewer riser. All connections should be sealed. A gasket is installed in the drain pan, it should also be treated with silicone. At the next stage, a pan is installed, a drain and a siphon are fixed to it, then you need to check the design for leaks.
When installing a do-it-yourself shower cabin in a private house, electricity is required. Outlets are usually located on the side or back of the cab. The kit includes an aluminum profile into which the walls are inserted, one more profile is fixed on top of the panels, which will hold the elements as reliably as possible. After installing the curtains of the cab, you can begin the installation of doors. If they are sliding, they are installed on self-regulating rollers. If the doors are hinged, they are put on hinges.