If family life does not develop catastrophically, then divorce becomes an extreme measure. According to studies, the stress of divorce, by the strength of its psychological trauma, is in the next place after the death of a loved one.
No matter how deliberate and obvious the decision may be, there will still be a lot of experiences. After all, not only the usual emotional connection is torn, but the general material world, which took shape over the years, will also have to be divided. To avoid additional fears and problems in this painful situation, let's talk about how property is divided during a divorce.
This process is regulated by the Family Code of the Russian Federation, according to which the property that the spouses acquired in marriage is joint. In a divorce, half is received by the husband and half by the wife, unless otherwise provided by a court decision or marriage contract .
What can be considered jointly acquired, and how is property divided during a divorce?
The Family Code states that the following are considered common property:
- income of husband and wife from any type of activity;
- pensions and monetary compensation that do not have a specific purpose (for example, disability payments and child support - this is the target)
- movable and immovable property acquired on joint income (this includes furniture, cars, land, real estate, household appliances, jewelry);
- securities, cash deposits, share in the business (only if it was created after marriage).
Not considered jointly acquired:
- property and real estate acquired or received prior to marriage;
- real estate that one of the spouses registered in his property as a result of initial privatization;
- property that one of the spouses received from a third party as a gift or by inheritance;
- property that one of the spouses bought with funds that he had before marriage (for example, if the spouse sold a painting that belonged to him before marriage, and bought other property with these funds);
- property that belongs to minor children (in this case, it remains with the parent with whom the children live);
- personal items, except jewelry and luxury goods.
How is property divided during a divorce if one of the spouses did not work?
Even if one of the spouses did not have an independent income for any good reason (childcare, housekeeping), then he still has the right to half of the total property.
How is the apartment divided in a divorce?
If the apartment belongs to jointly acquired property, then it is divided equally between the spouses, provided that the children are not part of the owners. But, if underage children remain with one of the spouses, then, in a judicial proceeding, his share of ownership of an apartment can be increased.
If one spouse is the owner of the apartment, and the other simply lives there, then after the divorce, he must move out and change the place of registration, according to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation. If this does not happen voluntarily, the owner can evict the former spouse from his apartment by court order.
The right to perpetual residence are members of the spouse's family who did not participate in the privatization of the apartment, but who lived or were registered there at the time of privatization.
The most difficult situation is if minor children live in the apartment, and the spouse with whom they stay does not have their own housing. Then the court may award a forced separation of the apartment in favor of this spouse.
How are loans divided in a divorce?
The court, first of all, determines for what purposes the loan was taken. If this was entirely done for the needs of the family, then the loan is recovered from the common property of both spouses. And if the loan was taken for the personal needs of one of the spouses, then the loan is paid by the one who issued it.
In any case, if you have any doubts about how property is divided during a divorce, it is better to ask a lawyer specifically about your situation. Fears of being left with nothing after a divorce, or paying a spouse's debts, may be unfounded. There is always a way out, remember this.