What is ATP? These are organizations that carry goods by car, carry out storage, maintenance and repair of vehicles. Cargo transportation needs industry, construction and the private sector. To realize the finished product, the manufacturer needs to bring it to the consumer, solve delivery problems that are associated with various transport issues.
Many companies have encrypted the names, indicating only the first letters. For example, what is ATP? The abbreviation stands for simply - a trucking company. What is the essence of these organizations? ATP is a very complex structure. These organizations carry out:
- Road transport of people and goods for various purposes.
- Technical operation of vehicles.
- Expeditionary work.
Cargo deliveries from one point to another take place on the basis of agreements between carriers and their customers. Both legal entities and individuals can apply for a service.
Brief description of activities
To better understand what ATP is, we will consider its kind of activity, such as technical operation. The company's specialists perform:
- Car maintenance.
- Check the condition of the vehicle.
- Provide safe work on serviceable machines.
Expeditions for the transportation of marketable products are carried out by specialized companies. Such work can be done by the forwarder, which is hired by the shipper. Consignees assume similar responsibilities if the arrangements are included in the contract. These examples should not be confused with transport agency, when they hire agents on behalf of, and the principal pays the bill.
The requirements for employees in this field and the powers of these employees extend to the observance of the interests of carriers. If there are violations upon delivery, they will compensate for the shortage. The nature of the forwarder's activity requires knowledge, for example, what is the state and commercial transportation in ATP. In any case, vehicles transport goods and passengers, and vehicle owners conclude contracts with customers.
Transport work is a complex and multifunctional system. To fully characterize the concept, there is a classification of ATP. What does this distinction mean? This is their specific occupation by nature:
- To the repairman.
Work can be performed by machines:
- Passenger and cargo.
Production is organized as automobile:
- Fleet of vehicles.
The definition of ATP depends on the size of production, the number of vehicles. They create enterprises, focusing on the volume of passenger and freight traffic that the region needs.
What unites enterprises
The specifics of transport work requires the creation of companies:
When organizing an integrated structure, they plan to transport goods, provide passenger services, repair vehicles that belong to the company.
A specialized definition of ATP and its types implies the transportation of passengers and goods. Such enterprises belong to the category of small. They usually do not have repair units.
The state owns vehicles for various purposes, including equipment for general use. They provide commercial services for people of any status.
Departmental cars transport building structures, industrial equipment. The functions of vehicles include servicing the industry companies to which they belong.
Labor protection at ATP by definition should be created at a high level, since not only the health of employees, but also the safety of citizens using its services depends on the production and living conditions created in the organization. Inside the enterprise they create:
- Developed and approved evacuation plan (in case of fire).
- Cars with open storage are located no closer than 20 m from each other with a distance of 15 m from the production area.
- Between the garage and the room where the repair is carried out, a partition of non-combustible materials is required.
- The sites where vehicles are inspected and repaired are systematically removed from objects that interfere with movement.
It is strictly forbidden to park cars:
- The use of open fire forge forges, blowtorches, welding machines.
- Storage of fuels and lubricants, except those that are in the fuel systems of cars.
- Warehousing of containers after gasoline or diesel fuel.
Drivers are recommended even after leaving the track (if temporary parking is needed in the field or near the forest) to clear the area of dry garbage, to have tow cables and rods.
Electrical safety at ATP can not be briefly described, since electricity is widely used in this industry. Without this type of energy will not work:
- Machine tools
- Lifting devices.
- Many tools and instruments.
- Charging device.
- Electric welding installations.
The following preventive measures will help protect workers from electric shock:
- Install isolation transformers.
- Electricians conduct control inspections of wiring, isolate damaged places. Dates for checks are set in directories and PTB.
- New or repaired electrical appliances are connected after preliminary tests.
The most dangerous areas are areas where employees work on DC equipment, for example, they paint the surfaces of cars using electric spray guns. Installations powered by electricity must be grounded. Wiring sections must be properly insulated.
The purpose of the warehouse
Not a single production activity is complete without warehouses. To organize a continuous process in the work, it is necessary to have a raw material supply. At ATP it can be tools, machine parts, etc.
All this should be in storage facilities. The availability of the necessary products will ensure uninterrupted supply performance. Squares can perform not only functions for storing materials. Also there, workers prepare them for use.
What warehouses are created on the territory of the transport company
All items stored in warehouses are recorded in special magazines. Each year, the accountant conducts an inventory to check the condition of the property. A materially responsible employee performs warehouse accounting in ATP. Determining the amount of warehouse content, placing materials in cards, and moving them helps ensure safety. Loading warehouses is strictly permitted. Store at ATP can:
- Automotive fuel.
- Tires, rubber.
- Spare parts, units.
- Technical devices.
- Construction Materials.
- Overalls for employees.
Warehouses are divided by purpose. They are:
In the premises are:
- Main and auxiliary materials.
- Spare parts.
- Liquid and solid fuels.
Sales warehouses store products pending implementation. This can be scrap, waste, finished products. Also, objects that require repair can be located here. At the production sites are parts that need repair.
In addition, storage facilities are specialized and versatile. Their economic purpose of objects is distinguished. The storekeeper should not only keep a record of incoming values, but also monitor the safety and prevent damage to details.
In the premises it is necessary to create conditions to ensure:
- Fire safety.
- Sanitation and hygiene requirements.
The stored property of automobile enterprises differs in physical and chemical properties. They need buildings with design features and rational parameters:
Technical literature sets out in detail in print media the requirements for warehouses owned by motor vehicles.
Each service ATP - operational, technical or service, performs a common task. It creates safe traffic with good transport on the roads. Most fleets are becoming privately owned, but the requirements for them remain the same.