Interpersonal relationships of adolescents are built at the time of their psycho-emotional changes. Adolescence is characterized by the abolition of previously established rules of behavior and the acquisition of new character traits and social norms. The child begins to realize his belonging to the adult world, the boundaries of society are expanding, there is awareness of himself and his "I", self-actualization begins.
All these changes in the psyche and physiology of the adolescent make you change the attitude towards peers and adults. Interpersonal relationships of adolescents in this period are based on many factors.
It has long been proven that in the formation of the “I-concept” and self-esteem of the personality, which is of great importance in building relationships between adolescents, interpersonal relationships in the child’s family play a major role. Important factors in the socialization of the child are: the level of education of the parents, the type of their occupation, the psychological situation in the family, material wealth, etc. All these factors to a large extent from childhood determine the life path of a child. Under the influence of these factors, as well as attitudes towards the child, he is brought up with the laying of life priorities. The development of the child’s personality is greatly influenced by the relationship between parents. The stereotype of their behavior is then completely copied when interpersonal relationships are formed in adolescence. If the atmosphere in the family is unfavorable, the parents quarrel, cannot find a common language, or the parents are alcoholics, drug addicts, all this is subsequently projected onto a teenage child.
But even in socially prosperous families, education can go in different directions. If a child has no rights in the family, and his behavior is regulated by norms and prohibitions, then a limp, uninitiated, suggestible creature that cannot be a full member of society can grow out of this child. In another case, when democracy reigns in the family, the child can become independent, able to make decisions and act as a person.
Interpersonal relationships of adolescents begin to form in collectives voluntary (company of friends) or formed by adults (schools, circles, etc.). In the team, as a rule, the personality characteristics of all individuals begin to appear, and if the group consists of children that are unequal in social status and material support, then conflicts begin. The team is divided into groups whose members have common interests (not always constructive). So, usually, in a school class a group of asocial teething teens appears who are alcoholized, smoked and show other features of deviant behavior. There is also a group of teenage girls in the class who are popular with the opposite sex; they, as a rule, have accelerated sexual development and are prone to manifestations of "adulthood." Their behavior is characterized by the absence of shame, bright clothes and make-up. Such girls study poorly, do not set themselves the goal of getting an education or becoming a full member of society.
There are also teenagers in the team who are distinguished by their quiet behavior, suppleness, they are often victims of the alcohol group of adolescents. As a rule, these are those children whose behavior is constantly regulated by parental prohibitions. They often have low self-esteem, they are closed and taciturn, they make poor contact with peers.
Interpersonal relationships of adolescents is a very complex process, which is formed under the influence of many factors, but the most important role in this process belongs to parent-child relationships in the family.